If you're one of the millions of Korean learners who have struggled to understand exactly how the Korean particles 은, 는, 이 and 가 work, this will be a great one-stop guide for you! People who learn Korean as their mother tongue can distinguish their specific roles and various usages at a very young age, but for learners who study Korean as a foreign language, these topic/subject markers can be a bit tricky to understand.
Here's the gist of this video:
- 은 and 는 are "topic markers" and show you what the topic of the sentence is.
- 이 and 가 are "subject markers" and show you the direct subject of the verb that is being used in the sentence.
- 은/는 also shows contrast and change of scene/narrative.
- In compound sentences, such as "The movie I watched was fun.", you can see 은/는 and 이/가 being used together.
But for a better understanding, we recommend that you watch the full video (more than once if necessary) and pay close attention to the detailed examples.
You might also find our AUDIO LESSON (accompanied by a free PDF e-book) very useful: