• Merriam-Webster's Word of the Day for July 31, 2021 is:

    dally • \DAL-ee\  • verb

    1 a : to act playfully; especially : to play amorously

    b : to deal lightly : toy

    2 a : to waste time

    b : linger, dawdle


    Alton has been dallying with the idea of starting a bakery.

    "Just as businesses that dallied too long before moving into the era of computing lost ground and eventually faded away, companies that delay in adopting the technologies of the future will find it impossible to keep up with those that take the necessary steps quickly.”— Pritom Das, Entrepreneur, 21 May 2021

    Did you know?

    English speakers have been playing with dally since the 14th century. They first started using the word with the meaning "to chat," which was also the meaning of the Anglo-French word from which it was derived, but that meaning fell into disuse. Next, dalliers were amusing themselves by acting playfully with each other especially in amorous and flirtatious ways. Apparently, some dalliers were also a bit derisive, leading dally to mean "to deal with lightly or in a way that is not serious." It didn't take long for the fuddy-duddies to criticize all this play as a waste of time. By the mid-16th century, dally was weighted down with its "to waste time" and "to dawdle" senses.

  • Merriam-Webster's Word of the Day for July 30, 2021 is:

    wherefore • \WAIR-for\  • adverb

    1 : for what reason or purpose : why

    2 : therefore


    "O Romeo, Romeo, wherefore art thou Romeo?" — William Shakespeare, Romeo and Juliet, 1594-95

    "According to The Blast, the legal filing said 'Wherefore, Petitioner requests an order of this court that the conservatorship of the person of Britney Jean Spears, the conservatee, be terminated.'" — Justin Enriquez, ­The Daily Mail (US), 18 June 2021

    Did you know?

    In early English, a number of new words were formed by combining where with a preposition. In such words, where had the meaning of "what" or "which"—hence, wherein ("in what"), whereon ("on what"), and wherefore ("for what"). Although wherefore as an adverb is rarely used today, the noun form, meaning "an answer or statement giving an explanation," survives in the phrase "the whys and wherefores."

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  • Merriam-Webster's Word of the Day for July 29, 2021 is:

    palaver • \puh-LAV-er\  • noun

    1 a : a long discussion or meeting parley usually between persons of different cultures or levels of sophistication

    b : conference, discussion

    2 a : idle talk

    b : misleading or beguiling speech


    Enough of this palaver. We have a lot to discuss.

    "[Adrian Daub] brings the same sharp eye for sophistry to other forms of palaver that move capital in Silicon Valley. He revisits the actual thinkers appropriated by TED bloviators, from the philosopher Marshall McLuhan to the French historian René Girard to the novelist Ayn Rand." — Virginia Heffernan, The New York Times, 22 Nov. 2020

    Did you know?

    During the 18th century, Portuguese and English sailors often met during trading trips along the West African coast. This contact prompted the English to borrow the Portuguese palavra, which usually means "speech" or "word" but was used by Portuguese traders with the specific meaning "discussions with natives." The Portuguese word traces back to the Late Latin parabola, a noun meaning "speech" or "parable."

  • Merriam-Webster's Word of the Day for July 28, 2021 is:

    bivouac • \BIV-uh-wak\  • verb

    1 : to make a temporary encampment under little or no shelter

    2 : to take shelter often temporarily

    3 : to provide temporary quarters for


    The climbers bivouacked under the cliff's ledge.

    "Bivouacked in the middle of the Filchner-Ronne Ice Shelf—a five-hour flight from the nearest Antarctic station—nothing comes easy. Even though it was the southern summer, geologist James Smith of the British Antarctic Survey endured nearly three months of freezing temperatures, sleeping in a tent, and eating dehydrated food." — Matt Simon, Wired, 15 Feb. 2021

    Did you know?

    In his 1841 dictionary, Noah Webster observed bivouac to be a French borrowing having military origins. He defined the noun bivouac as "the guard or watch of a whole army, as in cases of great danger of surprise or attack" and the verb as "to watch or be on guard, as a whole army." The French word is derived from the Low German word biwacht, which translates to "by guard." Germans used the word specifically for a patrol of citizens who assisted the town watch at night. Today, bivouac has less to do with guarding and patrolling than it does with taking shelter.

  • Merriam-Webster's Word of the Day for July 27, 2021 is:

    jeremiad • \jair-uh-MYE-ud\  • noun

    : a prolonged lamentation or complaint; also : a cautionary or angry harangue


    The news story was a scathing jeremiad against the invasion of privacy on celebrities.

    "We can expect a volley of jeremiads against wind power, as perhaps half that fleet stopped spinning. But with perhaps more than 30 gigawatts of thermal generating capacity tripping offline, and wind power producing about five gigawatts less than planned, this disaster clearly stretches, as Texas' grid operator said, 'across fuel types.'" — Liam Denning, The St. Paul (Minnesota) Pioneer Press, 18 Feb. 2021

    Did you know?

    Jeremiah was a Jewish prophet, who lived from about 650 to 570 B.C. and spent his days lambasting the Hebrews for their false worship and social injustice and denouncing the king for his selfishness, materialism, and inequities. When not calling on his people to quit their wicked ways, he was lamenting his own lot; a portion of the biblical Book of Jeremiah is devoted to his "confessions," a series of lamentations on the hardships endured by a prophet with an unpopular message. Nowadays, English speakers use Jeremiah for a pessimistic person and jeremiad for the way these Jeremiahs carry on. The word jeremiad was borrowed from the French, who coined it as jérémiade.

