Academic English Vocabulary - AIRC87  

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With over 40 years of teaching between us, we'll help you improve your English and take it to the next level.
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In this episode: Academic English


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Elisa from Finland sent us a message for the Christmas episode inglespodcast/82. ( )

She said "you guys sang surprisingly well" - She also gave some inside information on Santa's sleigh and recommends people visit the website Elisa said, "Santa Claus lives here in the Santa Park with Mrs Claus and Elves!"
(I thought it was "Elvis"!)

We also have a voice message from our good friend Mamen from Biescas. She listened to episode 81 about British and American English pronunciation differences :

( ).

Here is Mamen practising the different pronunciation of US and UK English……

There are reasons why Mamen is improving her English:
-She’s engaging with the language.
-She’s taking the time to practise speaking, record her voice, coming on Blab. (
-She’s enthusiastic about learning.

Listener Feedback: Jesús Vélez
Hi Craig and Reza! Thanks for your podcast, I think it's fantastic. It's a huge help for "travelers" (commuters): my journey from my home to job (work) is about 120 km (1 hour...).
I use your podcast to take my English to the next level. Currently, I'm preparing my C1. Would you mind to speak (speaking) about academic English?
For example keywords I must use in the university with some colleagues, research concepts (paper, article, stay, fellowship...)
I think there's a lot of material on the internet, but it's a disaster... There's no order at all.

Thanks in advance (excuse me for my poor English) and continue with the programs!
Kind regards, Jesús Vélez



Academic English style is generally evident in a:
Journal (like a technical/academic magazine); Text book; Essay; Academic article; Report; Dissertation; Thesis; etc. WRITTEN
Lecture; Talk; Workshop; Presentation; Tutorial; Seminar; Conference; etc. SPOKEN

Different style of language compared to General English. Key features include:

More abstract, more impersonal, more structured, more organised, usually formal (written), often more technical, often more complex, avoids ambiguity, may include references to other sources.

-Avoid personal pronouns, eg. I, me, you, us, etc.

-Use the Passive (to be impersonal):
eg. the liquid was heated to 20 degrees C; it can be seen that the species evolved.

-Avoid contractions in written academic Eng., but usually OK spoken:
eg. It will not be resolved (not “won’t”); the conclusions are not definitive (not “aren’t”)

-Nominalisation = using nouns rather than verbs. This sounds more academic:
eg. “...the Norman invasion of Britain in 1066, provoking a huge linguistic change.” is better than “...when the Normans invaded Britain in 1066 and it provoked a huge change.”

-Use plenty of linking words or signpost your discourse:

eg. Firstly; Secondly; Next; A further point; Finally; Lastly - LISTING

Moreover; In addition (to); Additionally; Furthermore; What is more - ADDING INFO.

However; Nevertheless; Nonetheless; Despite; In spite of; Whereas; Whilst; Although; Albeit; Notwithstanding; Be that as it may; On the other hand - CONTRAST/CONCESSION

For example/instance; As an/one example; As exemplified by___; To illustrate - EXAMPLE

According to Smith (1987); As Smith (1987) said; Smith (1987) wrote/stated - REFERENCE

In conclusion; To conclude; To sum up; In brief; All in all; In short - CONCLUSION


Italki ad - Reza’s experience with a French teacher, Justine.


Common university campus terms:

There are usually several departments in one faculty eg. the Department of Physics in the Science Faculty

bachelor’s degree; master’s degree - comes after or is longer than a bachelor’s degree

eg. She has a BA (Bachelor of Arts) in History; He’s doing an MSc in Mathematics (Master of Science) at Oxford.

a doctorate or PhD - the highest post-graduate uni. qualification, requiring a few years of study, research and a doctoral thesis

an undergraduate - a student studying on a bachelor’s (first) degree course

a graduate - a person who has completed a bachelor’s degree course

a post-graduate - a person who is studying on a higher course after passing their first degree

a fellow - someone who (temporarily) teaches/researches (and perhaps still studies on a post-graduate course) at a university, but not a full lecturer

a fellowship - the job given to a fellow

a lecturer - a person who gives lectures at a university

a professor - an experienced, distinguished, more senior lecturer (NOT the same as teacher)

a grant - money given by the govt. to help support students throughout the year, depending on their financial situation

a scholarship - money given by a university/college/school/company to a student because they won it or are poor but talented.

halls of residence - official university accommodation on campus, usually a large block

vice-chancellor (VC)- the top person in charge of a university (the dean in a North American college)

pro-vice-chancellor (PVC)/deputy-vice-chancellor (DVC) - second in command, under the vice-chancellor

higher education (HE) - tertiary-level education, ie. higher than primary and secondary education

eg. university, college, medical school, etc.

For the most common vocabulary used to study at HE level, the Academic Word List:

Reza has taught Academic English at Queen’s University, Belfast and the University of Ulster. Here are a few well known books he has used:
An example unit from the book:

A great place to listen to talks and lectures on just about any (academic) topic:

...and now it's your turn to practise your English. We want you to tell us if you have had experience of academic English. Have you been to university? Do you have a degree? Send us a voice message and tell us what you think. (90 seconds - need an app for mobile)

Send us an email with a comment or question to or
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On next week's episode: The Past Continuous

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On next week's episode:

The music in this podcast is by Pitx. The track is called 'See You Later'

February 2010  

Aprender ingles gratis con La Mansion del Ingles. Un podcast para mejorar la gramatica, el vocabulario y la pronunciacion del inglés. Una leccion del ingles con ejemplos y ejercicios.
Learn English free with podcasts from La Mansion del Ingles. Improve your grammar, vocabulary and pronunciation. This English lesson contains examples and exercises.

Podcast Transcription

Good morning and welcome to another Mansión Inglés podcast from mansióninglé, recorded for February 2010. Is it two thousand and ten or twenty ten? I don’t know. Twenty ten has fewer syllables and it’s easier to say, but two thousand and ten seems more natural to me. I think we’ll have to wait and see what the majority of English speakers decide to say. Why not “two zero, one zero” just to be different?

Anyway, here’s where we talk about English. English vocabulary, English grammar, English expressions, pronunciation; “pronunciation” British English, American English, Spanglish English. All hopefully, to improve your English a little.

This month in our monthly newsletter – el cuaderno mensual, you probably saw a few general expressions in the basic section of the newsletter – la parte básico. If you did the exercise (and even if you didn’t) I want to test you. So I’m going to say the Spanish with my really bad Spanish pronunciation, and I want you to say the English translation before I do. So speak after you hear the tone. Di la traducción de las siguientes frases antes que las digo yo y después del tono. OK are you ready? ¿Listo?

Gracias – Thank you. De nada - You’re welcome. ¿Qué tal? - How are you? No entiendo - I don’t understand. Tengo una reserva - I have a reservation ¿Cuánto cuesta? - How much is it? Quisiera un café - I’d like a coffee. ¿Cuál es tu número de teléfono? - What’s your phone number? ¿Te puedo dar un beso? - Can I kiss you? - Can I kiss you?  Tomaré lo mismo que ellos - I’ll have what they’re having.

Now listen to the English again and repeat. Escucha y repite.

 Thank you

You’re welcome

How are you?

I don’t understand

I have a reservation

How much is it?

I’d like a coffee

What’s your phone number?

Can I kiss you?

I’ll have what they’re having

Good. Now let’s move on to the intermediate and advanced part of the newsletter where you saw vocabulary connected to the five senses – los cinco sentidos. Do you remember what the five senses are in English?

oído - hearing

vista - sight

tacto - touch

gusto - taste

olor - smell

We can use five basic verbs to talk about the five senses. Listen and repeat:

to sound ; to look ; to feel ; to taste ; to smell

These verbs are usually modified by an adjective, not an adverb. For example:

My new iPod sounds fantastic. Repeat: My new iPod sounds fantastic.

She looks really sexy. Repeat: She looks really sexy

It felt weird (weird means raro o extraño). Repeat: It felt weird

This chicken tastes wonderful. Repeat: This chicken tastes wonderful.

The cake smelt delicious. Repeat: The cake smelt delicious.

In the hearing exercise there were six adjectives to describe sound. Listen and repeat: 

noiseless – a noiseless environment.

silent – a silent prayer. A prayer, P-R-A-Y-E-R is oración in Spanish. Repeat- a silent prayer.

quiet – a quiet person

noisy -.  A noisy bar

loud – loud music

deafening – a deafening noise. Sordo is deaf, so we say a deaf person. “Can you hear me? Are you deaf?” - The verb is to deafen. And the adjective is deafening. Repeat: a deafening noise.

Do you remember the sight vocabulary? Maybe there are some words here that you haven’t heard before. For example:

to glimpse – vislumbrar. Glimpse is a verb and a noun. The noun glimpse likes to go together with the verb to catch. To catch a glimpse of something. What’s the past of the verb to catch? …….caught. ¡OJO! - Be careful of the pronunciation of caught C-A U-G-H-T. I caught a glimpse. Repeat..I caught a glimpse. I caught of glimpse of Penelope Cruz - I caught of glimpse of Penelope Cruz in a restaurant in Madrid last week. To catch a glimpse of someone or something.

Then we had the verb to gaze - mirar fijamente I can gaze out of the window for hours just thinking of nothing. Actually I’m lucky to have a flat with a view of the sea, so I do gaze out of the window quite often. Just gazing out to sea and daydreaming – when I should be working! To daydream is soñar despierto/a.

to stare also means mirar fijamente, but I think it is with more intensity - más intensidad - than to gaze. “Who are you staring at?” ¿A quién estás mirando?

It’s staring you right in the face – Salta a la vista. “She was staring into the distance” - tenía la vista fija en la distancia o miraba fijamente a lo lejos.

The verb to peer P-E-E-R means tratar de ver, esforzarse por ver. To look at something with difficulty.”He peered into the fog, but he couldn’t see anything.” “My grandmother peered at me over the top of her glasses.”

to glance means to look quickly - echarle una ojeada o un vistazo a algo. She glanced at me as I walked past her desk.” “We glanced at each other discreetly.”

to notice is notar, o darse cuenta, o fijarse – “I didn't notice what he was wearing that day.” no me fijé en lo que llevaba ese día – “I noticed some words painted on the wall.” Me fijé en algunas palabras pintadas en la pared.

Sight verbs often have the preposition at. To look at, to gaze at, to stare at, to glance at etc.

The next group of words was connected to the verb to touch. Listen and repeat:

to snatch – arrebater, arrancar – A thief snatched her handbag.

to press – apretar – press the button to turn it on

to grab – agarrar – Can you grab that box for me?

to stroke – acariciar – My cat loves to be stroked.

to tap – dar un golpecito a – The screen is touch-sensitive. Just tap on an icon to open an application.

Next we had the verb to taste with some taste adjectives. How does a lemon taste? A lemon tastes sour.

And sugar? Sugar tastes sweet

Black coffee? Black coffee tastes bitter.

Crisps are papas. In British English, we say crisps for papas. In American English, papas are chips or potato chips. Of course, chips in British English are patatas fritas. How do you say patatas fritas in American English? Fries or French fries. Well they used to say French fries before the Gulf War, and when France refused to support America against Iraq, French fries became Freedom Fries. So I don’t know what they are called in America now. Probably just fries.

Anyway, how do crisps usually taste? Crisps or chips in the USA taste salty.

Indian food, Mexican food, some Thai food taste very spicy. Repeat Spicy. I love spicy food, especially curry. One of the best things in the world is to go to the pub, drink 6 or 7 pints of good English beer and then go for a Curry in a good Indian restaurant. You should try that sometime. It’s good for your English.

And finally, we had four adjectives connected to the sense of smell. Listen and repeat:

scented – perfumado - repeat: scented – a scented candle

fragrant – fragante - repeat: - a fragrant perfume

smelly – que huele mal, maloliente - repeat: smelly feet

stinking – apestoso/a, pestilente - repeat: stinking rubbish

Listen and repeat:

I feel great

It tastes delicious

That smells fantastic

It sounds brilliant

Hey, you look great

He smells disgusting

I never put vinegar on salads. It tastes too sour for me.

She smiled at me, gazed into my eyes and I fell in completely in love with her.

Strong cheese gets really smelly if you leave it out of the fridge too long in the summer.

If I’m too noisy while my dad’s reading the newspaper, he peers over his glasses at me and stares at me until I’m quiet.

To turn on the computer, press the silver button until you see a green light.

You forgot to put the milk back in the fridge. It tastes sour. It must have gone off.

Get your smelly feet off the table immediately!

Would you mind if we went to a different

British and American English pronunciation differences - AIRC81  

If you are a new listener to this podcast, welcome! I'm Craig. This is Reza.
With over 40 years of teaching between us, we'll help you improve your English and take it to the next level.

In this episode: British and American English pronunciation differences

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More podcasts to improve your English at:


Listener Feedback: Elisa, Finland:
Hi again,
I hope you are both well!
Really interesting topic and you gave us many fantastic tips and examples. Thanks. (How to start a conversation and make small talk -
And I'll attempt to remember not trying (to try) to brake the ice by saying " Hi, nice day for it ;) Sorry, but have I met you before? " It definitely would be skating on thin ice ;)

Patreon update: 7 patrons donating (in total) $9.70 per month We need $100 per month to pay for full transcriptions of each episode:
Thanks to our wonderful patrons Daniel Contreras Aladro, Armando Agudelo, Manuel Tarazoma, Arlem Lara, Sara Jarabo, Mamen and My good friend
Corey Finneran from
If you would like to support us on patreon, go to

Email from Ainhoa
What does TO FIGURE OUT mean?
To ‘figure it out’ means to “solve or discover the cause of a problem.”
In British English, I would say ‘work it out” Example: “Don’t worry about lunch tomorrow when your family comes to visit. We’ll figure it out/work it out. We can get a Chinese takeaway.”

“Why are we paying so much money for the electricity bill? I can’t figure it out!” (to figure out = resolver, solucionar)

Hi Reza and Craig,
congratulations for your great job (on your great work)! you've found the perfect combination of learning English and entertainment; I really love your podcasts.
I have pronunciation doubts about the words "tomatoes" and "potatoes" because I've heard different ways of pronunciation of both words, which is the correct one?.
Finally, I send you (I'm sending you) a proverb in English that I've learned in English class when I was at school, it says: "It takes two to make a quarrel".
Thank you again and please, keep on podcasting,

(It takes two to tango - this cannot happen without more than one person)
- When you want to emphasize that both people involved in a difficult situation must accept the blame.
"My friends are getting a divorce and there's a really bad atmosphere between them. It takes two to tango.

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British and American English pronunciation differences

We spoke about British American English in Episode 16 ( )

Vitamin - VIT-a-min (UK); VITE-a-min (US)
Aluminium - al-loo-MIN-ee-um (UK); al-LOO-min-um (US)
Privacy - PRIV-a-see (UK); PRIAV-a-see (US)
schedule - SHED-ual (UK); SKED-ual (US)
Garage - GARE-idge (UK); ga-RAHJ (US)
Advertisement - ad-VERT-iz-ment (UK); AD-ver-tize-ment (US) Brits often shorten this to ADVERT
(Change in stress sometimes: GARE-idge (UK); ga-RAHJ (US), ad-VERT-iz-ment (UK); AD-ver-tize-ment (US), BA-llet (US); baLLET (US), AD-ult (UK); ad-ULT (US)
Herb - HERB (UK); ERB (US)
Oregano - o-re-GA-no (UK); o-RE-ga-no (US)
Water - WAH-ta (UK); WODDER (US) - 'T' in the middle of the word sounds like a 'D' in American English: better, writing, bottom
The 'R' sound at the end of words is stronger in American English: water, mother, teacher, bar, were, chair etc

Sometimes, the letter 'A' is pronounced differently: class, after, example, laugh, can't

...and now it's your turn to practise your English. We want you to practise your pronunciation. Go to and record the list of words in this episode.
It can be in American English or British English pronunciation - or both. We don't mind, as long as you practise your speaking.

Send us an email with a comment or question to or

On next week's episode: Reza and Craig's Christmas Special

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The music in this podcast is by Pitx. The track is called 'See You Later'

English or American?  

Do you ever go blank when you're trying to spell a word? It happens to me occasionally. When it comes to spelling, I have a problem. I have had to learn the Standard American English whilst living in the U.S. for the past 18 years, but, I'm English. That means that when I went to school I learned Standard English which has quite a few differences from that of the U.S. Some of the obvious ones are: color in American English and colour in British English, analyze in American English and analyse in British English, bank in American English and banque in British English. If you look through a list of the spelling differences, you will conclude that British English remains closer to its roots: Greek, Latin, French etc. The American English seems more phonetic, and I suppose, in some ways, is easier. Mind you, English is a bit of a pain anyway. My ten year old, who reads and writes well, still struggles on occasion with spelling. The silent 'e', the silent 'gh', the occasional silent 'p' (as in pneumonia or psychology), and the silent 'k'. "How am I supposed to know all of these spellings, Mum?" was his question. My answer was simply, "Learn the awkward words by heart." Both Standard American and British English share the same difficulties, I'm afraid. The only way to get around them is to consider them part of the beauty and interest of the language......I know, that's easy for me to say, I am English. Really, a language like Spanish is so much easier to learn because it is so phonetic. But, you know, English spelling is not always that easy for me because of this trans-Atlantic 'thing'. I have my own problems knowing when to double an 'l' when adding an 'ing', or whether to use an 's' or a 'z' (or I should say zed). A great web page to check out is: Susan Jone's American vs British spelling differences. I think I'll make a copy of them and stick it on the fridge. Grammar notes: Related expressions: to go blank, when it comes to ...., on occasion, I'm afraid. 1. In the middle of my exam, my mind just went blank. 2. When it comes to playing the piano, he is brilliant. 3. We will, on occasion, have breakfast in the French bakery. 4. They won't be coming to the party, I'm afraid. She called and said she was sick.

