Episodes

  • 260 - Flame On

    · Science... sort of

    00:00:00 - This week Ryan interviews W. John Calder, who just finished his Ph.D. studying fire ecology and paleoclimate. We spend the first segment talking about the basics of his research, and some admittedly nitpicky differences between their fields. 00:36:30 - Fires are best put out with liquid, but maybe not this kind of liquid. Ryan is sipping on some Bone Snapper Rye Whiskey with Bittermens Burlesque Bitters, both gifts from his wife.  0038:43 - In part two of Ryan's talk with John, they discuss his paper published in the prestigious PNAS as well as some of the work from his recently submitted dissertation. If you want to keep up with John and his work, you can follow him on Twitter: @W_John_Calder 01:31:38 - PaleoPOWs are a lot like fire, cool in the kitchen for a second, but then they aren't. Ryan thanks Philip O. for a recent donation, and asks how the rest of the audience feels about doing something special for the upcoming eclipse in North America. Also, we're now on Patreon if you're interested in supporting the show and getting some sweet rewards for doing so.  Thanks for listening and be sure to check out the Brachiolope Media Network for more great science podcasts! Music for this week's show: The Burn - Matchbox Twenty Store Bought Bones - The Raconteurs Fire Lake - Bob Seger& The Silver Bullet Band

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  • 259 - Stuck on You

    · Science... sort of

    00:00:00 - Kelly has a new paper out! It's about wasps being parasites within other parasites right on campus where she works, so that's about as nifty as it gets. You can watch a video about the study here, and read the open access paper here. 00:20:15 - Nothing like thinking about having your brain infected by parasites to make you want a drink, right? Joe thinks he's being original but doesn't realize he's just Jacob because they both thought it would be cool to drink Soylent on the show. Joe's is chocolate flavored instead of coffee, so there's that. Ryan feels cheated with his supposedly 'Scandanavian' Cider that's actually made in Estonia. Not cool! 00:29:16 - Frog tongues, how do they work? Part of the answer is in their selectively stick spit. Also, they swallow with their eyes somehow? That's weird. Frogs are weird. But that doesn't mean you should steal them. Listen to Chunk and don't take amphibians that aren't yours. Joe also reminds us of dirty misspellings and makes puns, feel free voice your disapproval directly to him. 00:50:12 - PaleoPOWs are a lot like frog's swallowing; they both involve more moving parts than you'd expect. Kelly begins with a donation from Eric W. who wanted to thank us for getting him through some tough times. You're welcome and thank you for supporting the show! Joe has more to say about frogs thanks to an e-mail about American Bullfrogs invading Canada as researched by Hans C. And Ryan wraps up with a new 5-star iTunes review (our favorite kind!).  Thanks for listening and be sure to check out the Brachiolope Media Network for more great science podcasts! Music for this week's show: Smile Like You Mean It - The Killers The Sporting Life - The Decemberists Speaking In Tongues - The Eagles of Death Metal

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  • 258 - The Sweet Sound of Science

    · Science... sort of

    00:00:00 - Do you ever wonder how those music ID services work so well? Well wonder no further because we've got Tim Dobbs here to explain it! 00:24:49 - That noise on the microphone? That's us drinking, but don't worry, we'll tell you what's in the glass. Patrick continues his quest to try beers Ryan hasn't had, this time with a Sierra Nevada Single Hop Cascade IPA, but you'll have to listen to see if he's bested Ryan. Ryan classes up the joint with a Chateau Palais Cardinal 2011 St. Emilion Grand Cru from Bordeaux. Dang. Tim finishes up the segment with a Shade of Gray, Black, and White IPA plus some silly RadioLab noises, because we're fairly sure that's not an overdone joke just yet. 00:33:05 - If you enjoy food then you should think about what you're listening to while you eat it, because research is showing that the sounds in your ears can affect the feeling and flavors in your mouth. Plus, super spooky ghosts and the sounds that make them (maybe). 01:02:48 - PaleoPOWs are a lot like seasoning, necessary but if you overdo it everyone is unhappy. Tim starts off with a donation from Brandon J., which makes the show possible, y'all. Thanks, Brandon! Patrick ponders a question from Terry R. asking about maps of earth through the ages. You can check out this website for some cool maps, plus Stephen Jay Gould's The Book Of Life and Ryan's joke answer of The World of Ice and Fire for a map of Westeros. Also, check out this debated island in a lake which is on an island in a lake on an island. Finally, Ryan reads a 5-star iTunes review from Mateo L. who assures readers that the show gets better. Be sure to check out Tim's podcast Encyclopedia Brunch and Ryan stint on Jurassic Park Minute beginning with minute 67.  Thanks for listening and be sure to check out the Brachiolope Media Network for more great science podcasts! Music for this week's show: 5-Sax Piece - Moon Hooch Many Shades of Black - The Raconteurs Wires - Matt & Kim

