• You can find out more about Liam’s academic credentials here: https://www.liamkofibright.com/

    Liam’s talk on “Why Scientists Lie” can be found here:

    Remco Heesen and Liam on “Is Peer Review a Good Thing”?:

    Listen to Liam’s interview with Sean Carroll on the nature of truth here:

    Listen to Liam’s interviews with Andrew Lynn Lewis here:

    And here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a491GwvnEOI

    Liam’s Letter exchange with Andrea on Critical Race Theory can be found here:

    Liam’s Letter with me on hating oneself can be found here:

    Follow Liam’s blog here: http://sootyempiric.blogspot.com/

    Write to Liam at Letter:

    Follow Liam on Twitter: @lastpositivist

    Liam on the positivists (interview with former guest of this podcast, Aaron Rabinowitz, see episode 46 “Is Civility Overrated”):

    Further References

    Some more sources on Rudolf Carnap: http://www.carnap.org/

    Peter S. Beagle, The Last Unicorn (1968); the 1982 film version was directed by Jules Bass and Arthur Rankin jr.

    David Hume, A Treatise of Human Nature (1739–40)

    Sam Harris, The Moral Landscape (2010)

    My article on Bruce, “Thoughts on a Friend’s Suicide”:


    2:06 The positivists
    9:32 Moral philosophy and the is–ought gap.
    16:24 Why scientists lie: bad incentives in science
    24:16 The value of diversity of intellectual enquiry
    37:33 The problem with peer review
    44:05 The Star Trek post-scarcity future and the Bladerunner future
    52:55 The nature of truth
    1:22:35 Self-hatred
    1:56:25 Twitter and parasocial relationships

  • Clint’s poetry collection Salute the Wreckage can be found here:

    His collection The Early Death of Men can be found here:

    His novel, Lying Bastard, can be found here:

    Write to Clint: https://letter.wiki/ClintMargrave/conversations

    Follow Clint on Twitter: @clintmargrave

    Further References

    Clint’s Areo magazine article, “Forgiving Charles Simic” can be found here:

    Shaun Koo’s Areo magazine article on exploitation in academe is here:

    Clint’s poem “My Therapist Says I Should Date Myself”:

    Kingsley Amis, Lucky Jim (1954)

    David Lodge, Small World: An Academic Romance (1984)

    Richard Russo, Straight Man (1997)

    John Edward Williams, Stoner (1965)


    1:47 Clint reads the sample chapter, “Prerequisites”
    9:55 Why so much academic writing is bad writing
    18:45 What inspired Clint’s book
    22:01 The title
    23:24 Influences on the novel
    29:03 The culture of academe
    35:33 Writing poetry vs. writing novels
    37:00 Clint’s poem “My Therapist Says I Should Date Myself”
    42:22 The writing process
    44:44 Separating the art from the artist
    54:14 Why Clint wrote the novel

  • Manglende episoder?

    Klik her for at forny feed.

  • For more of Rod’s work:

    Rod’s YouTube channel:

    Write to Rod at Letter:

    Follow Rod on Twitter @roderickgraham

    For more on John R. Wood’s work:

    John’s philosophy of virtue ethics:

    My previous podcast with John:

    Follow John on Twitter: @JohnRWoodJr

    Further References

    Glenn Loury’s interview with Sam Harris on Making Sense, which I allude to, is now paywalled:

    You can find a more recent discussion, with John H McWhorter, here:

    Follow Nicholas Christakis, who has been tracking police brutality since 2014 @NAChristakis on Twitter

    Roland G. Fryer’s work can be found here:
    Jill Leovy, Ghettoside: A True Story of Murder in America (2015)


    3:03 Is the problem systemic racism or is it general police brutality?
    9:26 Policing in different communities
    24:40 The police as an institution: militarisation on both sides; feedback loops and the importance of context
    31:27 Racial unification: what this moment might lead to
    42:00 The role of leftists
    47:43 Ways forward

  • You can find Buster’s book Why Are We Yelling: The Art of Productive Disagreement here:

    For my Letter exchange with Buster (one of my two favourite conversations I’ve ever had on the site) see:

    Buster’s Letter exchange with B. J. Campbell on guns see:

    Belief tracking:

    Write to Buster at Letter:

    Write to me at Letter:

    Further References

    James Lindsay and Peter Boghossian Impossible Conversations: A Very Practical Guide (2019)

    My review of Impossible Conversations for Areo magazine:

    Oliver Traldi’s review of Impossible Conversations for Arc Digital:

    2:49 Persuasion vs. changing your own mind
    5:02 The value of honest, open conflict
    9:11 The voice of power, the voice of avoidance, the voice of truth
    13:12 How to make disagreements feel less threatening and more exploratory
    17:42 Techniques for helping a group to have more productive disagreements
    25:12 Conflicts of head, heart and hands
    35:06 Disagreements with people you’re close to
    44:22 Opinion tracking
    51:40 Tribalism
    52:45 Iterated prisoner’s dilemma games
    55:10 Lessons in cooperation from Covid-19
    1:01:46 How to improve good will.

  • Jonathan’s book Reinventing Racism:
    Why “White Fragility” Is the Wrong Way to Think About Racial Inequality is forthcoming. To join the mailing list for preorders, write to dropusalineatteafortwo@gmail.com.

    Write to Jonathan and read his correspondence with Matt McManus:

    Jonathan’s 2019 Areo article “An Economy Theory of Whiteness” is here:

    You can find more of Jonathan’s writing here:

    Write to me here: https://letter.wiki/IonaItalia/conversations

    Further References

    Robin DiAngelo, Why It's So Hard for White People to Talk About Racism (2016):

    Glenn Loury, “How to Mend Affirmative Action” (1997):

    For more on the scholar John A. Powell, see:

    Peggy McIntosh, “White Privilege: Unpacking the Invisible Knapsack” (1989)

    Cheryl I. Harris, Whiteness as Property (1993):

    For more on the scholar Lawrence Blum, see:

    Lawrence Blum, “White Privilege: A Mild Critique” (2008):

    For more on the Coase theorum:

    Coleman Hughes, “The Racism Treadmill” (2018):

    Thomas Chatterton Williams, “The Nightmare from which Ta Nehisi-Coates Is Trying not to Awake” in Areo 2017:

    Eric Kaufmann, Whiteshift: Populism, Immigration and the Future of White Majorities (2018):

    Razib Khan’s 2018 Areo article, “Why There Will Not Be a Beige Future”:


    3:35 The central thesis of Robin DiAngelo’s book White Fragility
    8:05 The Kafka trap
    11:39 The reification of whiteness
    17:40 The Implicit As sociation Test
    31:23 The legacy of historical racism
    32:20 Racism vs. racial inequality
    34:52 Preferential vs. developmental affirmative action
    39:00 African-Americans and the race burden
    41:35 What is racism?
    44:00 Majorities and minorities
    46:32 Jonathan’s economic theory of racial injustice
    1:09:36 Will pervasive societal racism always be with us?

  • Massimo’s books include Phenotypic Plasticity: Beyond Nature and Nurture (Syntheses in Ecology and Evolution) (2001):

    Making Sense of Evolution: The Conceptual Foundations of Evolutionary Biology, with co-author Jonathan Kaplan (2006):

    Nonsense on Stilts: How to Tell Science from Bunk (2010):
    How to be a Stoic: Using Ancient Philosophy to Live a Modern Life (2017):

    He is the co-author, with Gregory Lopez of Live Like A Stoic: 52 Exercises for Cultivating a Good Life (2019):

    He is the co-editor, with Maarten Boudry, of Philosophy of Pseudoscience: Reconsidering the Demarcation Problem:

    You can find Massimo’s Letter conversation with David Sloan Wilson here:

    And my article about this conversation here:

    You can find Massimo’s Letter conversaion with Philip Goff here:

    For more on the Extended Evolutionary Synthesis:

    On Stoic Week: https://modernstoicism.com/about-stoic-week/

    Follow Massimo on Twitter: @mpigliucci

    Write to Open Letters at Letter here:

    Write to me: https://letter.wiki/IonaItalia/conversations

    Further Notes

    Derren Brown, Happy: Why More or Less Everything is Absolutely Fine (2016)

