In this third episode of 1916, we examine the cultural and linguistic influences that were so critical in shaping and moulding a sense of Irish identity before the Rising took place. We also trace the development of crucial figures like Arthur Griffith, Douglas Hyde It was Hyde who responsible for the title of this episode when he claimed that, following the establishment of the Gaelic League, the GAA and numerous dramatic institutions, Ireland no longer a poor old woman, but a beautiful young maiden, who had not only started to 'move and play, she has begun to sing'. Ireland certainly was singing by the turn of the century, and as its political parties reunified, political nationalism seemed destined for a revival at the same time. Just at this moment though, the Fenians lurked in the background, preparing the next generation of rebels for the next phase in Ireland's history. MUSIC: Anna on flute playing 'Revival', self entitled tune.