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  • 257 - Small Moves

    · Science... sort of

    00:00:00 - Usually whenever you want to make up nonsense that sounds plausible, you throw in the word 'quantum'. We're all guilty of it from time to time. Fortunately, we have Ben Tippett here to explain the actual quantum happenings behind our first observation of quantum distortion in empty space. You can read the paper on the arXiv here.  00:27:19 - Extra long drinks segment because there's just so much to talk about! Ben's perfect memory of every previous episode fails him just this once when he has the Swedish holiday soda Dryck Julmust, just like Ryan already had on episode 234. Silly, Ben. Ryan is feeling ambitious, so he drinks an entire Galaxy from Funkwerks. Jacob, an adult with stuff to get done mixes a meal with his caffeine by giving Coffiest from (probably not using people as an ingredient but still suspicious) Soylent a try.  00:45:45 - When you think of radar, you probably think of green blips signaling enemy aircraft, but Google's ATAP group has just announced Project Soli, which aims to put a microchip with radar sensors in your phone so you can make things happen just by moving your hands around. Jacob thinks it's a big deal, and he's usually right about these sorts of things so listen up. 01:08:36 - ben has donation from Peter P. (@vituanpeterphan), who also supports The Titanium Physicists because he's a doubly awesome dude. Thanks, Peter! Jacob is up next with a story from Joe S. about a thruster that seems to violate the laws of physics. DOES IT?! You'll have to listen to find out. Ryan winds things down with a quick correction regarding chlorophyll from episode 254 sent it by Paul K.  Thanks for listening and be sure to check out the Brachiolope Media Network for more great science podcasts! Music for this week's show: Collapsing Stars - The Mountain Goats Enter Galactic (Love Connection Part I) - Kid Cudi The Hardest Button To Button - The White Stripes

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  • Special Edition 14.2: AGU - Oceans and Outreach, Part 2

    · Science... sort of

    More of Ryan bumming around a professional meeting, microphone in hand. 00:00:00 - First up is Stacey Felgate (@StaceyFelgate) and Kim Gottschalk (@Kim_Gottschalk). Stacey tells us a little bit about her work on blue carbon storage in salt marshes. Next, Kim tells us about her project investigating the source of Antarctic bottom water with GO-SHIP. They both also have a lot of recommendations for how to get involved in research as an undergrad, which you can learn about with these links: Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution NSF's Research Experiences for Undergraduates (REU) NSF's Louis Stokes Alliances for Minority Participation The Scottish Association for Marine Science (SAMS) Bermuda Institute of Ocean Sciences (BIOS) 00:23:04 - We end our AGU coverage shooting the breeze with our old friend Miles Traer (@Geo_Miles), who was also working the meeting from multiple angles and drawing cartoons the whole while. Per usual, the conversation strays from geoscience to pop culture asking the big questions like, "Could the Death Star really blow up a planet?" (Answer) and "Is Independence Day actually a good movie?" (Answer). At some point, Miles may even talk about the actual research he's been up to.  01:09:40 - PaleoPOWs are a lot like conferences, neither have enough coffee to go around. This week we're thanking Moe S. for his continued patronage and recent donation. Moe's reminds us that it's never too late to get an education and we thank him for being a loyal listener all these years. All the feels. Thanks for listening and be sure to check out the Brachiolope Media Network for more great science podcasts!