    My essay on Stoicism: https://areomagazine.com/2019/01/21/in-praise-of-stoicism-derren-browns-happy-book-review/

    For Karl Popper on the demarcation problem see:

    Larry Laudan on the demarcation problem:

    For Wittgenstein on the definition of a game see:

    The SETI institute: https://www.seti.org/

    Geoffrey Miller, The Mating Mind: How Sexual Selection Shaped the Evolution of Human Nature (2001):

    Richard Lewontin, 1929–

    Lawrence Kraus, A Universe from Nothing (2012)

    Massimo, Maarten Boudry, Lawrence Krauss and Daniel Dennett on the Limits of Science:

    For Wilfred Sellars on the stereoscopic vision of science see:

    Jorge Luis Borges, The Library of Babel (1941):

    Sam Harris, The Moral Landscape: How Science Can Determine Human Values (2010)

    Massimo’s review of The Moral Landscape:

    Ayn Rand’s objectivism: https://aynrand.org/ideas/overview/

    The Discourses of Epictetus: http://classics.mit.edu/Epictetus/discourses.html

    Marcus Aurelius, The Meditations:

    Seneca, Of Anger: https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Of_Anger/Book_I

    For more on Chryssipus: https://www.britannica.com/biography/Chrysippus

    3:47 The demarcation problem, the difference between science and pseudoscience
    17:26 What made Massimo change fields from biology to philosophy
    21:45 What is the relationship between philosophy and science?
    38:32 Science and ethics
    45:59 The appeal of Stoicism
    57:17 Stoic practices
    1:11:31 The Stoic fork/dichotomy of control
    1:23:11 Free will
    1:34:00 The misrepresentation of Stoicism as repression of emotion
    1:43:18 The lessons of the pandemic

  • Razib’s podcast The Insight can be found here: http://insitome.libsyn.com/website;

    His blog Gene Expression can be found here:

    You can find the Brown Pundits blog and podcast here:

    Follow Razib on Twitter: @razibkhan

    Razib Khan’s previous appearance on this podcast:

    Razib’s article in the City Journal:

    Further References

    Nicole Hannah Jones’ commentary (wrongly called “Hannah Nored-Jones” on the show:

    Ursula K. Le Guin, The Wizard of Earthsea (1968)

    On vaccines:


    1:21 When and why did Razib become aware that things were going to get serious?
    10:06 Why were we so blindsided by this?
    13:30 Differences from SARS coronavirus 1
    18:04 Our false sense of control
    24:14 How our elites are trained and what they think is important.
    25:14 Herd immunity
    32:37 Are there long-term sequelae from the virus, after recovery?
    36:09 Likelihood of having a severe case
    38:06 Obesity
    39:48 India
    41:40 Seasonality and climate
    43:41 Uncertainties
    48:28 Social and economic effects of lockdown
    59:46 Race
    1:00:45 The Chinese virus. Trump, the woke, semantics, names
    1:13:38 Updating our priorities
    1:16:18 Vaccines, mutation rates, virulence
    1:19:29 The future; the difficulty of predictions

  • Together with Conrad Hamilton, Matt, Ben and Marion are the authors of Myth and Mayhem: A Leftist Critique of Jordan Peterson, with an introduction by Slavoj Zizek (2020):

    More about Marion:

    More about Ben:
    Ben’s book Give Them an Argument: Logic for the Left (2019):

    Ben’s segment on the Michael Brooks show:

    Ben’s writing for Arc Digital: https://arcdigital.media/@benburgis

    Ben’s writing for Jacobin: https://jacobinmag.com/author/ben-burgis

    Review of Give Them an Argument in Areo:

    Write to Ben: https://letter.wiki/BenjaminBurgis/conversations

    Follow Ben on Twitter: @BenBurgis

    More about Matt:
    Matt’s book The Rise of Post-Modern Conservatism: Neoliberalism, Post-Modern Culture, and Reactionary Politics (2019):

    Making Human Dignity Central to International Human Rights Law: A Critical Legal Argument (2019):

