Mahatma Gandhi at the charkha, the spinning wheel, is an image that has united India since its independence in 1947. Why, in 2017, was Gandhi recast in this iconic image?
Postcolonial media scholar Ishita Sinha Roy draws from her book Manufacturing Indianness to discuss how the" idea of India" has dramatically shifted as neoliberal Hindutva (Hindu-centric nationalism) has resulted in an insular definition of Indianness that is based on religious chauvinism, Islamophobia, and a populist idea of a 'pure' Hindu nation.
This podcast takes examples from history, media, and popular culture to show how the transition from Gandhi to Modi, and secularism to fundamentalism has resulted in a re-writing of history to support Hindutva ideologies and make India great again.
How did slavery end in Brazil? Were enslaved people freed out of benevolence, or for less altruistic reasons? What happened to them following abolition?
Our guest, Rodolpho Camargo, shares two perspectives on the end of slavery in Brazil. First, he shares the simplified version of the Golden Law often taught to Brazilian children, then explains the actual unfolding of events surrounding the abolition of slavery in Brazil.
Rodolpho opens with his perspective on international exchanges as an English teacher in Brazil and a former Fulbright teacher in America. At 11:30 in the podcast, he explains the history of the end of slavery in Brazil, and discusses how the ideas of race and demographics in Brazil are always in question.
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