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  • Episode: Here’s the fifth in our multi-part series on the Epic of Gilgamesh, hosted by Chris McKinny and Amy Balogh! It's a fun and fascinating tour through Tablet 4, so tune in and enjoy! Click HERE HERE HERE and HERE for parts 1, 2, 3 & 4.

    Hosts: Chris McKinny and Amy Balogh

    Give: Visit our Donate Page if you want to help Biblical World and OnScript continue by becoming a regular donor.

    Image: Hero mastering a lion. Relief from the façade of the throne room, Palace of Sargon II at Khorsabad (Dur Sharrukin), 713–706 BCE. Unknown artist - Jastrow (2006), Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=866865

  • Episode: You asked (a long time ago), we answered (finally)! In this Q&A episode, we respond to listener questions about how to raise your kids to be like Chris and Kyle, prophetic practices, 1 Cor 11, chambered gates, Pharisees, forgery scandal, and much more!

    Hosts: Chris McKinny and Kyle Keimer

    Give: Visit our Donate Page if you want to help Biblical World and OnScript continue by becoming a regular donor.

    Image Description/Attribution: 6-chambered gate at Gezer. This iron-age gate shares a common pattern with iron-age gates at Lachish and Megiddo. Since these are listed in biblical texts as cities fortified by Solomon, these fortifications are often called "Solomonic" gates. (https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Six-chambered_gate_at_Tel_Gezer_%285751855767%29.jpg)

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  • Episode: Matt Lynch speaks with Jerusalem University College president and Biblical World co-host Oliver Hersey. We discuss study of the world of the Bible and his thesis that the Sinai Covenant can be illuminated through knowledge of ancient marriage customs. Knowing ancient marriage customs can help us understand the plundering of the Egyptians, the birth of Moses, the genealogy in Exodus 6, and the events at Sinai! Enjoy.

    Guest/Co-Host: Dr. Oliver Hersey is the president of Jerusalem University College in Jerusalem, Israel, an institution committed to helping students engage the geography, history, archaeology, languages, and cultures of the biblical world. He loves providing students opportunities to see the contours of the Holy Land and teaching them about the cultural backgrounds, history, and literary traditions of the ancient Near East, particularly as they inform our understanding of the Bible. His research interests lie in comparing ancient Near Eastern texts with biblical texts. Exemplary of this is his dissertation titled “The Marriage at Mount Sinai: Reading Exodus in the Context of ancient Near Eastern Diplomatic Marriages.” Hersey completed his PhD in Old Testament from Trinity Evangelical Divinity School, and has taught at North Park University in Chicago. For information about JUC and their programs, visit HERE.

    Give: Visit our Donate Page if you want to help Biblical World and OnScript continue by becoming a regular donor. OR, to support JUC, visit HERE.

    Image Description/Attribution: Image shows Maathorneferure and Hattusili III before Ramesses II from the Marriage Stela of Ramses II in Abu SimbelBy Lepsius - Richard Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Aegypten und Aethiopien, 1897, Abt III, Band 7, Bl. 196, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=15169398

  • Episode: Kyle Keimer and Chris McKinny speak with Jeff Chadwick, Jerusalem Center Professor of Archaeology and Near Eastern Studies at BYU about his excavations at biblical Hebron (Tell er-Rumeide).

    Youtube Link - https://youtu.be/ovhfNwdcabQ

    Guest: Dr. Jeffrey R. Chadwick serves at BYU as Jerusalem Center Professor of Archaeology and Near Eastern Studies, and also as Religious Education Professor of Church History and Jewish Studies (in the Department of Church History and Doctrine). Dr. Chadwick has also researched, surveyed, and excavated at several historical and biblical sites in Israel, including Jerusalem and Hebron (Tell er-Rumeide) in the 1980s, Ekron (Tel Miqne) in the 1990s, and at Gath of the Philistines (Tell es-Safi) since 2001 and for the last twenty years. He is currently senior field archaeologist with the Tell es-Safi/Gath Archaeological Project in Israel (Aren M. Maeir, Bar-Ilan University, Project Director), where he directs excavations in Area F in the "upper city" and in Area D in the "lower city" of the ancient Philistine capital city. He is also director of the American Expedition to Hebron (AEH) Publication Project and associate member of the original AEH excavation staff. He has served as a member of the board of trustees of the American Schools of Oriental Research (ASOR) and is a senior fellow at the W. F. Albright Institute of Archaeological Research in Jerusalem. He is the author of three books, editor of a fourth, and has published more than seventy academic articles, chapters, and studies. (from the BYU website)

    Hosts: Chris McKinny and Kyle Keimer

    Give: Visit our Donate Page if you want to help Biblical World and OnScript continue by becoming a regular donor.