    Matt’s writing for Areo magazine can be found here:

    Review of Postmodern Conservatism in Areo:

    Write to Matt: https://letter.wiki/MatthewMcManus/conversations

    Follow Matt on Twitter: @MattPolProf

    Further Notes
    The previous episode with Ben Burgis and Jon Rosen, on Free Will and Moral Responsibility:
    Jordan Peterson, 12 Rules for Life: An Antidote to Chaos (2018)
    Jordan Peterson, Maps of Meaning: The Architecture of Belief (1999)

    Slavoj Zizek’s debate with Peterson:

    Peterson’s interview with the Grievance Studies hoaxers, which includes Helen Pluckrose’s pushback against the concept of postmodern neo-Marxism:

    Johann Hari, Lost Connections: Uncovering the Real Causes of Depression -
    And the Unexpected Solution (2018)

    Erich Fromm, The Art of Loving (1956)

    John Rawles, Justice as Fairness: Political not Metaphysical (1985)

    George Eliot, Middlemarch: A Study of Provincial Life (1871–82)

    Jordan Peterson’s interview on Sam Harris’ Making Sense podcast:

    Maarten Boudry’s letter exchange with Peter Boghossian on belief:
    My article on that exchange, for Areo:

    Douglas Adams, The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy (1978)
    Richard Rorty:

    Keith Thomas, Religion and the Decline of Magic. Studies in Popular Beliefs in
    Mark Fisher, “Exiting the Vampire Castle” (2013):

    Democratic Socialists of America, Fox news clip from 2019:

    Contrapoints (Natalie Wynn)’s video on cancelling:


    4:53 Slavoj Zizek
    6:45 12 Rules of Life: self-help and politics
    28:27 Capitalism
    41:46 Jungian archetypes: chaos and order
    42:59 Chaos and the feminine
    52:37 The West
    54:54 His critiques of woke excesses at university
    1:05:02 “Postmodern neo-Marxism”
    1:17:36 Peterson’s own postmodernism
    1:21:21 Peterson’s concept of truth
    1:35:47 The desacralisation of the world
    1:41:52 Ben’s new book advocating for a more compassionate left
    1:48:28 Taking Peterson seriously

  • Brian’s book, jointly written with Julian Savulescu, can be found here:
    and here:

    You can review Brian’s academic work here:

    Follow Brian YouTube channel here:

    Follow Brian on Twitter: @briandavidearp

    Brian’s previous appearance on this podcast can be found here:

    Additional References
    Ursula K. Le Guin, The Left Hand of Darkness (1969). I discuss the book briefly here:

    Harry Frankfurt’s “Freedom of the Will and the Concept of a Person” (1971) is paywalled, but you can find a summary here:

    Rhys Southan, “Re-Orientation”: https://medium.com/@rhys/re-orientation-fb131ba7bd9b

    4:51 The therapeutic possibilities of pro-love drugs
    5:37 Biological theories of love: modulating brain chemicals
    14:42 The Left Hand of Darkness
    17:05 Using MDMA
    17:58 Questions of authenticity, first-order & second-order desires
    21:05 Changing your sexuality
    23:09 Online dating
    29:31 The real thing and its imitations: Argentine tango & theatre
    38:46 When should we use pro-love drugs, should they be medically prescribed?
    45:48 Anti-love drugs. Dampening the libido with antidepressants.
    49:10 High-tech conversion therapies
    1:03:24 The medicalization of love
    1:06:49 Leaving dysfunctional relationships
    1:15:19 The future of love and anti-love drugs

  • You can find Maarten’s scholarly work here:

    Many of Maarten’s more popular articles are available here:

    He is the co-editor with Massimo Pigliucci of the 2013 Philosophy of Pseudoscience: Reconsidering the Demarcation Problem:

    And, also with Massimo Pigliucci, is the co-editor of

    You can start a conversation with Maarten at Letter here:

    Follow Maarten on Twitter: @mboudry

    Further References

    Maarten’s conversation with Peter Boghossian on the nature of belief at Letter:

    For more on Popper and the demarcation problem:

    Larry Laudan, “The Demise of the Demarcation Problem” (1983):

