Episodes

12th September 1919: Hitler joins the German Workers Party  

On September 12th 1919, Adolf Hitler officially joined the German Workers’ Party (DAP). At the time no membership cards were issued but, when they made available in January 1920, Hitler was given membership number 55...

11th September 1789: Alexander Hamilton appointed US Secretary of the Treasury  

Alexander Hamilton was made the first United States Secretary of the Treasury by President George Washington. Alexander Hamilton was born on the Caribbean island of Nevis to a Scottish-born father and a half-British, half-French Huguenot...

10th September 1989: Hungary allows East Germans into Austria  

On the 10th September 1989, the Hungarian government announced the opening of the border with Austria to allow thousands of East Germans to leave the Communist Bloc. Met with incredible anger from the East German...

9th September 1956: Elvis Presley makes his first appearance on The Ed Sullivan Show  

Elvis Presley appeared on The Ed Sullivan Show, the USA’s most popular television show, for the first time. Ed Sullivan was a former New York entertainment columnist who had once vowed never to have Elvis...

8th September 1888: First ever Football League matches take place  

On the 8th September 1888, the very first Football League games were played in England. Consisting of twelve teams, the first day’s table – if one had been printed – would have featured West Bromwich...

7th September 1940: The Nazi German Luftwaffe launches The Blitz  

The Nazi German Luftwaffe launched the first of 57 consecutive days and nights of bombing raids on London in what became known as the Blitz. The Luftwaffe had been attacking British targets in the Battle...

6th September 1972: Olympic athletes killed in the Munich massacre  

Shortly after midnight on the morning of the 6th September 1972, nine Israeli Olympic athletes were killed by Palestinian terrorists from the Black September group in the Munich massacre. The terrorists were seeking the release...

5th September 1793: The Reign of Terror begins in France  

The Reign of Terror began in France when Bertrand Barère, a member of the Committee of Public Safety, made a speech in favour of it that ended with the exclamation, “Let’s make terror the order...

4th September 1957: Black students denied entry to Little Rock High School  

On the 4th September 1957 a group of nine black schoolchildren were prevented from entering the previously segregated Little Rock Central High School by the Arkansas National Guard acting on the orders of Governor Orval...

3rd September 1783: Treaty of Paris ends the American Revolutionary War  

The Treaty of Paris, which ended the American Revolutionary War, was signed by representatives of King George III of Great Britain and representatives of the United States of America. The American Revolutionary War, also known...

2nd September 1666: Great Fire of London starts in Pudding Lane  

The Great Fire of London began on the 2nd September 1666. Having famously started at a bakery in Pudding Lane, the catastrophic fire blazed for more than three days and destroyed over 13,000 houses, churches...

1st September 1604: The Sikh Adi Granth first installed at the Golden Temple  

The Adi Granth, the original holy scripture of Sikhism now known as Guru Granth Sahib, was first installed at the Harmandir Sahib Golden Temple. Beginning with Guru Nanak, the founder of Sikhism, the gurus had...

31st August 1888: Discovery of the first victim of Jack the Ripper in London  

On the 31st August 1888, Mary Ann Nichols – commonly known as Polly – became the first confirmed victim of Jack the Ripper in the Whitechapel area of London. Not only had her throat been...

30th August 1918: Lenin shot in a failed assassination attempt  

On the 30th August 1918, Bolshevik leader Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov – better known as Lenin – was the victim of a failed assassination plot. Fanya Kaplan, a member of the anti-Bolshevik faction of the Socialist...

29th August 1949: USSR conducts its first atomic bomb test  

On the 29th August 1949, the Soviet Union successfully detonated its first nuclear weapon codenamed RDS-1 and nicknamed First Lightning. The explosion had the power of 22 kilotons of TNT, and was 50% more destructive...

28th August 1963: Martin Luther King Jr declares ‘I Have a Dream’  

On the 28th August 1963, American Civil Rights leader Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. delivered his iconic ‘I Have a Dream’ speech from the steps of the Lincoln Memorial in Washington DC. The sixteenth of...

27th August 1928: The Kellogg-Briand Pact is signed  

On the 27th August 1928, Germany, France and the United States signed the General Treaty for Renunciation of War as an Instrument of National Policy – otherwise known as the Kellogg-Briand Pact. A total of...

26th August 1346: The longbow helps Edward III win the Battle of Crécy  

On the 26th August 1346, one of the most decisive battles in the Hundred Years War was won by the army of the English king Edward III. The Battle of Crécy was fought against the...

25th August 1944: Paris liberated from Nazi control  

On the 25th August 1944, the Nazi German garrison in Paris surrendered the city to the Allies. Having been rules by the Nazis for over four years, the liberation of the capital was not a...

24th August AD 79: Mount Vesuvius destroys Pompeii & Herculaneum  

The 24th August AD 79 is traditionally believed to have been the eruption of Mount Vesuvius that wiped out numerous Roman settlements including Pompeii and Herculaneum. Eyewitness accounts of the eruption have survived in the...

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