    Image Attribution: By eman - Own work, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1839054

  • Episode: Here’s the fourth in our multi-part series on the Epic of Gilgamesh, hosted by Chris McKinny and Amy Balogh! It's a fun tour through Tablet 3, so tune in and enjoy! Click HERE HERE and HERE for parts 1, 2 & 3.

    Hosts: Chris McKinny and Amy Balogh

    Give: Visit our Donate Page if you want to help Biblical World and OnScript continue by becoming a regular donor.

    Image: By Katolophyromai - Own work, CC0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=67292492

  • Episode: In final part of our three-part series (finally!), Chris and Kyle discuss the year’s top ten archaeological discoveries and stories related to the Bible, including in this one, a weird and strange discovery.

    Hosts: Chris McKinny and Kyle Keimer

    Give: Visit our Donate Page if you want to help OnScript and Biblical World continue by becoming a one-time or regular donor.

    Photo Attribution: Huqoq Samson Mosaic, from https://www.timesofisrael.com/in-vivid-color-1500-year-old-huquq-mosaic-depicts-samson-animals-hunting/

  • Episode: Here’s the third in our multi-part series on the Epic of Gilgamesh, hosted by Chris McKinny and Amy Balogh! It's a fun ep, so tune in! Click HERE and HERE for parts 1 & 2.

    Hosts: Chris McKinny and Amy Balogh

    Give: Visit our Donate Page if you want to help Biblical World and OnScript continue by becoming a regular donor.

  • Episode: Here's the second in our multi-part series on the Epic of Gilgamesh, hosted by Chris McKinny and Amy Balogh! They finish Tablet 1 in this episode, discussing Gilgamesh's need to tame his passions, his journey into the wilds, the character Enkidu, links to early Genesis (e.g., Enkidu as Adam), links to Daniel and much more!

    Hosts: Chris McKinny and Amy Balogh

    Give: Visit our Donate Page if you want to help Biblical World and OnScript continue by becoming a regular donor.

  • Episode: In this episode of Biblical World, Kyle interviews Paul Evans about his new book, Sennacherib and the War of 1812: Disputed Victory in the Assyrian Campaign of 701 BCE in Light of Military History (T&T Clark, 2023). They delve into military history and consider how the goals and ideologies of individual combatants/nations lead to alternate narratives of how events unfolded and what those events meant. The ideas of what is "true" and "accurate" in historical reporting is given greater nuance by comparing Sennacherib's third campaign with the War of 1812.

    Guest: Dr. Paul Evans is Associate Professor of Old Testament at McMaster Divinity College. Currently, Paul is writing a two-volume commentary on 1-2 Chronicles for The New International Commentary on the Old Testament NICOT series published by Eerdmans. Paul previously wrote a commentary on 1 & 2 Samuel published in the Story of God series by Zondervan. Paul’s earlier work includes a monograph entitled The Invasion of Sennacherib in the Book of Kings: A Source-Critical and Rhetorical Study of 2 Kings 18-19, which was awarded the 2010 R.B.Y. Scott Award by the Canadian Society of Biblical Studies recognizing an outstanding book in the areas of Hebrew Bible and/or the Ancient Near East. Paul’s most recent monograph, and the subject of this podcast episode, is entitled Sennacherib and the War of 1812: Historical Reconstructions of the Assyrian Campaign of 701 BCE in Light of Military History (Bloomsbury, 2023). In addition Paul has many research articles in print, with most focused on the historical books of the Old Testament. (from the McMaster Divinity website)

    Give: Visit our Donate Page if you want to help Biblical World continue by becoming a one-off or regular donor.