    Tanner Edis on religious belief and conspiracy theories:

    See Maarten’s take on Tanner Edis’ paper here, on Jerry Coyne’s blog:

    H. Benson et al, “Study of the Therapeutic Effects of Intercessory Prayer”:

    Maarten’s essay on the four flavours of contemporary pessimism can be foud here:

    Steven Pinker, Enlightenment Now: The Case for Reason, Science, Humanism, and Progress (2018)

    Hans Rosling, with Ola Rosling and Anna Rosling Rönnlund, Factfulness: Ten Reasons We're Wrong About the World--and Why Things Are Better Than You Think (2018)

    Iona’s article on Aarey can be found here:


    3:38 The demarcation problem and the difference between science and pseudoscience
    14:57 Religion and other conspiracy theories
    30:31 The four flavours of contemporary pessimism
    49:20 Ecomodernism
    51:50 Do activists present a greater hurdle to our ability to prevent climate change than denialists?

  • Saloni’s article on the UK policy is here:

    Follow Saloni on Twitter @salonium

    Further References

    More on the UK policy:

    More resources on the Coronavirus:

    Why the Corona Virus Has Been So Successful:

    For some of the best information on the virus, follow epidemiologist @NAChristakis on Twitter or Facebook (Nicholas Christakis).

    To write an open letter about your experiences with Coronavirus or create a daily journal:

    If you would like to start a correspondence with someone on this or any other topic and don’t have a suitable interlocutor, contact humans@karma.wiki or tweet to me or @JacksonAEdwards.

    Write to me at Letter:


    2:03 The situation in Hong Kong
    4:40 My personal situation
    11:21 Herd immunity
    14:04 Psychological impacts of quarantine & social distancing
    19:06 More on herd immunity and secondary effects of the epidemic
    30:33 The reproduction number
    32:18 The second wave
    32:57 Seasonality
    38:01 Does having had the virus confer immunity?
    40:46 Treatments
    46:33 Reasons to be optimistic
    49:05 Developing a vaccine
    51:24 How did the virus evolve?
    54:46 How many young people are liable to suffer from serious complications or die?
    57:15 Why are we testing so few people?
    58:32 Panic buying
    1:02:40 What we can do
    1:14:35 Why the numbers sound so small
    1:20:08 Open letters about your experiences with social isolation and a call for expertise

  • Nick is the author of five books:
    Cruel Britannia: Reports on the Sinister and the Preposterous (1999):

    Pretty Straight Guys (2003):

    What's Left? How Liberals Lost Their Way (2007):

    Waiting for the Etonians: Reports from the Sickbed of Liberal England (2009):

    You Can’t Read This Book: Censorship in an Age of Freedom (2012):

    Further references

    Zubin Madon’s podcast on the history of totalitarism can be found here:


    2:33 What things have stayed the same since Nick wrote What’s Left? The anti-western left. The criticisms he received after publishing the book.
    5:58 Is this just left-bashing?
    7:25 The leftist arguments against Jeremy Corbyn
    9:36 The rise of the illiberal right
    12:46 How the fringe can become the mainstream
    13:35 Hindu nationalism and fascism
    14:52 Brexit
    18:40 The cult of Corbyn and the future of the British Labour party
    25:31 Social media and news
    32:46 Fatalism
    35:39 The Iraq War
    40:28 Pacifism
    42:42 Bolivia
    46:18 More on Brexit
    48:32 Threats to freedom of speech
    55:18 The UK libel laws
    57:52 Moral relativism on the left

