Episodes

  • “It's a commodity business, and because of that you cannot differentiate your product. So, when you produce a pig, the market says it's the same as a pig that somebody else produces. And in a commodity business, the way you increase your profits is to control costs. And that's why the pig production industry is so cost-driven.” – Dr. James Pettigrew

    What you will learn

    His thoughts on swine nutrition; Pig production: key insights; How to be profitable in a commodity business; Insights on teaching swine professionals.

    Meet the guest: Dr. James Pettigrew is a professor emeritus of animal science at the University of Illinois. His 37-year career includes 28 years at two universities (Minnesota and Illinois) separated by two highly successful positions in private industry. Dr. Pettigrew is a pioneering authority on sow nutrition and the use of modeling to estimate nutrient requirements. His research has also led to breakthroughs in understanding the influence of diet on the immune system of young pigs. Dr. Pettigrew’s highly productive research career has led to 430 invited presentations in 35 countries, 106 refereed journal articles, and 10 book chapters. His innovative contributions to the 10th edition of Nutrient Requirements of Swine had substantial effects on swine feeding worldwide. He has served on a WHO panel dealing with antimicrobial use, the ASAS Board of Directors, the ASAS and FASS committees on public policy, and as President of the Midwest Section of ASAS.

    This episode was published by Lauro Faccin.

  • “I appreciate the vision of the pork producers. There are some truly visionary folks. Having that sort of big picture vision for the industry and taking off the blinders of what's happening for me today, what's my business going to look like five or ten years from now… One of the things I appreciate about the industry is just some really great thinkers in that space.” – Dr. Chris Hostetler

    What you will learn

    What are the 3 pivotal studies from the last 5 years; Sequencing of the swine genome; Sow lifetime productivity; Pig survivability.

    Meet the guest: Dr. Chris Hostetler received his Bachelor of Science at Purdue University, his Master of Science at the University of Florida, and his Ph.D. at Washington State University. While at Washington State University he also managed the University's research and teaching swine farm, served as an instructor in the College of Sciences, and conducted a postdoctoral study in reproductive biology. He is the National Pork Board’s Director of Animal Science. Before joining the National Pork Board in 2011, Dr. Hostetler was on faculty at South Dakota State University where he taught animal nutrition and conducted research in monogastric nutrition.

    P.S. Visit the National Pork website and learn more about the important work they lead www.pork.org

    This episode was published by Lauro Faccin.

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  • “[When designing experiments to pick up mortality differences…] keeping up-to-date with what's the best way to make sure that we're analyzing the data in a way that it's repeatable to make the best decisions we can.” – Dr. Jordan Gebhardt

    What you will learn

    Challenges      and common mistakes associated with mortality experiments; Recommendations      for design efficiency.

    Meet the guest: Dr. Jordan Gebhardt graduated with high honor from Michigan State University with a B.S. in Animal Science and was a member of the Honor’s College. In addition, Jordan completed two internships in the animal health and nutrition industries. He completed both his DVM and Ph.D. (swine nutrition) at Kansas State University in 2019 and is currently an Assistant Professor there.

    This episode was published by Lauro Faccin.

  • “I very much encourage people to go out into production, and get that experience… it is a high-stress job. That is OK. You learn a lot. Get involved with your packer. Be the leader. Own that entire feed operation from a personal standpoint. The team does not have to report to you. You are a servant to all those people.” – Dr. Jeff Hansen

    What you will learn

    Where do you start? Nutrient matrix; Energy; Fat feeding; Managing the nutrition program; Production concerns; Major advancements; What the future holds.

    Meet the guest: Dr. Jeff Hansen graduated with an M.S. from Texas A&M and Ph.D. in Swine Nutrition from Kansas State University. He was previously Director of Nutritional Programs with Murphy‐Brown/Smithfield, the largest pork producer in the world, for over 20 years, and brings extensive experience in nutrition, production management, and feed manufacturing. After that, he joined Nutriquest as Director of Technical Sales and Service.

    This episode was published by Lauro Faccin.

  • "When managing tunnel ventilation, we need to make sure we have wind. If there's no wind, we're effectively not providing any cooling, and the big driver of that is our fans. With that comes making sure our fans are performing optimally: belts are tight, functioning, clean, cones, and shutters are on. A lot of times, shutters can get dirty over winter, and if they don't get cleaned off by the time summer rolls around and pays to keep those shutters clean because they can knock down airflow over 15%" – Dr. Brett Ramirez

    What you will learn

    Why do we raise pigs indoors? The most significant issues when managing tunnel ventilation; How can we fix those issues; Optimal temperature in late finishing; How do ventilation experts come up with the optimal recommendations?