May 2010  


Aprender ingles gratis con La Mansion del Ingles. Un podcast para mejorar la gramatica, el vocabulario y la pronunciacion del inglés. Una leccion del ingles con ejemplos y ejercicios.
Learn English free with podcasts from La Mansion del Ingles. Improve your grammar, vocabulary and pronunciation. This English lesson contains examples and exercises.


Podcast Transcription

Hi and welcome to another Mansión Inglés podcast from, recorded for May 2010.

Thank you for all your support on Facebook. We really enjoy reading your comments. It’s a lot of fun for me to have students from so many different countries. Gracias por sus amables palabras sobre el cuaderno del mes pasado. Especialmente en nuestra página de Facebook. Si quieres seguirnos y participar en la página, busca La Mansión del Inglés desde tu cuenta de Facebook.


Let’s continue with the list of irregular verbs that we started last month. Vamos a continuar con la lista de verbos irregulares en inglés que hemos empezado el mas pasado.


¿Qué es el verbo comprar en inglés? To buy Escucha y repite: buy – bought – bought

Next is the verb to catch repeat catch –caught– caught escucha el sonido vocal /au/ caught - caught

El verbo venir en ingles is  to come - come – came – come

costar is to cost the verb to cost doesn’t change in the past or past participle. La forma no cambia escucha: cost – cost – cost

Morder is to bite – bite - bit – bitten

Otro verbo que no cambia es el verbo cortar – to cut repeat: cut – cut – cut. cortar y pegar = cut and paste.

El verbo elegir is to choose – repeat – choose – chose – chosen –again – otra vez -  choose – chose – chosen

Hacer is to do repeat – do or does I do, you do, they do, we do – he does, she does, it does. Repeat: do/does – did - done

Soñar is to dream – There are two possible forms for the past and participle of dream. Hay dos formas posibles  – dream - dreamt DREAMT dreamt or dreamed DREAMED dreamed– dreamt or dreamed Repeat: dream – dreamt – dreamt or dream – dreamed - dreamed

Do you know the verb beber en inglés? ¿Sabes como decir el verbo beber en inglés? It’s to drink repeat: to drink – drink – drank - drunk.

And finally the verb conducir. En inglés to drive. Listen/escucha drive – drove – driven. Repeat: drive – drove - driven


Ahora escucha de nuevo y intenta decir el segundo y tercero forma del verbo antes que lo digo yo.


buy -                bought - bought        

catch -             caught - caught        

come -              came - come             

cost -               cost - cost               

cut -                 cut - cut                  

choose -            chose - chosen         

do -                  did - done                

dream -             dreamt - dreamt        

drink -               drank - drunk            

drive -               drove – driven


Now let’s talk about some verbs we can use to talk about the body and things you do with your body. 


To cough in Spanish is toser. The spelling is really strange: COUGH cough. Yeah I know – English spelling is crazy. It’s mad. No tiene sentido – it makes no sense. Anyway, the pronunciation is cough. It’s also a noun – a cough. I’ve got a bad cough. Repeat. I’ve got a bad cough. People who smoke a lot may have a smoker’s cough. Repeat a smoker’s cough. Have you got a smoker’s cough?

To breathe- BREATHE -  is respirar. Repeat: to breathe. I can’t breathe in here. The noun is breath – BREATH (sin la E). She’s got bad breath.

To yawn is bostezar. If you’re tired and bored during this podcast, you’ll probably be yawning. – to yawn.

Atchooo! - Estornudar – is to sneeze. If you have a cold you’ll probably be sneezing. We can say to catch a cold. Repeat: to catch a cold. What’s the past form of catch?.....caught. Very good! I caught a cold last week. Actually, that’s true. When I went on holiday at Easter I caught a cold. I caught a cold in Navarra.

To sigh – SIGH - suspirar – It’s also a noun. He gave a deep sigh when he saw her.

To snore is – roncar – SNORE. My dad snores really loudly.


OK, I’ll say the Spanish verb and you say the translation before I do. Ready?


toser  - to cough

respirar  - to breathe

bostezar  - to yawn

estornudar – to sneeze

suspirar  - to sigh

roncar - to snore


The following verbs are often used when we talk about food and eating.


Masticar in English is to chew. Chew your food well. Chicle in English is chewing gum.

eructar in English is to burp. In some countries it’s polite to burp after eating. It shows appreciation. Not in the UK though. It’s considered rude (mal educado). That doesn’t stop my sister. She’s always burping.

How do we say tragar in English? - to swallow – Drink water when you swallow the pill. A pill is una pastilla

lamer in English is to lick. Lick ice cream, lick your lips – tus labios. Whenever I see a good chocolate cake I lick my lips.

morder in English is to bite. I’m not going to bite you. No te voy a morder.

chupar in English is to suck. Here’s a joke that you can tell your English teacher (if you have one). “I had a friend who drowned in a bowl of muesli. A strong current sucked him in.” Ask your teacher to explain that one.



Let’s see what you remember. I’ll say the Spanish verb and you say the translation before I do. OK, here we go.


morder - to bite

chupar – to suck

tragar – to swallow

masticar – to chew

lamer – to lick 

eructar – to burp 


Ok, let’s look at some verbs now that are used in connection with the eyes and the face.


parpadear means  to blink. I blinked in the sunlight when I came out of the cinema.

guiñar el ojo – to wink. I winked at a girl in a bar yesterday, but she ignored me. The story of my life. Do you remember suspirar  - to sigh. I have no luck with girls. Maybe I should stop winking at them.

Ruborizarse in English is to blush. I’m very shy (timido). I blush easily. Girls put blusher on their face to make their cheeks (sus mejillas) red. Blusher is make-up (maquillaje)

sonreír abiertamente is to grin - GRIN. She was so happy to see me that she was grinning from ear to ear.

fruncir means to frown. I frowned when I realised we were going to be late again. Why are you frowning? What’s wrong?


Once again, I’m going to say the Spanish verb and I want you to say the English verb before I do. Ready?


parpadear – to blink

guiñar el ojo – to wink

ruborizarse – to blush

sonreír abiertamente – to grin

fruncir – to frown

And I apologise for my bad Spanish pronunciation.


In the business English section this month, there was an exercise to practise prepositions. Prepositions are difficult in English because they are often different from Spanish, so it doesn’t always help to translate.

Listen and repeat the sentences. All of the sentences start with the expression “I’m afraid…” . I’m afraid means Me temo or “I’m sorry, but….”


I'm afraid the manager’s at lunch.

I'm afraid Mr

Giving Advice and Using recommend and suggest in English - AIRC136  

In this episode we're going to help you to make recommendations and suggestions correctly in English.

Más podcasts para mejorar tu ingles en: 

More podcasts to improve your English at: 

Audio feedback: Gabriel from Tijuana Mexico says Hi
Gabriel also wrote a message on the website (I think it's the same Gabriel from Tijuana)

Hi Reza and Craig,
I´m Gabriel from Tijuana Mex, I just want to say thanks for your podcast, the last one was great,
and I need to tell you that the first ones when you started this project where horrible, I feel (felt) that I´m (I was) in a bored (boring) class, but right now they are great!!!!!
My last words for you are, thanks and continue with the podcast, you are amazing guys.
I will continue hearing (listening to) you every time that I can.

Audio Feedback: Adrian sent us an audio message on from Costa Rica - "can we talk about the word THE and when to use it"

We spoke about The definite and indefinite article, A, AN, THE, ZERO with Bea in Episode 41 ( )

Email Feedback: Francisco Espínola Sanchez from Úbeda, Jaen
Hi friends, how is it going?
The aim of this e-mail is to share some ideas and experiences with the listeners.
For example, for the last three months I have been working on my English improvement in a different way.
Neither academies, nor boring grammar books, nor that kind of stuff.
Now I just do three activities: listening to podcasts intensively, reading English literature and occasionally, doing language exchange (using skype or head to head (face to face), when it´s possible).
I carry on listening to your podcast loyally, every week. What´s more, I have found some interesting podcasts.
One is Luke´s English podcast, who is friend of yours, isn´t he?
This one requires some effort at the beginning, as Luke speaks faster than you, but it´s worth trying it.
I would say that AIRC (Aprender Inglés con Reza y Craig) is more academic and Luke is somehow like a TV comedian, so both podcasts together are the perfect team!
This way, I can get at least three new episodes or so every week, so I keep continuously active.
In combination with bilingual books, this method is really working to (for) me, I feel my English improving one day after another, so I would encourage the AIRC listeners community to try it.
In my case, I am learning without noticing it at all! I have got the FCE and the next target is the CAE!