  • You can find Colin’s Quillette article, “The New Evolution Deniers” here: https://quillette.com/2018/11/30/the-new-evolution-deniers/And his article with William Malone and Julia Robinson, “No One is Born in the Wrong Body” here: https://quillette.com/2019/09/24/no-one-is-born-in-the-wrong-body/Colin’s article with Emma Hilton, “The Dangerous Denial of Sex” can be found here: https://www.wsj.com/articles/the-dangerous-denial-of-sex-11581638089?mod=opinion_lead_pos5You can find Colin’s academic work on social spiders, etc. here:https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=Y6HdvgcAAAAJ&hl=enFurther ReferencesRadclyffe Hall, The Well of Loneliness (1928)Derren Brown, Happy: Why More or Less Everything is Absolutely Fine (2016)I review Brown’s book for Areo magazine here:https://areomagazine.com/2019/01/21/in-praise-of-stoicism-derren-browns-happy-book-review/My interview with intersex activist Claire Graham:https://soundcloud.com/user-761174326/36-claire-grahamUrsula K. Le Guin, The Left Hand of Darkness (1969)Simone de Beauvoir, The Second Sex (1949)My interview with Steve Stewart-Williams:https://soundcloud.com/user-761174326/43-steve-stewart-williams-an-astonishing-apeTimestamps3:04 Why study social insects?4:50 Personality in insects and humans.23:44 Is no one born in the wrong body?29:05 Does everyone have a gender identity?37:50 Sex and sexuality47:45 Is transgenderism the new gay conversion therapy?54:54 Why are so many people identifying as trans, even at very young ages?57:59 How is trans activism affecting academia, science and wider society?1:00:46 How Colin defines sex.1:03:41 Non-binary; de Beauvoir’s idea that woman is born not made; gender free1:06:58 The hatred faced by non-passing transwomen; intrasexual gender policing1:24:29 How will things develop in the future?

  • David’s book, The Irrational Ape: Why Flawed Logic Puts Us All at Risk, and How Critical Thinking Can Save the World (2019) is available here: https://www.simonandschuster.co.uk/books/The-Irrational-Ape/David-Robert-Grimes/9781471178252Additional ReferencesVisit Letter here: https://letter.wiki/conversations. Looking for a correspondent? DM @JacksonAEdwards on Twitter or email humans@karma.wiki.Emily St Mandel, Station Eleven: A Novel (2014)Steve Stewart-Williams, The Ape that Understood the Universe: How the Mind and Culture Evolved (2018)John P. A. Ioannidis, “Why Most Published Research Findings Are False” (2005) https://journals.plos.org/plosmedicine/article?id=10.1371/journal.pmed.0020124David Grimes and John Ioannidis, “Modelling Science Trustworthiness Under Publish Or Perish Pressure” (2018):https://uwspace.uwaterloo.ca/handle/10012/13117; Buster Benson, Why Are We Yelling? The Art of Productive Disagreement (2019): https://busterbenson.com/My conversation with Buster on the book can be found here:https://letter.wiki/conversation/225Timestamps3:00–6:35 On Letter7:56 Relative vs. absolute risk increase or reduction14:10 False positives & Baysian analysis24:00 The Sally Clark case: an egregrious miscarriage of justice. 26:14 The prosecutor’s fallacy27:40 The hair analysis unit & Kirk Odom’s wrongful conviction36:32 Cargo cults42:50 False equivalence, esp. with regard to vaccinations47:28 Statistical significance vs. effect size53:45 Dietary science & surrogate outcomes59:58 Berkeley admissions and Simpson’s paradox1:05:45 Self-reporting and personality tests1:08:14 The replication crisis in biomedical science1:12:58 Disinformation and misinformation1:17:51 Identity protective cognition

  • You can find Aaron’s podcast, Embrace the Void, here:

    and his podcast, Philosophers in Space, co-hosted by Thomas Smith, here:

    You can find Aaron’s conversations on Letter and write to him here:

    Support Aaron here (I’m a patron!):

    Follow Aaron on Twitter: @ETVPod

    Further References

    Thomas Chatterton Williams, A Self-Portrait in Black and White: Unlearning Race (2019)
    My article on fascism:

    Martin Luther King, “Letter from a Birmingham Jail” (1963):

    J. S. Mill, On Liberty (1859): econlib.org/library/Mill/mlLbty.html

    Gurwinder Bhogal, “How Not to Deradicalize a Twitter Neonazi”:

    Rohit Chopra, The Virtual Hindu Rashtra (2019):

    For our discussion of Jordan Peterson, see the timestamps:

    My letter exchange with Nick Kano:

    Clyde Rathbone’s interview on Embrace the Void:


    6:15 Is civility fetishised? Tone policing and the difficulty of arguing.
    19:10 Should some people be excused from civility? Is frankness itself a privilege?
    22:35 Is the left is more averse to free speech than the right?
    27:13 Freedom of speech in academe
    39:47 The ecological fallacy
    47:30 Protesting
    50:58 Moral signalling
    55:27 Free speech and its trade offs; free speech on social media

  • David’s latest book, Ethical Porn for Dicks: A Man’s Guide to Responsible Viewing Pleasure (2016) can be ordered here:

    David’s The Myth of Sex Addiction (2012) can be found here:

    David’s 2012 book, Insatiable Wives: Women who Stray and the Men who Love Them can be found here:

    David’s column for Psychology Today can be found here:

    David’s writings for the Good Men Project can be found here:

    You can follow David on Twitter: @DrDavidLey

    Further References

    My deep dive into circumcision:

    Ang Lee’s film Lust, Caution (2007)

    David on the no-fap community:


    1:45 Is there such a thing as sex addiction or porn addiction?
    20:10 Is there a correlation between pornography use and sexual violence?
    25:42 Moral panics around fiction
    30:05 Young people watching pornography when they know nothing about real sex
    35:55 Aesthetics versus pleasure
    43:40 When our body’s impulses don’t correspond with our wishes; disconnects between mind and body
    55:20 Men’s and women’s differing responses to porn
    58:38 Towards a concept of sexual integrity
    1:00:59 The no-fap community
    1:06:30 Masturbation

  • For a comprehensive guide to Salil’s work, see:

    Salil’s articles for Mint:

    Salil’s article for Caravan:

    Salil’s books can be found here:
    The Colonel Who Would Not Repent: The Bangladesh War and Its Unquiet Legacy (2016):

    Detours: Songs of the Open Road (2015):

    Offence: The Hindu Case (2009):

    You can follow Salil @saliltripathi on Twitter.

    Further References


    The Impossible Conversations competition:

    The conversation on Antifa and political violence:

    My accounts of letter exchanges in Areo can be found here:

    Roger Cohen’s article on Kashmir:

    Isaac Chotiner’s interview with Roger Cohen:

    Salil’s article on the Indian media’s behaviour during conflicts with Pakistan:

    Modi’s article on Gandhi:

    The Indian Penal Code:

    Salil Tripathi on M.F. Husain:

    M.F. Husain’s work:
    Salil on the Modi myth: https://caravanmagazine.in/vantage/minds-modi-myth

    Meera Sanyal on demonitisation:

    Salil’s obituary of Meera Sanyal:

    Salil on whataboutery:

    Rabindranath Tagore’s poem on Indian freedom:

    Jon Lee Anderson:

    John Pilger on Cambodia:

    Vajpayee’s speech calling for the destruction of Babri Masjid:

    Milan Kundera, The Book of Laughter and Forgetting (1980)


    3:25 Letter and the Impossible Conversations competition
    8:45 The portrayal of India in the domestic and international media, esp regarding the situation in Kashmir
    14:40 Indian media’s behaviour during conflicts with Pakistan
    19:00 Recent coverage of India in the foreign press
    23:50 Lynchings and the Modi government
    27:40 Trump versus Modi
    32:33 Free speech and the Indian penal code
    37:00 The Modi myth
    43:00 The injustices of Indian bureacracy
    46:12 Indian whataboutery
    51:32 What inspired Salil to become a journalist
    53:10 Salil’s journalistic icons
    54:30 The biggest challenges facing journalists today
    1:06:42 Salil’s predictions for the future of journalism in India