  • Episode: Part 2 in our 3-part series on the top ten archaeological discoveries and stories related to the Bible from 2023. Some are honorable and some ... dishonorable. We talk about the lead "tablet" from Mt. Ebal, cosmic rays, the location of Canaanite Jerusalem, and other sensational and significant finds and stories from the year. Buckle up and enjoy the ride!

    Hosts: Chris McKinny and Kyle Keimer

    Give: Visit our Donate Page if you want to help Biblical World continue by becoming a one-off or regular donor.

    Photo Attribution: Remains of the Pool of Siloam from the Second Temple Period, photo by Markbarnes - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=57691358

  • Episode: In this three-part series - Chris and Kyle discuss the year’s top ten archaeological discoveries and stories related to the Bible. Part 1 discusses the most important finds related to the Bronze Age. We talk Hittites, the location and identification of Sinai, and much more!

    Hosts: Chris McKinny and Kyle Keimer

    Give: Visit our Donate Page if you want to help Biblical World continue by becoming a one-off or regular donor.

    Photo Attribution: The Lion Gate at Hattusa - Photo by Carole Raddato from FRANKFURT, Germany - The Lion Gate flanked by two towers, located at the southwest of the city, the lions were put at the entrance of the city to ward off evil, Hattusa, capital of the Hittite Empire, CC BY-SA 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=123588439

  • Episode: Kyle and Mark talk with Prof. Steve Ortiz about the Archaeology of the United Monarchy. In particular, they focus on the so-called "Solomonic" gates while also touching on the historicity of David and Solomon and issues in the use and dating of archaeological materials.

    Guest: Dr. Steven Ortiz is the Director of the Lanier Center for Archaeology at Lipscomb University where he is also a professor of archaeology and biblical studies. He was the director of the former Tandy Institute for Archaeology at Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary. He is the principal investigator and co-director, along with Sam Wolff, of the Tel Gezer Excavation Project and is one of the directors of the Ilibalyk Project, Kazakhstan, and is the co-director at Tel Burna (Biblical Libnah). He has over 30 years of archaeological experience in Israel as he has been a senior staff member at a variety of major sites. Ortiz’s research and publications focus on the archaeology of David and Solomon, Iron Age I and II transition, and the border relations between Judah and Philistia. He has served or currently holds leadership positions in several scholarly and academic associations. He currently serves on the board of the Albright Institute of Archaeological Research, Jerusalem. He has served ASOR since 2001 as a board member and on various committees. (Adapted from the Lipscomb University website)

    Photo Attribution: CC BY-SA 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=247678.

    Give: Visit our Donate Page if you want to help OnScript continue by becoming a regular donor.

  • Episode: What do we know about children in ancient Israel, about who they were, the lives they led, and the people in their lives? Kristine Garroway is at the forefront of a new interest in the lives of children, and she draws on insights from comparative Ancient Near Eastern literature, archaeology, and the biblical text to help us get to know them better.

    Guest: Dr. Kristine Garroway is Professor of Bible at Hebrew Union College, at the LA campus. She's excavated at Ashkelon, Tel Dor, and Tel Dan, and is the author of Children in the Ancient Near Eastern Household (Eisenbrauns 2014) and Growing up in Ancient Israel (SBL 2018), and has another book forthcoming, The Cult of the Child: The Death and Burial of Children in Ancient Israel (OUP). We'll be discussing Growing Up in Ancient Israel, which won the BAR 2019 Publication Award for Best Book Relating to the Hebrew Bible.

    Give: Visit our Donate Page if you want to help OnScript and Biblical World continue by becoming a regular donor.

  • Episode: Welcome to the first of a multi-part series on the Epic of Gilgamesh, hosted by Chris McKinny and Amy Balogh! Why is this story so important, and what might it say about how we read the Bible? Where did it come from? What's its relationship to real places and history? What does it have to say to themes like guilt, grief, and what it means to be human? Does Gilgamesh have anything to say about the development of the Bible, or the biblical flood story (Gen 6-9), or David and Jonathan? This is an in-depth series, so gird your loins and get ready for a wild ride.

    Hosts: Chris McKinny and Amy Balogh

    References: Irving Finkel, The Ark Before Noah.