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  • Special Edition 14: AGU - Oceans and Outreach, Part 1

    · Science... sort of

    Ryan is live at the AGU Fall Meeting and people agree to talk to him. 00:00:00 - First, we chat Martín S Hoecker-Martínez about his philosophy of outreach and his work studying the carbon fluxing of the ocean around Antarctica with ORCAS (acronym, not the animal). Be sure to follow him on Twitter (@msmithma) and learn more with these helpful links: ORCAS project Website Flight planning Website Videos related to ORCAS The Global Greenhouse Gas Reference Network run by The NOAA Earth System Research Laboratory (@NOAA_ESRL) Figure and related press release showing the boundary of 400 ppm CO2 air as they measured it across Drake passage NASA's Orbiting Carbon Observatory Which has been used to make cool visualizations of CO2 00:38:44 - In between segments we drink, but it's early so have some Holler Mountain coffee from Stumptown. 00:40:03 - Next up, former guest and friend of the show Jane Zelikova updates us on what's been keeping her so busy, and it's a lot:  Jane's not super happy about the upcoming Trump administration, so she's gone to a rally. And founded an organization, 500 Women Scientists, which you can also support! A starred in a movie, The End of Snow (trailer). In addition to her day job, working as a fellow for the American Association for the Advancement of Science and the Department of Energy in the coal division, nothing divisive on that subject... Keep up with her (if you can (you can't)) on Twitter (@j_zelikova)and Instagram (@zeli_j) 01:04:03 - PaleoPOWs are a lot like large meetings, it's easy to feel insignificant but people probably still like you. This week we're happy to have a donation from Victor C. who gives us some holiday cheer along with some money. Thanks, Victor! Thanks for listening, part 2 coming soon!

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  • 256 - Giving Thanks VI: You're Welcome

    · Science... sort of

    00:00:00 - It's our annual Thanksgiving show! That means 100% for 100% of this one show. Enjoy it! First up, Bettina wants to know what Ryan, Patrick, and Charlie think about the concept of rewilding. Ryan discussed this topic on an episode of Generation Anthropocene, but Patrick and Charlie have their own thoughts to contribute as well. Plus it's already happening in Siberia because of course it is.  00:14:29 - Drinking helps many of us survive the holidays, and we're no exception. Ryan begins with some Epic Artisinal Turkey Sipping Broth. Sounds gross? Yeah, it kind of is. But it goes down smooth with Surly Hell. Charlie has some dirty Italian table wine, but he makes it sound good somehow. Last up, Patrick is worried the guys will snub his economic choice for a Founder's All Day IPA, but he is wrong... sort of.  00:21:49 - Next up, Keith has many many questions. The guys have fewer answer, but they try their best. Here are some of the topics considered: Why do so many tetrapods have five digits?  How are cockroaches, shrimps, and spiders all related?  How did sexual reproduction evolve?  And some physics stuff with help from Ben, especially episode 59 of The Titanium Physicists! 00:46:44 - Clay the Human requests a return to form, so the guys oblige and discuss a movie preview in the return of Trailer Trash Talk! This week, the sci-fi thriller Passengers, which earns a thumbs-up from all three in addition to revealing one of Ryan's greatest fears.  01:01:04 - Last up, Cesar M. from Australia already knows about the Azolla event, but we didn't so we explain that a bit, and wants to know about it's potential to mitigate climate change. Thanks to everyone who listens and contributes to the show, we literally couldn't do this without you! Music for this week's show: Wild One - Those Darlins Jive Turkey - Ohio Players Questions And Answers - The Apples in Stereo Wake Me Up When September Ends - Green Day

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  • 255 - Big Snakes and Old Lakes