    Meet the guest: Dr. Brett Ramirez is an assistant professor in the Animal Production Systems Engineering group within the Department of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering at Iowa State University. His research and extension program encompass swine and poultry production systems with a primary focus on ventilation, natural resource and energy efficiency, animal energetics, environmental control, and precision livestock farming.

  • “Having [a fully-integrated model], these days, allows you to marry your supply to your demand and your disposal models, and it gives you some kind of protection in the business. So that's an important first step.” – Dr. Robert van Barneveld

    What you will learn

    1. Latest research from Australia;

    2. Major research breakthroughs from the last decades;

    3. How many diets do really need?

    4. Biggest lessons on running a pork business;

    5. Thoughts on people and culture;

    6. Thoughts on immunocastration;

    7. Trends on growth-promoting antibiotics;

    8. Why doesn’t Australia import new genetics?

    Meet the guest: Dr. Robert van Barneveld began his career in university faculties around Australia after receiving a Bachelor of Agricultural Science with First Class Honors and later a Ph.D. in swine nutrition from The University of Queensland, St Lucia. Robert has served on a number of industry and commercial boards within the industry and is now the Managing Director and CEO of Sunpork Group.

    This episode was published by Lauro Faccin.

  • “Clear communication between practitioners and diagnosticians is key to get the most out of a health case” – Dr. Fabio Vanucci

    I got to grab the brain of this experienced swine diagnostician, Dr. Fabio Vanucci… join us on this conversation by clicking any of the buttons below. Also, if I may ask you a favor - share it with the first veterinarian that comes to your mind.

    What you will learn:

    - How the role of the diagnostician has evolved through the years;

    - How does the diagnostician help with the decision-making process to optimize herd health;

    - The future of the swine diagnostician;

    - The use of the sequencing technologies in the diagnostic investigation of infectious diseases;

    - It wouldn’t be a complete podcast if we didn’t ask the Dr. Vanucci his thoughts on COVID-19;

    - The oral fluid revolution;

    - Thoughts on Brazil being free of PRRS and PED.

    Fabio’s favorite swine-related resource: People (my network)

    Fabio’s favorite book in general: Talking to Strangers

    Dr. Fabio Vanucci has joined the faculty at the University of Minnesota Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory as Assistant Professor/Pathologist for food animal diseases. He earned his DVM and MSc in Brazil at the Federal University of Viçosa and Federal University of Minas Gerais, respectively, and obtained his Ph.D. from the University of Minnesota studying pathogenesis and diagnostics of Lawsonia intracellularis and Brachsypira spp infections.

    This episode was published by Lauro Faccin.

  • “If you get a job as a nutritionist in a feed company, your first job probably will be to update the feed ingredient database.” – Dr. Hans Stein

    What you will learn:

    - The biggest mistake in swine nutrition;

    - Why is this a huge mistake;

    - Thoughts about in-line NIR;

    - Other common mistakes;

    - First few diets after weaning: requirements vs. reality;

    - One thing to change today on how graduate students are trained;

    - Thoughts about the NRC 2012: strengths and weaknesses.

    Hans’ favorite swine-related book: NRC (2012)

    Hans’ favorite book in general: History of Greece, Philippines, and others.

    Dr. Hans Stein is a professor of Animal Science at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, where he is conducting research and providing outreach programs in the area of intestinal physiology and feed ingredient evaluation. Previous jobs include positions as assistant and associate professor at South Dakota State University, jobs in the feed industry, and jobs in primary agricultural production. He obtained a Ph.D. degree in monogastric nutrition from the University of Illinois, and a Master’s degree from the Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University in Copenhagen, Denmark. Dr. Stein was born and raised on a small livestock operation in the southern part of Denmark.

    This episode was published by Lauro Faccin.

  • “The majority of boars, if you start varying their collection schedule, it's a stress to the boar and you'll have certain boars that will start to have bad semen quality. Keep it in mind: once a week. If you have older boars, what is common is a 3-in-2 schedule (collected 3 times in 2 weeks).” – Dr. Darwin Reicks

    Boars represented 50% of the final product of pig production and unfortunately get less than 1% of the attention – at least if you measure in terms of literature published. Thus, join me on this podcast with Dr. Darwin Reicks where he shares the changes and best practices in boar studs.