By the way, do you know Úbeda?? It´s an UNESCO world heritage city in the province of Jaén (I am consciously promoting tourism for my hometown :)
Well, sorry for the endless e-mail (and for mistakes) and thank you very much for your commitment, have a big hug!!

Francisco recommends (listening to) Luke’s podcast. He suggests we listen to it.

Luke's English Podcast:
Inglés Diario Chris Gollop:
David Palencia - Daway Inglés:

I hear a lot of mistakes with the verbs to recommend and to suggest from my Spanish students

You CANNOT say:
XI suggested him to listen to our podcast.X

With SUGGEST (proponer/sugerir) we can say:

I suggest (that) he listens to our podcast.
I suggest (that) he listen to our podcast (no 3rd person singular “s” = subjunctive - more common in formal American English)
I suggested listening to our podcast

There are 2 more formal and less common constructions that may be tested in an advanced exam:
I suggested him/Paul listening to our podcast
I suggested Paul’s/his (possessive=very formal) listening to our podcast

With RECOMMEND (aconsejar, recomendar) we can say:

I recommended him to listen to our podcast. (XYou can't say "I suggested him to listen....X)
I recommended (that) he listen/listens to our podcast.
I recommended (him/his/Paul/Paul’s) listening to our podcast
I recommended that he should listen to our podcast

I recommend hiring a builder to do up your flat rather than trying to do it up yourself.
I suggest you get a few quotes and compare prices before you make a choice.

I’d like to recommend some YouTube channels to you:
Simple English Videos - Vicki Hollett:
Learn English with Papa Teach Me:
Amigos Ingleses - Philip and Isabel:

Daily videos posted on our Facebook page:

Other ways of making suggestions and giving advice

Why don’t you…….? (+infinitive without ‘to’)
What/How about…..? (+gerund/noun)
You could (always)….(+infinitive without ‘to’)
It's a good idea to....(+infinitive) "It's a good idea to subscribe to our newsletter at ( )
You might want to…..(+infinitive) "You might want to subscribe to this podcast."
Perhaps you could/should….(+infinitive without ‘to’)
Have you thought about…? / have you considered….? / Have you tried….? (+gerund/noun)
If I were you, I’d...(+infinitive without ‘to’)
One thing you could do is…..(+infinitive without ‘to’)
Shall I/we…..? (+infinitive without ‘to’) NB. Only possible with “I/we”
Do you fancy……? (+gerund/noun) - "Do you fancy a cup of tea?"
Have you tried….? (+gerund/noun) "Have you tried carob chocolate?" (carob = algarroba)

Giving strong advice:
You should…
You’d better…
You must / have to….

Asking for advice

What should I do?
What do you suggest?
What do you advise me to do?
What's your advice? (‘advise’ is a verb, ‘advice’ is a noun)
If you were me, what would you do?

What problems are you facing at the moment?

Changing from a paper diary to a digital one.
Saying no to new projects (time management)

getting used to wearing new glasses
Putting on weight around his belly
Breathing too loudly into the microphone

...and now it's your turn to practise your English. Do you have a question for us or an idea for a future episode?
Send us a voice message and tell us what you think. 

Send us an email with a comment or question to or

If you would like more detailed shownotes, go to 

Our lovely sponsors are:
Lara Arlem
Carlos Garrido
Zara Heath Picazo
Juan Leyva Galera
Sara Jarabo
Corey Fineran from Ivy Envy Podcast
Manuel García Betegón
Jorge Jiménez
Raul Lopez
Daniel Contreras Aladro
Manuel Tarazona
Mariel Riedemann

On next week's episode: How to Tell a Story in English

Más podcasts para mejorar tu ingles en: 

More podcasts to improve your English at: 

The music in this podcast is by Pitx. The track is called 'See You Later'













AEE 279 Part 3: BE in English to Develop Bulletproof Confidence with Mo Riddiford  

Are you looking for an authentic English conversation?

In Part 3 of today’s episode, Mo will show you three ways to develop authentic, bulletproof confidence when you speak English with his unique method!


In Part 1 and 2 of this episode, Lindsay and Mo had an authentic English conversation and analyzed what worked, and what didn’t.  Now, in Part 3, Mo discusses Be in English, his method for learning how to have the best conversations possible in English.


Here are the main principles of the Be in English system:

1. If you know enough English to listen to this podcast, you can discuss anything in English!  By using creativity, you are capable of joining a conversation and having a voice.

2. Be aware of your self-consciousness and shame about not speaking perfect English.  Accept it, realize that your English will never be “perfect,” but don’t get too close to the idea.

3. Work with “naked listening.”  That is, listen closely to a recording of English.  Listen several times if necessary until you can distinguish every sound.  Practicing this will change your orientation to listening.


You can find and work with Mo Riddiford and his Be in English system on italki.


What do you think about the Be in English system?

Share your thoughts in the comments section below!

AEE 234: One Way to Stop Thinking Too Hard When You Learn English  

Are you nervous about speaking English?

Are you looking for a way around it?

Today, Lindsay and Michelle share a story about one student who overcame his fear of speaking English by being an expert at something else!


Taking IELTS?

Get our free IELTS video training course now


An English student in an American business course had little confidence in his English abilities.  But when the other students in his course discovered that he understood their subject better than any of them, he was asked to be their tutor.  Of course, they wanted him to tutor them in English.

This turned out much better than expected.  As a tutor, he had to be in the moment and focused.  He couldn’t worry about his inhibitions or nervousness, or making mistakes.  And because of this, he was able to take control.


Are you looking for a professional, native English teacher online?

Get a native English teacher online in seconds at italki.

We recommend italki as our #1 English-learning solution online. Choose from more than 400 teachers to work on your business English or to pass your next big exam.

Get our special offer before it runs out! Go to italki and claim 10USD to go toward a FREE English lesson!


A classroom is a safe place to learn English, but you are expected not to make mistakes, and so you must focus on your own perfection rather than connection.  Connecting with others is more natural.  Try to get out of the classroom and overcome your inhibitions.


How do you practice English outside the classroom?

Does it help make you less self-conscious about speaking English?

Let us know in the comments section below!

AEE 198: Are You an English Amateur or Pro?  

Taking IELTS?

Get our free IELTS video training

Are you an English amateur or a pro?

Today we talk about the work from author Steven Pressfield and what it means for your English learning.


Who’s a Pro?

The pro artist or English learner or entrepreneur will show up every day and will do the work.

He will move past the thoughts that tend to make him get side-tracked.

The pro is present in his studies and his work. He doesn’t repeat negative thoughts or make excuses.

Are you a pro when it comes to learning English?


Who’s an Amateur?

He  might make excuses for not being fluent in English.

The amateur might decide that his lack of English skills is because he doesn’t have a good teacher, or good resources, or the right opportunities.

Are you an amateur English learner?


Can’t find native speakers to practice English with you?

Can’t get corrected your English corrected by your native-speaking friends?

Get a professional, native English teacher in seconds at italki.

For a limited time, italki is offering 10 USD in free English lessons. Click here to get your 10USD in italki credits before this offer runs out!



Tell us in the comments!

Are you an English amateur or an English pro?


Can you share a strategy to help other AEE listeners “turn pro”?




AEE 197: Who Pays for Lunch When You're Out with English Speakers?  

Taking IELTS?

Get our free IELTS video course now

Do you know who pays for lunch when you go out with English speakers?

This might be a source of serious confusion for you if you are making the mistake of translating the word "invite" from your native language to English!

Today you'll learn how to avoid one of the most awkward possible misunderstandings when you go out for lunch!

Today is number 7 of our Top 15 Fixes to Tune up Your Porsche!


Are You Ready to Practice? Get a Private, Native English Teacher Now!

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What does it mean when you "invite" someone out for dinner or for lunch?

The verb "invite" just means to extend an invitation to someone to go out and do something together. It does NOT mean that you will pay for the person's meal.

Are you translating this verb and its meaning from your native language into English?

A lot of people make this mistake!

In English when we invite someone to dinner we aren't sure who is going to pay.


If you do want to pay for someone you can say:

"I've got this" "I got this" "Let me get this" "This one's on me" "I'll take this" "Don't worry about it. I've got this"



Other Entries in the 15 Fixes Series:

Episode 165: Listen or Hear?

Episode 169: Speak, Talk, Tell and Say?

Episode 173: Wish vs. Hope

Episode 177: Talking About Age in English

Episode 181: Future Tense in English

Episode 185: Interested or Interesting?

Episode 189: Talking About the Past


How do you deal with paying for the bill in your culture?

Is it ok to refuse when someone offers to pay for you or should you accept?

How do you think your culture is different from American culture in this sense?