    · Science... sort of

    To begin, a brief word on the election. More on what we can all do next to follow down the line. Stay tuned. 00:00:00 - Patrick and Ryan are very excited to be joined by Alex Hastings, Assistant Curator at the Virginia Museum of Natural History and all around crocodylian expert. We spend the first segment of the show pestering him about all things croc and croc-related, and there's a lot.  00:31:25 - Now is a time to come together, and possibly have a drink. Alex somehow found a beer dedicated to the giant snake Titanoboa, so what else could he possibly have had? Patrick keeps it local with a Little Red RooStarr Coffee Cream Stout, which sounds complex but also smooth. Ryan needs to give his stomach a bit of a break so opts for some Pepto-Bismol in lieu of alcohol. 00:35:52 - Alex, in addition to all his research and curation, was also in a documentary called Graveyard of the Giant Beasts from PBS about giant crocs fighting extra long snakes. Sounds far-fetched, but probably actually happened, and Alex got to help tell their story. Be sure to like the VNMH on Facebook and follow Alex on Twitter for more updates on his efforts to bring exciting paleo to the people. 01:00:04 - Listeners are a lot like documentaries, you're hesitant to listen to them, but when you do it's usually worth it. First, Ryan celebrates the largesse of Elizabeth D., who gave us a donation and that's just dandy. Patrick finishes up with an iTunes review from bkaph11. We like reviews too, so it's kudos all around.  Thanks for listening and be sure to check out the Brachiolope Media Network for more great science podcasts! Music for this week's show: Crocodile Rock - Elton John Crawlin King Snake - Muddy Waters Reptilia - The Strokes

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  • 254 - Bear Necessities

    · Science... sort of

    00:00:00 - Worried about your cherry supply in the coming years? Well, bears may have you covered. According to a new study out of Japan, mountain-climbing bears seem adept at moving cherry seeds uphill to escape rising temperatures. However, according to the most recent IPCC report, not all plants and animals will be so lucky.  00:19:45 - Some weeks you need a drink. This was one of those weeks. Ryan has an árcáná to get a little magic in his life. Patrick is proud to finally find a beer Ryan hasn't had with a Yee-Haw Eighty leading to a discussion of the peculiarities of Scottish beer. Charlie, in reference to hop's cousin, has a Topcutter IPA from a local vineyard-esque brewery. 00:30:50 - NEWSFLASH: As you get closer to a star, things heat up. All stars have a snow line, where water shifts from vapor to ice, and for the first time, we've spotted one around another star.  00:42:45 - PaleoPOWs are a lot like water, maybe kind of boring but undeniably important. Ryan is up first to thank former guest of the show John Pohl for yet another generous donation and for taking Ryan out for dinner and drinks. A real mensch. Patrick is up next with a long e-mail from Jon B. presenting his theory on the lack of green mammals. The boys proceed to butcher it. Charlie finishes up with an e-mail from Les I. whose been doing some pretty epic hiking with his boo to have a boo at some alluvial fans, a curious geological feature explained by Charlie. See the photos from his adventure on our Flickr page. Music for this week's show: The Bear and the Maiden Fair - The Hold Steady Heavy - Collective Soul Grey Ice Water - Modest Mouse

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  • 253 - Exploration Big and Small

    · Science... sort of

    00:00:00 - Thanks to Joe, it's the return of the Elon Musk Happy Hour! This time, Musk wants to send loads of people to Mars, probably forever. In traditional Science... sort of fashion we ask: is this a thing? And maybe more importantly, would you go? (Also, Ryan says go read Seveneves.) 00:31:03 - Mars is pretty dry, so it'll be important to stay hydrated once there. Kelly staves off feeling sick with water and Tums but manages to sneak in a plug for The Expanse series of books. Joe confuses everyone with his Fungal Fruit Soda. And Ryan has a beer called Bomb! because of integrity or something.   00:41:50 - This summer 183 miles of the Yellowstone River because an animal related to jellyfish evolved into a parasite millions of years ago. Kelly is amazed by this and explains why it's cool. And a final book recommendation for the episode: I Contain Multitudes by (future guest of the show?) Ed Yong 00:55:54 - PaleoPOWs are a lot like future guests of the show, both are riddled with uncertainty. Things begin a bit somber with the death of Sharon Gray, a botanist killed while doing research in Ethiopia. The reasons surrounding her death are heartbreaking, but a GoFundMe campaign has been set up to help young women succeed in science in her memory. As a complete about face, Joe thanks Angie RK for her recent iTunes review and Kelly thanks Simon L. for throwing some cash our way. Finally, Ryan expounds upon Colin from San Diego's theory about yawning and ends up doing a fair bit of research on the topic. Strap in. Thanks for listening and be sure to check out the Brachiolope Media Network for more great science podcasts! Music for this week's show: Planetary (GO!) [Lags Gallows Remix] - My Chemical Romance We Are Sex Bob-Omb (Fast) - Beck and Nigel Godrich I Told You I Was Freaky - Flight of the Conchords