  • Merriam-Webster's Word of the Day for July 26, 2021 is:

    urbane • \er-BAYN\  • adjective

    : notably polite or polished in manner


    "When had my willful and boorish cousin turned into this urbane young artist greeting the guests at her opening reception?" wondered James.

    "Offstage, he could be sensitive or surly, charming or sometimes combative, an unabashed hedonist or an urbane aficionado of film, literature and theater." — George Varga, The San Diego Union-Tribune, 6 Jun. 2021

    Did you know?

    City slickers and country folk have long debated whether life is better in town or in the wide-open spaces, and urbane is a term that springs from the throes of that debate. In its earliest English uses, urbane was synonymous with its close relative urban ("of, relating to, characteristic of, or constituting a city"). Both words come from the Latin adjective urbanus ("urban, urbane"), which in turn is derived from urbs, meaning "city." Urbane developed its modern sense denoting savoir faire from the belief (no doubt fostered by city dwellers) that living in the city made one more suave and polished than did leading a rural life.

  • Merriam-Webster's Word of the Day for July 25, 2021 is:

    hagiography • \hag-ee-AH-gruh-fee\  • noun

    1 : biography of saints or venerated persons

    2 : idealizing or idolizing biography


    "Music documentaries can veer into hagiography. That's not this story. It goes up and down, with constant left turns and surprises you don't expect." — Edgar Wright, quoted in The Houston Chronicle, 16 June 2021

    "Hemingway, Ken Burns and Lynn Novick's latest PBS series, is a hagiography of one of the most popular writers of the 20th century, the tale of a man whose writing, image, and life were regularly the stuff of gossip, jealousy, admiration, and legend" — Hrag Vartanian, Hyperallergic, 15 Apr. 2021

    Did you know?

    Like biography and autograph, the word hagiography has to do with the written word. The combining form -graphy comes from Greek graphein, meaning "to write." Hagio- comes from a Greek word that means "saintly" or "holy." This origin is seen in Hagiographa, the Greek designation of the Ketuvim, the third part of the Jewish Scriptures. English's hagiography, though it can refer to biography of actual saints, is these days more often applied to biography that treats ordinary human subjects as if they were saints.

  • Merriam-Webster's Word of the Day for July 24, 2021 is:

    lexical • \LEK-sih-kul\  • adjective

    1 : of or relating to words or the vocabulary of a language as distinguished from its grammar and construction

    2 : of or relating to a lexicon or to lexicography


    As stated in the catalog, the university's second-year language courses are designed to emphasize lexical skills.

    "Technology companies exhibit a curious lexical property. Google and Zoom are verbs." — The Economist, 27 Feb. 2021

    Did you know?

    The word lexicon can be used as a synonym of dictionary, and the word lexicography refers to the practice of making dictionaries. Both of these words, as well as lexical, derive from the Greek word lexis, meaning "word" or "speech." Another descendant of lexis is lexiphanic, an archaic adjective describing one who uses pretentious words for effect. Lexis should not be confused with the Latin lex, meaning "law," which is used in legal phrases such as lex non scripta, "unwritten law."

  • Merriam-Webster's Word of the Day for July 23, 2021 is:

    expropriate • \ek-SPROH-pree-ayt\  • verb

    1 : to deprive of possession or proprietary rights

    2 : to transfer (the property of another) to one's own possession


    The city council rejected a proposal to expropriate private property for the highway expansion.

    "Newspapers, in particular, have had their content unfairly expropriated by the lords of the internet, even as the advertising that once sustained the news business has been snatched away by the same online behemoths." — David Horsey, The Seattle Times,18 Mar. 2021

    Did you know?

    If you guessed that expropriate has something in common with the verb appropriate, you're right. Both words ultimately derive from the Latin adjective proprius, meaning "own." Expropriate came to English by way of the Medieval Latin verb expropriare, itself from Latin ex- ("out of" or "from") and proprius. Appropriate descends from Late Latin appropriare, which joins proprius and Latin ad- ("to" or "toward"). Both the verb appropriate ("to take possession of" or "to set aside for a particular use") and the adjective appropriate ("fitting" or "suitable") have been with us since the 15th century, and expropriate was officially appropriated in the 17th century. Other proprius descendants in English include proper and property.

  • Merriam-Webster's Word of the Day for July 22, 2021 is:

    guttural • \GUTT-uh-rul\  • adjective

    1 : articulated in the throat

    2 : velar

    3 : being or marked by utterance that is strange, unpleasant, or disagreeable


    We asked the bouncer for directions, but he only responded with an inarticulate guttural grunt.

    "And when you hear the strange guttural call of the Red Bellied Woodpecker, you wonder, who would respond to that weird sound?" — Joseph Palmer, The Brooklyn (New York) Eagle, 14 June 2021

    Did you know?

    Though it is now used to describe many sounds or utterances which strike the listener as harsh or disagreeable, the adjective guttural was originally applied only to sounds and utterances produced in the throat. This is reflected in the word's Latin root—guttur, meaning "throat." Despite the similarity in sound, guttural is not related to the English word gutter, which comes (by way of Anglo-French) from Latin gutta, meaning "drop."