Leave us a message in the comments and let's have a conversation!

AEE 138: Ana Luiza from Ingles Online Gives You 3 Tips to Learn English Without Traveling Abroad  

Do you ever feel frustrated because you can’t travel to an English-speaking country to learn English?

Today we have Ana Luiza from Ingles Online.

She is going to offer you three tips to make it work from home.


3 Ways to Learn English from Home:

Don’t only read, start with audio: Don’t invest too much time in just reading if you don’t know the sounds of English. It’s common for people to start with just reading but they don’t use the audio to go with what they are reading. These students end up having strange pronunciation because they use the sounds of their native language. If you do this, it will be a huge waste of time. Listen to things that you understand: Start with English audio that you understand but can’t use quite yet. Don’t focus your time on English that you don’t understand. Once you understand something once, you need to see it again and again and review it. You need to see it used in different contexts and see it being used by different people. It takes time to acquire the language. It’s a process.  Don’t jump ahead and skip over words that you think you already know. Start small: If you are busy and don’t have a lot of time consume English in small chunks. Fifteen minutes a day is great.  Take small steps. Listen to English while you are doing something else like cooking.

Ana Luiza has shown us that it is possible to get better at English even if you can’t travel to an English-speaking country.

Go get started with some of these tips and techniques today!


Ana Luiza’s Bio:

Ana Luiza Bergamini is the founder of,  a website that teaches English to Portuguese speakers with a focus on comprehension and speaking, and features weekly tips and a podcast, and a multimedia course of basic English.

Ana has taught English for over ten years and she now lives in London, UK.


Talk to us in the comments!

Have you tried using any of these tips?

How did they work?

Mansion Ingles Podcast July 2013 - Aprende gramatica y vocabulario ingles  

Aprender ingles gratis con La Mansion del Ingles. Un podcast para mejorar la gramatica, el vocabulario y la pronunciacion del ingles. Una leccion del ingles con ejemplos y ejercicios.

Learn English free with podcasts from La Mansion del Ingles. Improve your grammar, vocabulary and pronunciation. This English lesson contains examples and exercises.

Hello once again and welcome to another Mansion Ingles podcast. This is podcast number 63 recorded for July 2013.

Este mes, en el nivel básico practicamos los adverbios de frecuencia como always sometimes, never etc.  

En el nivel intermedio enfocamos en las frases condicionales, los 'if' sentences y tenemos más ejemplos del vocabulario de la personalidad - character and personality.

In the advanced section, we practise more advanced collocations, and there's business vocabulary as usual, and a translation exercise all to help you improve your English and take it to the next level.

En los podcasts mensuales hablamos de los temas, vocabulario y ejercicios que salen en nuestro cuaderno mensual. Así podáis practicar la pronunciación y repasar el material del cuaderno. Si quieres recibir gratis el cuaderno cada mes, ver la trascripción de este podcast o leer los anteriores, vete a y sigue los enlaces en la página principal.

Ok, let's start then with el nivel básico. y los adverbios de frecuencia - adverbs of frequency. Voy a decir algunos adverbios en español, y tu dices la traducción en inglés antes que lo digo yo. Luego, repite la palabra en inglés para practicar la pronunciación. Ready? - ¿Listo?

siempre - always

casi siempre - almost always

a menudo, frecuentemente - often

generalmente, normalmente - usually (normally)

a veces - sometimes  

pocas veces, casi nunca - rarely (hardly ever)

nunca - never

Very good! ¡Muy bien! Ahora, escucha y repite algunos ejemplos con los adverbios anteriores:

Escucha: I always have breakfast. Nota como el I y el always se juntan con un sonido en medio - I always. es el sonido /y/ como en las palabras yes, yesterday, yellow. Escucha y repite: always - yalways - Iyalways - I always have breakfast - I always have breakfast.

Escucha: I never go shopping by bus. Repite: by bus - go shopping - go shopping by bus - I never go shopping by bus - I never go shopping by bus.

Escucha: I sometimes read magazines. Repite: magazines - read magazines - I sometimes read magazines - I sometimes read magazines.

Escucha: I rarely see English films. Repite: English films. - see English films - rarely - rarely - I rarely see - I rarely see English films. - I rarely see English films.

Escucha: I often do exercise. Repite: do exercise. - often - often - I often do exercise. - I often do exercise.

Escucha: I almost always have lunch at home. Repite: at home. - have lunch - have lunch at home. - almost always - almost always - I almost always have lunch at home. Nota que aquí también entre el I y el almost existe otra sonido /y/ Escucha: Iyalmost - Repite: Iyalmost - I almost always - I almost always - I almost always have lunch at home.

Escucha: I hardly ever go to the cinema. Repite: the cinema. - go to the cinema. - hardly ever - la /h/ no se dice desde la garganza. No se dice "ch" hardly se dice /h/ hardly imaginate que estas limpiando las gafas. Escucha. /h/. Repite. /h/ hardly - hardly - hardly ever - hardly ever -  I hardly ever go to the cinema. - I hardly ever go to the cinema.

Escucha: I don't usually have coffee. Repite: have coffee. (nota que se dice have coffee y no take a coffee. Tomar un cafe en inglés es have coffee.) Repite: have coffee - usually have coffee - I don't - I don't usually have coffee. - I don't usually have coffee.

Escucha: I sometimes speak English. Repite: speak English. - I sometimes speak English. - I sometimes speak English.

Escucha: I never speak French. Repite: speak French.- I never speak French - I never speak French

Escucha: I rarely leave home before 8. Repite: rarely - rarely - I  rarely - I rarely leave home - I rarely leave home before 8.00. - before 8.00. - I rarely leave home before 8.00. - I rarely leave home before 8.00.

Escucha: I often get up before 7. Repite: before 7 - get up - get up before 7. - I often (también aquí hay este sonido raro en medio). Escucha: Iyoften. Repite: Iyoften - I often get up - I often get up before 7. - I often get up before 7.


Ok, moving on to the intermediate section, we practised some conditional 'if' sentences. Listen:

If I get home before 6, I’ll start making the dinner. Repeat: making the dinner. - I’ll start making the dinner. - If I get home before 6, - If I get home before 6, I’ll start making the dinner. - If I get home before 6, I’ll start making the dinner.

Listen: If it doesn’t stop snowing, the flight might be cancelled. Repeat: might be cancelled. - the flight might be cancelled. - If it doesn’t stop snowing, the flight might be cancelled. - If it doesn’t stop snowing, the flight might be cancelled.

Listen: If we don’t hurry, we’ll miss the last train. Repeat: the last train - we’ll miss the last train. - If we don’t hurry, we’ll miss the last train. - If we don’t hurry, we’ll miss the last train.

Listen: If he doesn’t work harder, he won’t make any commission. Repeat: make any commission. - he won’t make any commission. - If he doesn’t work harder, he won’t make any commission. - If he doesn’t work harder, he won’t make any commission.

Listen: If the film starts at 7, we’ll have time for dinner. Repeat: we’ll have time for dinner. - If the film starts at 7, we’ll have time for dinner - If the film starts at 7, we’ll have time for dinner

Listen: If I help you, will you do me a favour? Repeat:

do me a favour? - will you do me a favour? - If I help you, will you do me a favour? - If I help you, will you do me a favour?     

Listen: If you aren’t very hungry, I’ll only make a salad. Repeat: make a salad. - I’ll only make a salad. - If you aren’t very hungry, I’ll only make a salad. - If you aren’t very hungry, I’ll only make a salad.

¡Muy bien! ¡Bien hecho! - Very very good!

Now, also in the intermediate section this month we studied some adjectives of character and personality. Vamos a ver si recuerdas el vocabulario.

What do you call a person who doesn’t notice what is happening around her/him and who very often forgets things? This kind of person is - absent-minded - despistado. Repeat: absent-minded. My dad's very absent-minded. He's always forgetting things. Actually, my girlfriend says the same thing about me. She says I'm absent-minded. You're as absent-minded as your dad!", she says. We can say in English "Like father, like son." which means you're the same as your dad. You're just like your dad. Repeat: Like father, like son.

What's the name in English for someone who believes in his/her own values and abilities. - self-confident. Repeat: self-confident. Self-confident is the adjective. He's a very self-confident young man. What's the noun? self-confidence. Repeat: self-confidence - He's got a lot of self-confidence. He's full of self-confidence.

A person who shows good sense and judgement. A practical and logical person is sensible. He's very sensible he's got a lot of sense. He's a sensible boy.

Someone who is difficult to please because they only like a few things, or they like things in a particular way and will only accept exactly what they want is... fussy. Repeat: fussy. I'm quite fussy with some things. My mum's very fussy with her food. Do you say 'especial' in Spanish? Ella es muy especial con la comida - She's really fussy. Repeat: she's really fussy. She's such a fussy girl. She won't eat any vegetables.