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  • 252 - Weasel Force Five

    · Science... sort of

    00:00:00 - We begin arguing about rabbits, as you do. Ryan rejects Ben's phony phylogeny and espouses the truth of Glires. Don't let Ben lead you astray. 00:00:54 - We're all happy with the four fundamental forces we know and love, but what if there was a fifth force? A Hungarian team is claiming they might have found one, which is a pretty big deal. You can read their paper now on the arXiv. 00:39:59 - If you made it through Ben's explanations in the first segment, you deserve a drink. Joe, back from his physics sabbatical, is refreshing himself with aTractor Soda Co. Cherry Cream Soda, with some confusing claims but good flavor. Ryan has an Elder Brett from Epic Brewing Co. in part so he can discuss an article about "wild beers" sent to him by Kendall in Denver. Ben has Jones Soda Cream Soda with a picture of a Moose on it. Also, Joe's car is free because we're a bit off the rails this week. And SpaceX has a little problem that Ryan gets excited about. 00:59:35 - Finally, weasels! Weasels are great and Ryan wants to talk about them. He learned a lot reading this article, but there's so much more to say. Including where their name comes from, and whether or not we can reform it as something more positive. You'll just have to listen for the rest of it. 01:32:23 - PaleoPOWs are a lot like weasels, they're great if you give them a chance. Ryan begins with a donation from Gerhardus R. in South Africa and a quick second mention of Jeff M. who donated again after catching up with Ryan on Steam. Ben's up next with a voicemail from Allie to thank us for doing the show. You're welcome! Joe wraps it up with a new 5-star iTunes review from Luke R. Edwards, who appreciates our tangents so much have loved this episode. Thanks for listening and be sure to check out the Brachiolope Media Network for more great science podcasts! Music for this week's show: Use The Force - Jamiroquai Walk On The Wild Side - Lou Reed Weasal Face - Ramones

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  • 251 - Mezcales y Moas

    · Science... sort of

    00:00:00 - Mezcal is a magical and misunderstood spirit. Abe, Jacob, and Ryan spend some time breaking down just what the spirit is, from the myths about worms to the economies of towns trying to use craft distillates to escape the horrors of the drug trade. It's complicated. What's a bit simpler, somehow, are the fluid dynamics at play in determining proof, known as the pearls of mezcal. A team has presented their findings on the phenomenon, and we try to explain the science at play. 00:31:58 - Abe, unsurprisingly, is enjoying an agave-based spirit, but in the form of an elixir that seems new yet familiar at the same time. Jacob is up next and braces for mockery with a beer he already had in episode 101. Abe and Ryan had no intentions for teasing, but when it's invited it's hard to resist. Ryan goes full hipster with a Multinational Horn-Dog Black Saison that he makes Abe describe because Abe made it in the first place. Delicious!  00:44:17 - Moa were giant terrifying monster-birds from New Zealand. And they're extinct. Did they die because of climate or because of humans? A recent study suggests the latter. The team used genetics, which seems straightforward enough, but leads to a discussion about the potential problems with blaming native peoples for local extinctions. The boys seems to conclude that humans are just humans, no judgement needed beyond universal human foibles.  01:05:52 - PaleoPOWs are a lot like moas, oversized and prone to destruction. Ryan begins with an overdue thanks to recurring donor Jeff E. Thanks, Jeff! Next up, Jacob has an e-mail from Matt M. pruporting to explaing the phrase "going commando" as referenced in our recent interview with Mary Roach. It's a fun explanation, but is it a "just-so story"? Trying to work backwards, it seems kilts may be to blame as the original source of eschewing underwear. This leads to pontifications on the nature of meta-skepticism, literally debunking the debunkers. Abe wraps things up with a question from Tyler V. about the possibility of a Spanish-language science podcast. Seeing as there are more native Spanish speakers than native English speakers, seems like a no-brainer, but not something we can quite pull off at this point, though we have talked internally about it. Music for this week's show: Another Pearl - Badly Drawn Boy Home - Edward Sharpe and the Magnetic Zeroes The Bird That You Can't See - Apples in Stereo