    What you will learn:

    - The 5 biggest changes in boar studs over the last 25 years;

    - What has changed after PRRS;

    - Ventilation;

    - Quality control;

    - Post-Cervical Artificial Insemination;

    - Estimated breeding value (EBVs) management.

    Darwin’s favorite swine-related book: Swine Reproduction

    Darwin’s favorite book in general: The Secret Race

    Dr. Darwin Reicks received his DVM from Iowa State University in 1994 and has been in swine practice since then. Received the Leman “Science in Practice award” from the University of Minnesota in 2005 and the “Science with Practice Award” from Iowa State University in 2017. He is the owner of Reicks Veterinary Research & Consulting, specializing in boar stud management and artificial insemination techniques. International leader in biosecurity applied to insemination centers and external quality controls.

    This episode was published by Lauro Faccin.

  • It is time for our Swine it Podcast Roundtable…

    If you missed the first episode, this is a series of episodes envisioned by the Swine it Podcast and Provimi, where we will have roundtable discussions with experts of the global swine industry tackling subjects that can influence the producer’s bottom line.

    On this episode, I chatted with Dr. Dean Boyd, Dr. Brent Frederick and Mark Hulsebus, about “What’s going on in the pork industry?”.

    Here are the highlights:

    - The state of the industry;

    - What should we be thinking about right now;

    - This crisis compared to anything in the past;

    - Range of strategies in the recent past to slow pigs down;

    - Market outlook and how should we be setting up the diets to be ready for it;

    - What are the most successful producers doing right now to handle with the crisis;

    - Advice for young professionals of the swine industry.

    This episode was published by Lauro Faccin.

  • “The reality is… if we get too much calcium in these finishing pig diets, especially, if we get over a 2:1 total Ca to total Phosphorus - even 1.5:1 we could argue - we know we’re decreasing growth.” – Dr. Joel DeRouchey

    What you will learn:

    - Thoughts on phytase;

    - Calcium release from phytase;

    - Superdosing phytase: nursery vs. grow-finishing;

    - Do we give amino acids and energy release values?

    - Poultry vs. pigs when it comes to enzymes.

    - Thoughts on xylanase and proteases.

    Joel’s favorite swine-related resource: magazines (NHF, Pork Magazine) and The Swine it Podcast

    Joel’s favorite book in general: Good to Great

    Our guest is Dr. Joel DeRouchey. Dr. DeRouchey graduated with his bachelor's in Animal Science from South Dakota State University in 1997 and his M.S. (1999) and Ph.D. (2001) in Swine Nutrition from Kansas State University. He was hired in 2001 and currently, he is a full professor and has a 50% Extension and 50% Research appointment.

    This episode was published by Lauro Faccin.

  • “There are a number of different strategies available to benefit these slow growing pigs that we identify early on. It should be a combined strategy rather than one particular intervention. You should be focusing on these pigs at several different points during their early life, in order to get the best of catching up.” – Dr. Sadie Douglas

    What you will learn:

    - The top 3 lessons from all her research;

    - The most important risk factors associated with poor lifetime growth performance;

    - Thoughts on variability;

    - Thoughts on compensatory growth;

    - What can producers implement based on her studies;

    - Thoughts on cross-fostering.

    Sadie’s favorite swine-related book: Science and Practice of Pig Production

    Sadie’s favorite book in general: Wolf of the Plains

    Our guest is Dr. Sadie Douglas. Dr. Douglas completed her MSc in Control of Infectious Diseases in Animals in 2009 and before that a BSc in Bioveterinary Science, both at the Royal Veterinary College, London. She also took a Ph.D. on the management and nutrition of lightweight pigs at Newcastle University.

    This episode was published by Lauro Faccin.

  • “[To survive major economic challenges], in my mind, producers should have about $100 per pig marketed annually of working capital capacity. If things get really bad, and I lose $50 per pig for 2 years, we will be OK." – Dr. Brad Freking

    What you will learn:

    - Thoughts on WHO’s asymptomatic, presymptomatic COVID-19 cases;

    - How fast are the packing plants recovering and product mix change?