What do you call someone who will listen to you. A person who's ready to understand you and help you? This kind of person is sympathetic. Repeat: sympathetic. She's very sympathetic. What's the noun of sympathetic? Sympathy. I have absolutely no sympathy for you.

Next, this type of person is determined and will not change her/his point of view even if he/she is wrong. Stubborn (tozudo). Repeat: stubborn. He's a stubborn man - my boss is so stubborn. He never admits being wrong or making a mistake. A similar word is

Independent English Learning | The Effortless English Show  

Did you know that you can take six, seven or even eight years of English class and still not know how to speak English? So what are you learning in English class? You are learning how to follow the rules and do what you are supposed to do. But when you get out of class, you no longer have someone telling you how to study English. You no longer have someone telling you to take a test, study, practice your English.

I'm not here to tell you exactly what to do. I am not your boss. I don't want to be your boss. I want to be your friend. I want to be your guide. Your coach, your coach who encourages you to be a great performer. Your coach who encourages you, motivates you, to be stronger, to be an independent learner, to have success independently, to get what you want from life, not what I want you, for you.

One of our important values in Effortless English is self-reliance. Self-reliance. It's an important value. It means, basically, trust yourself. Trust, believe that you are smart enough. You are good enough. You can make your own decisions. You are your own boss. You are the boss of your learning. You are the boss of your life. Not me. Not some other teacher.

In this episode of the Effortless English Show, I share with you easy ways to improve your English reading and English speaking. I share with you the types of books you can read and techniques you can incorporate to improve your English. Most importantly I share with ways to take your power back and have the confidence to know you have what it takes to speak and read English fluently!!

You can get a free text transcript of this episode at

Starting and Ending Emails, El Subjuntivo en inglés, Avoid and Prevent and more of your questions answered - AIRC93  

If you are a new listener to this award-winning podcast, welcome!
With over 40 years of teaching between us, Reza and Craig will help you improve your English and take it to the next level.

In this episode: Your questions answered: How to start and finish emails, the English ‘subjuntivo’, the difference between ‘avoid’ and ‘prevent’ and more of your questions and comments.


Más podcasts para mejorar tu ingles en: 

More podcasts to improve your English at: 

Thanks to our good friend Javier for the olive oil.

How to start and finish emails

Reza responds to emails using a similar level of formality (or informality) as the person who sends the email.


Beginning a formal email:

Dear John, Mr. Smith (Mrs/Miss/Ms) - Yours Sincerely,

miss - single
mrs.- married
ms - single or married

Dear Sir/Madam - Yours Faithfully,

Hi, Good morning/afternoon/evening (Reza would not choose these greetings for formal emails unless the other person used them first)

Reza is a bit of a stickler (stickler - rigorista, insistente)

Ending a formal email:

Best wishes, All the best, Warm regards, Best regards, Kind regards,

I look forward to/I'm looking forward to + (verb) + ing (Reza would choose not to use contractions, like "I'm", in a formal email).

Reza and Craig both agree that it's better to be more formal in exam emails and letters.

It's always better to be more formal than to risk offending someone by being too informal.


Beginning an informal email:

Hi, Hello, How's it going? What's up? Hey there! G'day (Australian greeting)

Ending an informal email:

Love, Lots of love, hugs, Cheers! kisses, see you soon!
Thanks,See you Tuesday,
Until Friday,

Feedback: Javier from Burgos

Javier found us around episode 44 and went back to Nº1. Now he needs more than one episode per week because he's listened to all of them!
I'm used to listening to a daily podcast of you (must be true, he said "listening TO"!), If I were the President of the Government I would declare your podcasts "of national interest"
and I would enact a law forcing you to release a podcast every day. Poor Craig and Reza!

A doubt I sometimes have is trouble translating our Spanish "subjuntivo" into English.

Certain expressions are clear to me, such as the typical "verb + pronoun + to inf" (I told you to come earlier), and some others such as using certain verbs with the bare infinitive (recommend, suggest):
I recommend that you study more /It is recommended that you study more.

My doubt is with other examples apart from the aforementioned, such as: "No creo que vaya a la fiesta" = I don't think I go / will go to the party. Which one is correct? Both?

Besides, concerning the examples with the bare infinitive, I think that with some verbs there is only that possibility, I mean: "I recommend that you go the party" is OK but you can't say "I recommend you to go to the party".

But with other verbs, are both possibilities allowed?. For instance: "I asked that Mark submit his assignment" MAYBE YOU ASKED MARK’S TUTOR TO ASK MARK TO SUBMIT IT and "I asked Mark to submit his assignment". YOU ASKED MARK DIRECTLY

So, my enquiry is: which verbs are only used with the bare infinitive and which verbs can be used with both structures?.

Best regards from Burgos,

Nobody really agrees what the subjunctive is and when it should be used. Many grammar books and English teachers disagree.

The past subjunctive is the same as the past indicative. The exception is the verb TO BE: I were, you were, he/sh/it were (for example, as used in the second conditional "If I WERE you, I would.....")

The present subjunctive is the same as the past subjunctive, except for the 3rd person 's' which is sometimes (but not always) removed: "I recommend he TRAVEL without any luggage."

The present subjunctive is more common in American English than British English.

The present subjunctive of the verb TO BE is 'BE' for all forms of the verb (I BE, you BE, he/she/it BE etc).

Example, "If there be any reason why this man and woman should not be married....."

Some verbs which can take the subjunctive include:

advise - "Passengers are advised that the 5:15 train to Swindon has been cancelled." / "I advise that he NOT go there." (negative subjunctive)

ask - "I ask that he accompany us." / I ask that you put the gun down on the floor, sir."

demand - "I demand that you give back the money."

insist - "We insist that all passengers check in before 6pm."

propose - "I propose we meet after dinner for a cocktail."

recommend - "I recommend that students not write on their question paper."

request - "We request that all guests remove their muddy boots before entering the lobby."

suggest - "I suggest that we have a break for coffee after this podcast."

Some expressions sometimes go with, or use, the subjunctive:

It's a good idea....... - "It's a good idea that she stay (subjunctive) / stays (indictative) behind."

"God save the Queen." / "Long live the Queen."


Audio feedback: Antonio Prieto from Cadiz (thank you for your podcast) - XI've been hearing youX - listening to you.

Here's some audio feedback from Antonio Prieto.

Another question we have been asked, and I'm sorry, I can't remember who asked us this, but it's about the two verbs 'avoid' and 'prevent'.

What’s the difference between to avoid (evitar, esquivar) and to prevent (prevenir, evitar)?

To prevent is to take action to stop something before it starts. To avoid is to just stay away from something. (more active / engagement/deployment to stop something happening???)
"My dad prevented me from going to the rave." (prevent someone FROM doing something)
Example: Getting the flu shot would be prevention, hiding in your home and not having contact with anyone until the end of flu season would be avoidance.
"I avoided speaking to John" - (avoid + gerund)

Listener Feedback: Javier G from the Basque country - audio feedback - not because he says how much he likes the podcast, but because he is practising his English.
(listen TO you, Good use of present perfect 'I've downloaded all your podcasts', 'I've learned a lot of English with you.' and 'do sport' (not Xpractise sportX)

Italki ad read: Feedback from Mamen from our sponsor italki
Convenient (learning at home, technology)
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Personal, Customized (personalized learning) Human Connection (not apps / software)


Paloma from Segovia
Good morning Craig and Reza,
My name is Paloma and I live in Segovia.
I listened to your podcast just a month ago when I luckily came across them looking for some listenings and I must say you two are doing a wonderful work (a wonderful job) which I am very grateful for.
Now, making profit of your kindness (taking advantage of), I wonder if you could clarify this sentence: "I hope you don't mind my asking", which I believe is correct, instead of "I hope you don't mind me asking" or "I hope you don't mind if I ask", ....
I am not sure which one is best, I always use the first one though, and when and how to use it.
Thank you in advance.
P.S. If (OR- NOT BOTH-) whenever you happen to come to Segovia, please let me know. I will be delighted to show you my little but beautiful town.
Kisses. Paloma


Audio Feedback Maria Jose - Past Perfuct Continuous - episode 91 with Mike: ( )

Emilia - Email
Me podrian aclarar unas dudas por favor?
Cómo es correcto decir:

1."I turn 16 this Sunday." or "I am turning 16 this Sunday." (Present simple is better - (used here for timetabled events and schedules in the future. Another example; "The train leaves at 6pm" - fixed future time).

