Hello once again and welcome to another Mansion Ingles podcast. This is podcast number 68 recorded for December 2013.
En el nivel básico practicamos el gerundio, las palabras que terminan en ing y también los grupos o familias de palabras - Word families.
Tenemos un poco de gramática en el nivel intermedio y también algunas colocaciones con los verbos.
We practise some collective nouns at advanced level, and also we help you with what to say in English in certain social situations There's also business vocabulary, as usual, and a translation exercise, all to help you improve your English and take it to the next level.
En los podcasts mensuales hablamos de los temas, vocabulario y ejercicios que salen en nuestro cuaderno mensual. Así podéis practicar la pronunciación y repasar el material del cuaderno. Si quieres recibir gratis el cuaderno cada mes, ver la trascripción de este podcast o leer los anteriores, ve a mansioningles.com y sigue los enlaces en la página principal.
Ok, vamos a empezar con el nivel básico y el gerundio - The gerund, en inglés. ¿cómo se dice el verbo gustar en inglés? - to like; I like, he likes, she likes, we like etc. Cuando empleas otro verbo después del verbo like, puede ser de forma gerundio o de forma infinitive, pero normalmente, cuando hablamos de las actividades y no del resultado de las actividades, usamos el gerundio. Eschucha y repite:
jugar - to play - playing - playing video games. Do you like? Do you like playing video games. I don't like playing video games.
Ver - to watch - repite - to watch - Watching TV. I like watching TV. I like watching sport on TV. I like watching football on TV. Do you like watching TV? - Do you like watching football on TV?
Do you like studying? - to study - estudiar - repite: studying - I don't like studying - Do you like studying?
¿Cómo se dice comprar? - to buy - repite: buy - buying - Do you like buying books? - Do you like buying clothes - Do you like buying shoes?
To camp - acampar - camping. to go camping - Do you like going camping?
¿Cómo se dice leer en inglés? to read - Repite: to read. reading - reading books - Do you like reading books? - I like reading - I like reading books - My girlfriend likes reading - she likes reading books - she likes reading detective books.
Ducharte - to have a shower - Repite: to have a shower. - having a shower - I like having a shower. I like having a shower in the morning. It wakes me up. Me despierta - It wakes me up. - Repite: It wakes me up. A shower wakes me up. A shower in the morning wakes me up. I like having a hot shower in the morning.
Board games son juegos de mesa. Repite: board games - to play - to play board games - playing board games - I like playing board games. Do you like playing board games?
¿Cómo se dice acostarte? - to go to bed. Repite: to go to bed - going to bed - I like going to bed. I like going to bed early - Do you like going to bed early? I always go to bed early during the week.
Well done! - !Muy bien!
También en el nivel básico este mes hemos estudiado algunas palabras en grupo. Las familias de palabras o Word Families. Por ejemplo, si digo short y tall, tal vez das cuenta que tall (o sea, alto) es el antónimo de short - bajo: alto-bajo, tall-short. Entonces, si digo easy, ¿Qué me vas a decir? ¿Cuál es el antónimo de easy? Pues, difficult. ¿y cheap? - expensive.
A ver si puedes identificar la familia de las siguientes palabras y decir qué palabra en inglés viene despues de las palabras que voy a decir. Luego, repite las palabras conmigo para practicar la pronunciación. ¿Listos? Ready?
football - play work - do TV - watch
father - son mother - daughter brother - sister
apples, oranges, bananas - fruit
shirts, socks, dresses - clothes
chairs, tables, sofas - furniture
1st - first 2nd - second 3rd - third
Ok good, now moving on to the intermediate section, and in this month's cuaderno we looked at some general grammar. For example, the word 'yet' with the present perfect when it means todavía o aún - She isn't here yet. - Todavía no llega. o Aún no llega. Repeat: She isn't here yet. I haven't done it yet. Have you finished yet? - ‘Has the film finished?’ ‘No, not yet.’
¡Ojo! - Don't confuse yet with already. Both these words are often used with the present perfect. Already means 'so soon' or ya, in Spanish. For example, Have you eaten your dinner already? - ¿Ya has cenado? - I have already been to Paris. - Ya he estado en París.
Repeat: I've already been to Paris. Have you eaten lunch yet? Yes, I've already eaten lunch. I've already done it.
Phrases like so do I and neither do I are used as responses to show a similar attitude or opinion. You can show that you agree or disagree with someone by using So do I neither do I , me too, me neither etc.
Listen and repeat: I'm a student- So am I. I'm not married - neither am I - I like football - So do I - I don't like golf - neither do I. I'm not very hungry - Neither am I. Nota que se repite el verbo auxiliar cuando se responde. I'm hungry (el verbo auxiliar es to be) I'm hungry, so am I. I don't like golf (el verb auxiliar es do) Neither do I. Si no hay verbo auxiliar, por ejemplo en I like swimming, usa el verbo do - So do I.
También puedes decir me too (yo también) y me neither (yo tampoco). Repeat: I really like Science fiction - me too! - but I don't like horror films - Me neither. Escucha mi opinión sobre algunas cosas y responde con So do I y Neither do I or Me too y me neither.
I love chocolate
I don't like negative people
I really enjoy going to the beach.
I think Brad Pitt is a very good actor.
I like Tom Cruise
But I don't like Kevin Costner very much
I think Keira Knightly is really sexy.
Many students of English, including my students here in Valencia, think that will is only used to talk about the future. I will see you tomorrow, they say. Or, I will go to London for Christmas. Well, you can use will to talk about the future, but it can also be used to make offers. You see a beautiful girl with a heavy suitcase. You can say. "Excuse me, I'll help you with that". Your teacher is carrying about 12 dictionaries, some papers and a briefcase. You can say, "I'll open the door for you." Your guests are leaving your house and putting on their coats. You can say, "I'll help you with your coat". Remember to use the contraction I will - I'll. Repeat; I'll - I'll help you - I'll open the door. - I'll get your coat.
When you talk about future plans and arrangements, you can use the present continuous tense. Repeat, I'm going shopping tomorrow, I'm flying to Paris next week - I'm having my hair cut on Wednesday. It's also common to use the present continuous when you ask a question about someone's plans. Repeat, What are you doing on Saturday? Are you going away for the weekend? What time are you coming into work tomorrow? Where are you staying in New York?
In the vocabulary section, we looked at verbs that go together with several words and expressions. Yo voy a decir las palabras y las expresiones y tú tienes que decir el verbo que puede ir con ellas. Por ejemplo, si digo : money, someone's life y energy, ¿sabes qué verbo puede ir con las tres palabras? - Pues el verbo save. Podemos decir save money, save energy and save someone's life. He saved my life.
Vamos a intentar con otras tres palabras: the bill (la cuenta) the bill, a compliment y attention. ¿Cuál es el verbo? - PAY. Repeat: to pay a compliment. She paid me a lovely compliment; attention - to pay attention. Are you paying attention? Pay attention in class! Pay attention when I'm speaking to you! and to pay the bill. Have you paid the bill? Please, let me pay the bill.
Ok, what about these three: your best, the shopping, some work - Es el verbo do. Repeat: do the shopping, do some work, do your best. I must do some shopping this afternoon. I need to do some work this weekend. Don't worry about the test. Just do your best.
Here are three more: a game, the guitar, chess (ajedrez). PLAY. Repeat; play chess. Can you play chess? Play a game - Let's play a video g