    Give: Visit our Donate Page if you want to help Biblical World and OnScript continue by becoming a regular donor.

    Image Description and Attribution: Possible representation of Gilgamesh as Master of Animals, grasping a lion in his left arm and snake in his right hand, in an Assyrian palace relief (713–706 BC), from Dur-Sharrukin, now held in the Louvre By, Unknown artist - Jastrow (2006), Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=866865

  • Episode: Suzanna Millar and Sébastien Doane introduce us to a newer field in biblical studies that focuses on animals in the Bible and ancient Near East. Millar and Doane co-chair "The Bible and Animal Studies" program unit at the Society for Biblical Literature.

    Guests: Dr. Suzanna Millar is the Chancellor's Fellow in Hebrew Bible/Old Testament at the University of Edinburgh. She co-edited the Cambridge Companion to Biblical Wisdom literature, and is also interested in ecology and non-human animals. She's also editing the forthcoming Oxford Handbook of the Bible and Animals and is writing a book tentatively entitled Animals and Power in the Books of Samuel.

    Dr. Sébastien Doane is Associate Professor of Biblical Studies at the Université Laval. He's the author of several books, including Questions controversées sur Jésus (Montréal, Novalis, 2023) and Analyse de la réponse du lecteur au récit des origines de Jésus en Mt 1-2 (Leuven, Peeters, 2019). He's currently writing Reading the Bible Amid the Environmental Crisis: Interdisciplinary Insights to Ecological Hermeneutics (Lexington).

    Image Attribution: By Syrischer Maler um 1335 - The Yorck Project (2002), Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=159265

    Give: Visit our Donate Page if you want to help Biblical World continue by becoming a regular donor.

    Live Event! If you’d like to attend our live event in San Antonio on Nov 19, click HERE.

  • Episode: In this episode, Amy Balogh interviews Prof. Azzan Yadin-Israel (Rutgers University) about his recent book Temptation Transformed: The Story of How the Forbidden Fruit Became an Apple (Univ of Chicago Press, 2023) in which he finally solves the mystery of how the “fruit” of Genesis 2-3 came to be known as an apple. This is the third installment of the “New Perspectives on the Bible and Nature” series.

    Guest: Prof. Azzan Yadin-Israel is Professor of Jewish Studies at Rutgers University. He's the author of four books, the most recent of which we discuss in this episode:

    Temptation Transformed: The Story of How the Forbidden Fruit Became an Apple (Univ of Chicago Press, 2023)Scripture and Tradition: Rabbi Akiva and the Triumph of Midrash. University of Pennsylvania Press, 2015.Intuitive Vocabulary: German. Lingua Press, 2013.Scripture as Logos: Rabbi Ishmael and the Origins of Midrash. University of Pennsylvania Press, 2004.

    Extra! The book has a companion site that art/iconography lovers will certainly want to check out: https://treeofknowledgeart.com

    Give: Help support OnScript’s Biblical World as we grow and develop. Click HERE.

  • Episode: In this episode, Amy speaks with Prof. Erica Ferg (Regis University) about the impact of geography on the religious history of the Eastern Mediterranean, including the Baal Cycle from Ugarit and the biblical story of Elijah. Erica’s research focuses on the agricultural communities of the Levant and the lived experiences that shaped how people viewed the religious traditions of the biblical world in the pre-modern era, which is the subject of her book Geography, Religion, Gods, and Saints in the Eastern Mediterranean (Routledge, 2020).

    Guest: (From the Regis Univ. website) Dr. Erica Ferg is Associate Professor of Liberal Arts and Religious Studies at Regis University. Her research focuses on Mediterranean comparative religion, comparative linguistics, and archaeoastronomy. Prior to academia, Erica was a Persian linguist in the United States Air Force. Erica's first book, Geography, Religion, Gods, and Saints in the Eastern Mediterranean, was published in paperback in January 2022 by Routledge. Erica currently is at work on her second book, entitled Starry Nights: A Celestial History of Religion in the Mediterranean.

    Give: Help support OnScript’s Biblical World as we grow and develop. Click HERE.