(“I will turn…” is also possible. Future simple for a future fact)

2."The festival starts in the evening." (Present simple - fixed future time) or "The festival is starting in the evening." (Present continuous - Future plan/arrangement)
Both are correct. Also, “The festival is going to start…” (to be going to+INFIN. - Future intention is also possible)

For our 100th episode please send us your 'wins'. How has English helped you. "Because of my English............." (got a better job or a promotion, ordered a pizza in London, made friends with an English speaker....). Send us a voice message: - speakpipe

Send us an email with a comment or question to or On next week's episode: Commonly mispronounced words

The music in this podcast is by Pitx. The track is called 'See You Later'


Más podcasts para mejorar tu ingles en: 

More podcasts to improve your English at: 



False Friends - AIRC64  

If you are a new listener to this podcast, welcome! I'm Craig. This is Reza. We are English teachers 

With over 40 years of teaching between us, and in this podcast we'll help you improve your English and take it to the next level.

For more podcasts to improve your English, go to

In this episode: False Friends (falso amigo/falso cognado - amigo fingido) - "A word that appears to be related to another, but it isn't."

Listener Feedback: Manuel (email)

Friends Craig and Reza

I am a lifelong student of the English language. In the future perhaps I'll go to an English-speaking country to finally learn it.

-I have been to many academies, met many professors, and different methods and none of them satisfied me.

-But now I'm happy because I found the duet "Craig and Reza", who represent the autentic way of teaching English,

 listening and grammar at the same time. CONGRATULATIONS. You are magnificent. I hope quickly a section for Pronunciation.(I hope you will have a section on pronunciation)

-I am a new follower through the monthly newsletter INGLESPODCAST, perhaps the most veteran student - eight two years old-but with great enthusiasm.

-In conclusion, I ask several questions.         

1. Where (day and Time) I may hear directly inglespodcast? - We do not broadcast the podcast live, but we publish a new episode every Sunday evening at about 8pm (Spanish time).

2. What is the actual translation of Podcast? - It is a combination of the words POD (from Apple's 'ipod' and CAST from the word 'broadcast' (emisión, transmisión)

3. What is the translation of the word PATREON? - Patreon is a company on the internet that helps people create art, music, film, dance ect (and, in our case, podcasts). It has a conection with the word 'patron' (patrocinador o rsponsor)

4. About Patreon I agree with the payment of 1 euro monthly - If you would like to sponsor us, you can go to and sign up for the Patreon program.

5. How is the payment made? - On the Patreon webpage, you write your name, email address and credit card details. You can also donate with the PayPal system.

6. After ALL the prepositions with OF, the verb in gerund going? (Does the gerund always follow the preposition 'of'?) The verb is always in the gerund form after EVERY PREPOSITION. This is one of the rules in English.

- Thank you very much for your attention.  Don't falter - Many people trust in you - DO A GOOD JOB"

Manuel, it's a pleasure for us to have you as a listener and Reza and I are very happy that we can help you improve your English a little (and maybe entertain you as well!).

Vocabulary: False Friends

What's a false friend?

Words in two languages that look or sound similar, but are different in meaning. An example is "embarrassed" (avergonzado) and "embarazada" (pregnant), 

sensible - sensitive

librería - bookshop

propaganda - advertising (propaganda in English is biased information to promote certain ideas)

beneficio - profit

blando - soft (soso - bland)

reclamar - to complain

recuperar - to reclaim

carrera - race, degree course (NOT a career)

actual - current, present, contemporary - The current (or present) economic situation is a disaster. - La situación económica actual es desastrosa.

 (actual in English means real - "This film is based on actual events")

actualmente - presently, currently, these day

de hecho - actually, in fact

discutir - argue (not discuss)

(estar constipado) - (to have) a cold - constipation in English is estreñimiento. If you're constipated you are blocked.

embarazada - pregnant (embarrassed - avergonzado , I'm embarrassed - Me da vergüenza)

éxito - success (not the way out - salida)

sucesos - incidents, events 

extranjero - foreign/foreigner - not strange or stranger (although a lot of foreigners are strange, especially the British who live on the Costa Blanca and the Costa del Sol!)

tiempo - time/weather 

pretender - intend (tener la intención de) I intend to go on a diet, starting tomorrow. - Tengo la intención de hacer regimen a partir de mañana.

pretend (to do something) - to act like - hacer parecer que, simular, fingir - "He pretended to eat her ice cream." - Hizo parecer que se comía el helado.

reunión - meeting (a reunion in English is a meeting of friends or family after a long time - ¿reencuentro?) - a school reunion, a family reunion

la moto - the motorbike, el motor - the motor, the engine

simpático - pleasant, likeable - Reza es un hombre muy simpático. - He's a very likeable man. (sympathetic in English means compasivo, empático)

- They were sympathetic but could not help." Estaban de nuestra parte pero no podían ayudarnos. / He wasn't in the least sympathetic." - No mostró compasión alguna.

cook - cocinero/a

cooker - estufa, fogón, cocina, horno

un militar - a soldier (the military - fuerzas armadas)

un uniforme militar - a military uniform

If you want to get in touch (contact us) go to

On next week's episode: Vegetables


The music in this podcast is by Pitx. The track is called 'See You Later' 




Learn English Magazine is Here - Special Announcement from  

I have some very exciting news to announce today: now has an app on the Apple and Android app stores. It’s called Learn English Magazine, and it’s free!

Learn English Magazine includes some of the best material from our website, plus several new ways to improve your English, including videos, cartoons, and articles that you can only find in the magazine.

Every regular issue is free.

Apple users can download the app and subscribe here.

Android users (4.1 or later operating system) can download and subscribe here.

There are already four cool issues for you to download and enjoy. We’ll be publishing the magazine every two weeks.

To my knowledge, Learn English Magazine is the only free magazine app for learning English on either the Apple or Android app stores, so be sure to share the news with your friends, family, and coworkers.

Also in the magazine is the opportunity to sign up for a new special report I’ve written with information on how to improve your English, called “5 Things You MUST Know to Improve Your English.” To get the special report and additional tips on improving your English speaking and listening, download the magazine app, subscribe, and look for the special report offer inside the magazine.

If you have ever wondered how you should go about improving your English quickly, then you should read this special report, which you can only get in the magazine.

Here are some of the item in our latest issue (Issue #4):
>Videos: Fling, Cast, or Toss?
> My Life in English: The Catcher in the Rye and the American Teenager
> Vocabulary: Why Having Convictions is Not the Same as Being a Convict
> Business English: Selling on the Internet
> Warren Ediger’s America: California’s Beauty in the Work of John Muir
> Life in the U.S.: Why Dumb People Call the Police
> Last Laugh: No Strings Attached (Cartoon)

Oh, and if you have time after you download the app, I would really appreciate it if you could write a review in your country’s app store. The review does not need to be in English, and it would really help us get the word out (let other people know) about the new magazine.


AEE 201: Finally Solve Your Confusion with "Will" and "Going to"  

Come back to our website for more

When you’re talking about the future in English, should you use “will” or “going to”?

Today, in #6 of the Top 15 Fixes, we discuss the correct way to tell others what you want to do, whether in the immediate future or many years from now!


"Will" and "going to" are interchangeable in meaning, but native English speakers tend to use them for slightly different purposes.


Will is often used in the context of a big plan or dream, often in the far future:

I will get married, eventually. “Someday, people will live on Mars.”


However, Will can also be used if you have just spontaneously made a decision, at this very moment, or for promises:

“Maybe I will go out to lunch.” “I will always love you.”


Going to is used for more specific decisions about your immediate future:

“I’m gonna (going to) go biking tomorrow.” “She’s going to call later tonight.”


Are You Ready to Practice? Get a Private, Native English Teacher Now!

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These rules are general. Remember, there are exceptions, and native speakers can be inconsistent.  The best way to learn is to get out and hear native English speakers, and use the language the way you hear it spoken.


Other Entries in the 15 Fixes Series:

Episode 165: Listen or Hear? Episode 169: Speak, Talk, Tell and Say? Episode 173: Wish vs. Hope Episode 177: Talking About Age in English Episode 181: Future Tense in English Episode 185: Interested or Interesting? Episode 189: Talking About the Past Episode 193: How to Borrow Money Episode 197: Who Pays for Lunch?


What will you do in the future?

What are you going to do?

Tell us about it in the comments section below!

AEE 140: Three Pro Tips on How to Start Your Presentation in English with Carl Kwan  

Taking IELTS?

Get our free IELTS video training course

Do you have to make presentations in English sometimes?

Do you know how to start your presentation in English?

Today you’ll find out 3 awesome tips from our guest Carl Kwan!

Carl has been on our show a few times this year!

He is a presentation expert and he told us why it’s important to know your audience when you present and how to end your English presentation.

Today he’s here to show you how to get your presentation started!