    - What swine professionals sometimes misunderstand about packing plants;

    - Handling economic challenges as a pig business and on having cash reserves;

    - Biggest challenges on mid/long-term for the industry;

    - Why now is the best time to get herd immunity to COVID-19;

    - Internal research results: share with others or keep it with you?

    - Thoughts on people, processes and systems: why our managers have a profit & loss statement;

    - Why the quest for the best feed efficiency from a nutrition standpoint does not make sense;

    - Pigs/Sow/Year vs. quality pigs delivered to the nursery.

    Brad’s favorite swine-related book: Diseases of Swine

    Brad’s favorite book in general: Peter Zeihan’s books

    Our guest is Dr. Brad Freking. Dr. Freking is the CEO and Owner at New Fashion Pork, received his BS on Animal Sciences from South Dakota State University, and Doctorate on Veterinary Medicine from the University of Minnesota.

    This episode was published by Lauro Faccin.

  • “Since [this research] is done in your barns under commercial conditions, your management (good or bad), your intakes (good or bad), your growth (good or bad)… You don't have to make that application or interpretation. Some of the frustration that my peers have that in terms of having a wean-to-finish [commercial research] barn is that their health status or their intake is so different that they don't necessarily see the same response that they do once they try to put into production." – Dr. Trey Kellner

    What you will learn:

    - Pros and cons of system-wide research studies;

    - How many close-outs do you need?

    - Revisiting the concept of an experimental unit;

    - What is a rolling allotment?

    - How to control for variation;

    - How about sow research?

    - Recent transition feeding study;

    - A recent study on bump-feeding in late gestation: performance and economics;

    - Multiplication of body weight gain: thoughts on intrinsic vs. extrinsic factors;

    - How your priority might not be other people’s priorities.

    Trey’s favorite swine-related book: Biology of the Domestic Pig and Feed Efficiency in Swine

    Trey’s favorite book in general: Getting to Yes and Lead... for God's Sake!

    Our guest is Dr. Trey Kellner. Dr. Kellner received his M.S. and Ph.D. from Iowa State University in 2017, following his B.S. at the University of Nebraska – Lincoln. Right after graduation, he joined AMVC Nutritional Services as their first Swine Nutritionist.

    This episode was edited and published by Lauro Faccin.

  • “The science that shows viruses can live in the feed has being replicated so many times, over some many different viruses. I think that’s 100% science, there’s no question about that. But there are quite a few things we don’t understand yet, so there’s quite a bit of art.” – Dr. Scott Dee

    What you will learn:

    - A brief history behind feed biosecurity;

    - The biggest learnings from recent times;

    - Minimizing risk in imported products;

    - The 80/20 rule of feed biosecurity;

    - Art or science?

    - The biggest changes in feed mills from a practical standpoint in the last few years;

    - The range of feed biosecurity around the globe and what can be done better to reduce everyone’s risk.

    Our guest is Dr. Scott Dee. Dr. Dee earned his DVM, MS, and Ph.D. from the University of Minnesota. He is a board-certified veterinary microbiologist and a past President of the AASV. After working in swine practice for 12 years, Scott was a Professor at the University of Minnesota College of Veterinary Medicine where he focused his research on the transmission and biosecurity of PRRSv for 12 years. In 2011, Scott joined Pipestone Veterinary Services in Pipestone, MN where he currently serves as Director of Pipestone Applied Research.

    This episode was edited and published by Lauro Faccin.

  • “Ammonia levels, stocking density, number of pigs per caregiver, type of floor, and timeliness of feed supply are the 5 biggest factors affecting tail-biting” – Dr. Flaviana Gottardo and Dr. Annalisa Scollo

    What you will learn:
    - What is the impact of each of the different factors?
    - Experiences from a practical standpoint;
    - Practical recommendations for producers;
    - What is still needed from a research perspective.

    Flaviana’s favorite swine-related book: Human-Livestock Interactions
    Annalisa’s favorite swine-related book: Diseases of Swine
    Flaviana’s favorite book in general: The House of Sleep
    Annalisa’s favorite book in general: The Little Prince

    Our guests are Dr. Flaviana Gottardo and Dr. Annalisa Scollo. Dr. Gottardo is graduated in Agricultural Sciences at the University of Padova (1992); Ph.D. in Animal Science at the University of Padova (1996). Researcher in Animal Science since 2009 and Associated Professor of Farm Animal Husbandry and Welfare at the University of Padova from 2006. Dr. Scollo is a veterinarian since 2009 and obtained a Ph.D. on pig welfare. Associate Professor at the University of Padova, she has participated in several research projects having to do with the pig sector, with special attention to welfare.