  • For Steve’s book, Darwin, God and the Meaning of Life: How Evolutionary Theory Undermines Everything You Thought You Knew (2012) see:https://www.cambridge.org/core/books/darwin-god-and-the-meaning-of-life/A3055F89051D5F4ADE4AFE9473BF0AABFor Steve’s book, The Ape that Understood the Universe: How the Mind and Culture Evolve (2019) see: https://www.cambridge.org/core/books/ape-that-understood-the-universe/3448755E3BF801C936343555DA7AECBBFind out more about Steve here: https://www.stevestewartwilliams.com/Follow Steve on Twitter @SteveStuWillFurther ReferencesRichard Dawkins, The Selfish Gene (1976)David Sloan Wilson, This View of Life: Completing the Darwinian Revolution (2019)Erwin Frey, see the survival of the weakestGeoffrey Miller, The Mating Mind: How Sexual Choice Shaped the Evolution of Human Nature (2001)Tim Taylor, The Artificial Ape: How Technology Changed the Course of Human Evolution (2010)Wilhelm von Goethe, The Sorrows of Young Werther (1774)Iona Italia, “A Wrong against Boys: An Impossible Conversation about Circumcision,” in Areo Magazine (2019)Battlestar Galactica remake (TV series, 2004) Timestamps2:08 The gene’s eye view7:04 Explaining altruism and strong reciprocity13:44 Culture as an evolutionary accelerator15:06 Lactose tolerance16:12 The survival of the weakest17:56 Sexual selection as an evolutionary ratchet23:13 Intelligence and language24:46 Homosexuality32:22 Evolution and ethics33:48 Technology and cumulative culture38:39 The meme’s eye view44:50 Inclusive fitness48:46 Evolutionary psychology doesn’t provide a moral template53:03 Memes and ethics53:57 Gene-culture co-evolution57:06 Traits vs. the selection processes that produce them58:09 Romantic love and jealousy1:00:39 Why do men hunt?1:04:00 How will humanity develop in the future?1:06:40 Intrasexual competition and mate choices1:15:46 Why women prefer pretty boys1:19:07 Memetic fitness1:20:53 Misconceptions about evolutionary psychology; & when adaptationism goes too far

  • 3:38 What attracted Andy to Diderot?
    7:09 Diderot’s radical questioning of political and sexual norms: homosexuality; masturbation; incest fantasies
    20:55 “My thoughts are my sluts”—intellectual libertinage
    25:44 Diderot’s relationships with women
    28:00 Diderot as a playwright
    30:24 Religious sexual fantasies
    31:00 The Literary Correspondence
    31:50 Diderot on painting and on acting
    39:15 Samuel Richardson and the new focus on humble people
    41:32 La Religieuse (The Nun)
    45:12 Diderot on slavery
    51:08 Diderot’s letters
    56:18 Diderot on free will, materialism, atheism
    1:00:18 The Encyclopédie
    1:18:05 Diderot’s politics
    1:22:05 His unfettered joy in life

    Andy’s books:
    Diderot and the Art of Thinking Freely (2019);
    Anatomy of Blackness: Science and Slavery in an Age of Enlightenment (2011, 2013)
    Sublime Disorder, Physical Monstrosity in Diderot's Universe (2001) can all be found on Amazon. Follow his author page here:

    You can find out more about Andy here:
    And here:

    Follow Andy on Twitter @AndrewSCurran

  • 6:38 Defining terms: compatibilism, semi-compatibilism, determinism, libertarianism
    46:50 Moral responsibility
    1:02:30 Reasons responsiveness
    1:20:07 Sociopathy and the amydala
    1:24:30 The sorites paradox (the paradox of the heap)
    1:36:15 What does it mean to have control?
    1:52:05 Rights forfeiture theory, criminal punishment and free will
    2:29:30 How did the three of us arrive at our respective positions?

    For the original discussion on Letter, see:

    For my article on the discussion see:

    For Ben Burgis’ responses, see:

    Join Jon Rosen’s discussion group on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/groups/1750878868488774/

    Follow Ben Burgis on Twitter @BenBurgis

    Follow Jon Rosen on Twitter @rosenbaier

    Additional References

    For Frankfurt cases:

    Gagandeep Singh:

    Pereboom’s four case argument:

    For more on John Martin Fischer:

    David Lewis, “The Paradox of Time Travel”:

    Ryan Lake, “No Fate But What We Make: A Defence of the Compatibility of Freedom and Causal Determinism”:

    Ursula K. Le Guin, “The Ones Who Walk Away from Omelas” (1973)

    Sam Harris, “In Defence of Profiling”:
    Euripides, Iphigenia in Aulis (approx. 405 BCE)