3 Ways to Start your Presentation in English:

Start with a surprising fact: After you state the interesting or surprising fact, tell people what they should do with it. This gets their attention and this makes it easy for you to show them what they are going to learn. This is a more effective way to start than saying your name or “thanks for coming to my presentation.” Use a story: Talk about what you were doing at a specific time when you thought about your presentation topic. For example, “Recently I was having a conversation with a friend when she told me about a really interesting method she is using to learn English.” With this strategy you should use a time reference. Talk about a situation and the action that was going on at the time. Use the word “when.” Using “when” is a good way to introduce the topic that you are about to talk about. This will get your audience interested. Use a question to talk about a problem and your solution: Start by asking “have you ever…?” Then say, “well, here’s…” Here is an example from Carl: “Have you ever wondered how you can use CNN to learn English? Well here’s a 5-step process for using CNN to learn English.” To do this you have to know your audience and your question has to speak to them.


Carl Kwan is a presentations, video and marketing consultant with an MBA who also has over 10 years experience as an ESL teacher.

Carl was born in Hong Kong and immigrated to Vancouver, Canada at age 3. Like many immigrants, his parents always struggled with English.

This eventually led him to pursue teaching English to help people like his mom and dad.

Since 2009 he has produced presentations videos. Currently, his YouTube Channel has more than 120 videos on presentations.


Carl lives in Seoul, South Korea with his wife and son. He offers presentations workshops and consulting, he produces live and animated videos for business owners and works as a professional voice actor and radio personality.

He believes that everyone deserves a chance at success. To learn more about Carl, please visit his website at, check out his videos on YouTube or connect with him on LinkedIn.

Here is Carl’s most recent website: Carl’s English

And check out his photos on Instagram at  


Have you tried any of these techniques?

How did it work? Let us know!

Do you feel confident when you present in English?

AEE 122: Luke’s ENGLISH Podcast and How to Be Funny in English  

Taking IELTS?

Get our free IELTS video training now!

Today you’ll meet Luke from Luke’s English Podcast! Luke is a funny guy and a comedian and he’ll teach you how to be funny in English. Learn three different kinds of humor in English and how to avoid the embarrassment of telling a bad joke... Read More

The post AEE 122: Luke’s ENGLISH Podcast and How to Be Funny in English appeared first on All Ears English Podcast | Real English Vocabulary | Conversation | American Culture.

May 2012  

Aprender ingles gratis con La Mansion del Ingles. Un podcast para mejorar la gramatica, el vocabulario y la pronunciacion del ingles. Una leccion del ingles con ejemplos y ejercicios.

Learn English free with podcasts from La Mansion del Ingles. Improve your grammar, vocabulary and pronunciation. This English lesson contains examples and exercises.

Hello again. Welcome,  and thank you for downloading this Mansión Inglés podcast. This is podcast number 49 recorded for May 2012.

Este mes, en el nivel básico practicamos vocabulario y colocaciones de los verbos. In the intermediate section holiday vocabulary and question words and in the advanced section, some more idioms for you and advanced vocabulary. There's business English as usual this month and, of course, an activity for you to do with your kids and many more ways to improve your English and take it to the next level. 

En los podcasts mensuales hablamos de los temas, vocabulario y ejercicios que salen en nuestro cuaderno mensual. Así podáis practicar la pronunciación y repasar el material del cuaderno. Si quieres recibir gratis el cuaderno cada mes, ver la trascripción de este podcast o leer los anteriores, vete a y sigue los enlaces en la página principal.

So, let's get started - vamos a empezar con el nivel básico y el repaso de gramática.

She can't speak English - Ella no puede hablar inglés. Repite: English - speak English - She can't - she can't speak English. - she can't speak English

Do you like shopping? - ¿Te gusta ir de compras? - Yes, I love it - Si, me encanta. No olvides el it - el objeto. Escucha: I love it - I lovit. - Repite: I love it - I hate it - I like it - I like it very much - very much - mucho - repite: very much - I like it very much.

Is that Juan and Cristina's car? - No, theirs is the Ford Fiesta. - theirs - suya - repite: theirs - it's their car - it's theirs - theirs is the Ford Fiesta - Repite: theirs is the blue car - theirs is the Ford Fiesta

Sarah didn’t work yesterday - Sarah no trabajó ayer Escucha: Sarah didn’t work yesterday. Repite: yesterday - work yesterday - didn't work - Sarah didn't work yesterday.

How many people were there at the meeting yesterday? - yesterday - ayer - people - gente (one person - two people - three people - how many people?) - How many people were there - were there - pasado plural - repite: How many - how many people were there? - How many people were there at the meeting?

Pepito usually walks to work - He usually walks - Repite: He usually walks - He usually walks to work - He sometimes takes the train - He usually walks - He occasionally drives to work - He never takes the bus

Good! También hemos practicado cambiando algunas frases al negativo. Escucha: Emma is a teacher (afirmativo) - Emma isn't a teacher (negativo)

Escucha y repite las siguientes frases:

I like Japanese food. - I don’t like Japanese food.

She's married. - She's not married.                  

I like vegetables. - I don’t like vegetables.                  

He likes video games. - He doesn’t like video games. 

They live near the beach. - They don’t live near the beach. 

My parents smoke. - My parents don't smoke. 

Today is Tuesday. - Today isn’t Tuesday.                    

I like horror films. - I don’t like horror films.           

He swims very well. - He doesn't swim very well. 

She's a doctor. - She isn't a doctor.   


In the intermediate section this month, we looked at some common collocations with the verbs have, make, take and do. Listen and repeat: 

to make a mistake - Try not to make any mistakes.

hacer una foto - To take a photo - Would you mind taking a photo of us? - Could you take a photo of me and my wife?

To make progress is to advance, to go forward - We're making progress - We're making progress on the web site design.

hacer un descanso - To have a rest - you look tired. Why don't you have a rest? - Repeat: Have a - have a rest - Have a rest for a few minutes.

tener sentido - To make sense - It doesn't make sense - no tiene sentido. Repeat: It doesn't make sense - This doesn't make any sense.

hacer la compra/las compras - To do the shopping. Repeat: do the shopping - Did you do the shopping today? - Who's going to do the do the shopping?

to have a talk with someone means to speak with them seriously. - to have a talk - I need to have a talk with you about the sales promotion.

fregar/lavar los platos - To do the washing-up - I usually do the washing up in the evening. - I usually do the washing up in our house. My wife does the cooking and I do the washing up.

reprender  - To have words - To have words with someone is to tell them off or to argue with them. Repeat: to have words - to have words with - My boss had words with me. - I'm going to have words with my secretary about her negative attitude.

Do homework/housework ('work' usually collocates with ‘do’, so you do homework (deberes) and you do housework (trabajo de la casa). Most things in the house you do (do the washing, do the washing-up, do the cleaning, do the ironing, do the shopping etc. The bed is an exception. You make the bed! - Did you make the bed?)

Now, if you’re thinking of taking the Cambridge First Certificate exam in June this year, or in May, you will need to study at home, in your time, outside of the classroom. We can help you to prepare for the exam with the Mansion Ingles FCE preparation course. El curso lleva 60 horas de prácticas y estudio y ha sido desarrollado por profesores especializados en la formación práctica para la preparación a FCE. For more information, go to and click the CD icon on the right of the home page. Click on MansionFirst para ver el contenido del curso. Haz nuestra prueba de nivel de First Certificate to see if you have the level to take the exam. You can also download course content free to try the course before you buy.If you have any questions about the exam, or about the CD (MansionFirst), just send us an email at

There were more idioms this month in the advanced section. Let's see if you can remember the idioms if I say the Spanish equivalent.

For example, what's the English idiom for Amor a primera vista? - Love.. at first sight. Repeat: Love at first sight. When I saw her it was love at first sight.

The Spanish idiom "No solo de pan vive el hombre" in English is.... Man cannot live by bread alone. - Repeat: Man cannot live by bread alone.

Do you remember the translation of " El trabajo compartido es más llevadero."? - Many hands make light work. Repeat: Many hands make light work. - Come on, let's do it together. Many hands make light work.

Vístanme despacio que estoy de afán. (I'm sorry about my Spanish pronounciation.) Vístanme despacio que estoy de afán. In English it is.... More haste, less speed - Do it faster but do it well. Repeat: More haste, less speed

La necesidad hace maestros. in English is... Do you remember this one? - Necessity is the mother of invention. - Repeat: Necessity is the mother of invention.

And finally, No hay miel sin hiel. translates to.... No pain, no gain. - Repeat: No pain, no gain.”

We also looked at some vocabulary connected to lying and deception this month.

We all tell lies occasionally, some of us more than others, but it sounds better, we feel better, if we call a lie a fib - a fib is a small lie - a white lie. This word is used often with children. Are you telling fibs? Repeat: fib -  to tell fibs - Are you telling fibs?

He lied so convincingly that I was completely taken in and believed everything he said. If you are taken in you are deceived by someone or something. Repeat: I was taken in. I was completely taken in by the email and sent 10,000 euros to Nigeria. I was completely taken in by her sweet smile.

A hoax is an act intended to deceive or trick someone. - Un engaño - Repeat: The whole situation turned out to be a hoax. In the end, it was all a hoax.

A conman is estafador o timador in

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