    This episode was edited and published by Lauro Faccin.
    For knowledge and news in the Global Swine Industry, access our partner thepigsite.com

  • Managing pig growth during special conditions, with Dr. John Patience.

    Dr. Patience is a global leader in swine nutrition research and internationally recognized speaker, received the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences Outstanding Achievement in Research Award. Received his bachelor's degree in 1974 and his master's degree in 1976 from the University of Guelph, Ontario. He received his Doctor of Philosophy from Cornell University in 1985.

  • “I think for a while the gilt development was a forgotten piece of the sow system and I think it is our greatest potential for improvements in sow reproduction and lifetime performance. We need to start paying more attention there.” – Dr. Kara Stewart

    Today’s episode will cover “Back to the basics in gilt development”.

    What you will learn:

    - Boar exposure in gilt development

    - Optimal weight, age, and number of estruses at first breeding

    - Acclimation to the breeding crate

    - Out-of-feed events in GDUs

    - Space requirements and number of gilts per pen

    - Have gilt development units and gilt research been forgotten?

    Kara’s favorite swine-related book: Charlotte's Web

    Kara’s favorite book in general: Daring Greatly

    Our guest is Dr. Kara Stewart. Dr. Stewart received her bachelor’s degree from Purdue University in 2001 and her master’s and a doctorate from North Carolina State University in 2004 and 2008, respectively. Dr. Stewart taught in the Department of Animal Science at NC State for two years before returning to Indiana to work for Cook Inc., a human medical device company. In 2013, she accepted a faculty position in reproductive physiology in the Department of Animal Science at Purdue University.

    This episode was edited and published by Lauro Faccin.

  • “The size of the virus isn't as important [to make a vaccine], it’s how complex it is. Coronavirus and Circovirus are not very complex. African Swine Fever and Pseudorabies are complex.” – Christopher Chase

    Our guest is Dr. Christopher Chase. Dr. Chase is Professor from the Department of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, South Dakota State University (SDSU), he is a native of Sisseton, SD, and attended SDSU. He received his DVM from Iowa State University (1980) and MS (1987) and Ph.D. (1990) from the University of Wisconsin-Madison. He was an associate at the Viborg Veterinary Clinic, Viborg, SD, for 5 years and continued his active involvement in clinical veterinary medicine for 25 years. He is the past president of the South Dakota Veterinary Medical Association, American Association of Veterinary Immunologists, and past chair of the AVMA Council of Biologics and Therapeutic Agents (COBTA). He is serving as president of the American College of Veterinary Microbiologists until 2018. He was the South Dakota Veterinarian of the Year in 2009 and received the FO Butler Excellence in Research Award in 2010 and Outstanding Leadership in Undergraduate Research in 2011 from SDSU.

    What you will learn:

    Definition of herd immunity; Meaning of R-naught/R-zero; What he would do if in charge of the pandemic situation; How to apply this knowledge to pig production; What can you do today to improve herd immunity at the farm level from a practical standpoint; What separates successful swine professionals from those that are not.

    Chris’ favorite swine-related book: Diseases of Swine

    Chris’ favorite book in general: Falling Upward and The Return of the Prodigal Son

    This episode was edited and published by Lauro Faccin.

  • “You know what those maximum performances are for average daily gain, and we have very good models for that. If I go to 90% or 87% percent or whatever that number is, how slow can I bring those pigs, and what’s the impact on feed efficiency?” – Dr. Chad Hastad

    Our guest is Dr. Chad Hastad, with Bachelor’s degree in Animal Sciences (South Dakota State University) and a Masters and Ph.D. in Swine Nutrition (Kansas State University). Currently, director of nutrition, research, and operational support at New Fashion Pork.

    What you will learn:

    Thoughts on the gut microbiome and pellet quality; Feed mitigation strategies; Sow replacement models; Advice for young swine professionals; Challenging the status quo; How can allied industry help, right now?

    This episode was edited and published by Lauro Faccin.

    For knowledge and news in the Global Swine Industry, access our partner thepigsite.com