  • Episode: This episode covers new terrain for Biblical World. Amy speaks with Ron Simkins about the environmental crisis, ancient Israel, and an economy of enough. This is part 1 of our series on "The Bible and Nature".

    Guest: (From the Creighton University website) Ronald Simkins is Professor of Theology and Classical & Near Eastern Studies at Creighton University. He also directs the Kripke Center for the Study of Religion and Society. He completed his graduate studies at Harvard University in Near Eastern Languages and Civilization, with specialties in the history, literature, and religion of ancient Israel, Hebrew, and epigraphy. He regularly teach courses on the Hebrew Bible, archaeology, and history. He's the founding and general editor of the Journal of Religion & Society. He has also produced the digital archaeology project, The Virtual World Project (http://www.virtualworldproject.org), which enables scholars and students to take virtual tours of archaeological sites in Israel and Jordan. He, along with other colleagues, continue to contribute to the project. Simkins is the author of Creator and Creation: Nature in the Worldview of Ancient Israel (Hendrickson, 1994), Yahweh’s Activity in History and Nature in the Book of Joel (The Edwin Mellen Press, 1991), and most recently, Creation and Ecology: The Political Economy of Ancient Israel and the Environmental Crisis (Cascade, 2020).

    Give: Help support OnScript’s Biblical World as we grow and develop. Click HERE.

  • Episode: Biblical World co-host Kyle Keimer discusses his research on King Hezekiah's preparations for the Assyrian attack in 701 BCE. How do archaeologists determine the nature and extent of Hezekiah's defensive network? Did the Judeans use fire signals? How did the king prepare for war (and pay for it)? Listen in for a fascinating discussion of Keimer's archaeological, biblical, and geographical thoughts on this crucial event in Judah's history.

    Guest: Kyle Keimer is Senior Research Fellow in the Department of History and Archaeology at Macquarie University, where he was Senior Lecturer in Archaeology, History, and Language of Ancient Israel. He also lectures at Jerusalem University College. For over 20 years he has been excavating in Israel and Cyprus and was co-director of the Khirbet el-Rai excavations. He loves digging as much as he loves working with ancient texts, especially the books of 1-2 Samuel and Isaiah. His research currently focuses on the early Israelite monarchy in text and archaeology. He’s co-edited Registers and Modes of Communication in the Ancient Near East (Routledge) and The Ancient Israelite World (Routledge), and he's published articles in various journals. His UCLA Ph.D. dissertation was on "The Socioeconomic Impact of Hezekiah’s Preparations for Rebellion."

    Give: Help support OnScript’s Biblical World as we grow and develop. Click HERE.

  • Episode: In this episode, Kyle and Chris chat with Shlomit Bechar of Haifa University about her recent book Political Change and Material Culture in Middle to Late Bronze Age Canaan (Eisenbrauns 2022). We tackle the topic of how changes in the material culture relate to political events (in particular the expulsion of the Hyksos from Egypt and Thutmose III's campaign to Canaan), the excavations at the mega-site of Hazor, the challenges in defining archaeological periods, literary archives in Hazor, and we even hear about Kyle almost finding the long-sought archive at Hazor. We also hear about Shlomit's new project excavating in the lower city of Hazor.

    Guest: (from the Univ. Haifa website) Shlomit Bechar is a senior lecturer at the School of Archaeology and Maritime Cultures at the University of Haifa. She is the director of the excavations in the Lower City of Tel Hazor in the Upper Galilee. Shlomit specializes in ceramic analysis to ask questions relating to social differentiation, interconnections between different cultures, trade relations, economic change and challenges, and more recently to identify methods of resilience to climate change. She combines the study of pottery and architecture with geochemical and geophysical aspects, environmental considerations, economic processes and the wider socio-political context, while leading and joining several interdisciplinary research projects. Her current projects examine the interactions between humans and environment in wetlands, focusing on the inland wetland of the Hula Lake, identify the creation of memory and narratives through archaeology, and study the daily life of people in the Middle and Late Bronze Age.

    Link to Dr. Bechar's excavation in the Lower City of Hazorhttps://www.biblicalarchaeology.org/dig/tel-hazor-lower-city/#directorsSec

    Give: Help support OnScript’s Biblical World as we grow and develop. Click HERE.