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  • 250 - Quarter Quell

    · Science... sort of

    It's episode 250 and thus a fine time to return to form with Patrick, Charlie, and Ryan! 00:00:00 - Mars is dead, long live Mars! Mars used to have oceans, active volcanoes, maybe even tectonics. So what happened? The guys explore how it might have become a hunk of rock we keep having to rescue Matt Damon from. Also, there's a whole book series on how we might (fictionally) bring it back to life.  0027:57 - However it got that way, Mars is now dry enough to leave one mighty parched. Let us quench. Patrick begins with a beer left behind in his fridge by Ryan, a Siamese Twin Ale from Uncommon Brewers located in the birthplace of the show, Santa Cruz, California. Charlie expertly extracts the hot bean juice from an exquisite Ganesha Espresso bean for 28 seconds at 201 degrees C at 9 bars of pressure. Ryan fires back with a Kerberos Tripel our of a double-walled growler, a three-headed beer for the three originals being back together. 00:34:50 - Is the Loch Ness Monster real? No. It's super not real. BUT, Google decided to play along and put some cameras in the loch. This somehow becomes a very deep conversation on the philosophy of science and the role technology plays in shaping our reality. Go figure. 00:59:34 - PaleoPOWs are a lot like unexpectedly deep conversations; most people skip them if able to. Ryan begins with a new recurring donation from Sonya P. Thanks, Sonya! Charlie fields an energetics question from Jacob M. about the stillsuits featured in the novel Dune. Patrick finished with a question from Graeme N. about the aquatic ape hypothesis of human evolution. Ryan and Patrick argue again because why agree on anything ever? Thanks for listening and be sure to check out the Brachiolope Media Network for more great science podcasts! Music for this week's show: Nothin' On You - B.o.B. Straw Dog - Something Corporate Get It Faster - Jimmy Eat World  

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  • 249 - The Maillard Underground

    · Science... sort of

    00:00:00 - Do you eat food? If you do you probably appreciate the Maillard reaction even if you've never heard of it. We try to drop some science on your plate! Want even more food science? This book has you covered. 00:35:09 - Joe begins the drinking segment by tying things back to the Maillard reaction with a Lester's Fixins Bacon with Maple Syrup Soda, which sounds, and tastes, terrible. Chad and Ryan insist her finish it. Ryan has a Segua Red Ale, a Costa Rican microbrew based on a Costa Rican legend. Chad has a fruit smoothie because sometimes you just have to clear out the freezer. 00:45:05 - Archeologists have found many ancient subterranean cities. What happened to us all wanting to live underground together?  Joe explains some of the benefits and pratfalls of trying to make a go of putting a lot of people under the earth, including some more recent attempts.  01:01:44 - PaleoPOWs are a lot like underground cities, they were sort of in vogue once upon a time. Joe begins by thanking Jeff M. for a donation. Thanks, Jeff! Ryan has an e-mail from Anne who wants to know if all her friends getting into the paleo-diet are onto something or not. Ryan, an actual paleontologist, is no great fan and lists some reasons why. For more info, check out this Scientific American article or go buy the book Paleofantasy: What Evolution Really Tells Us about Sex, Diet, and How We Live. Last up, Chad has an article from Mike J. about another idea to get fuel from water, but this time with a twist. Chad and Ryan dive into the details, including trying to explain the entire ocean and how we're messing it up. Maybe a bit ambitious, but there you have it. Thanks for listening and be sure to check out the Brachiolope Media Network for more great science podcasts! Music for this week's show: Heart Cooks Brain - Modest Mouse Smooth Criminal - Alien Ant Farm Subterranean Homesick Blues - Bob Dylan

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  • 248 - Trouble and Strife

    · Science... sort of

    00:00:00 - We are excited to announce the long awaited return of Jacob Stump! Jacob is back so we might as well start out with a poorly planned mission to Mars. Specifically, is Mars One a scam? If you believe one of their selected 'astronauts' then probably yes. 00:25:24 - Much like they're not actually going to Mars, Jacob spends some time telling us what he's not drinking before finally telling us that he's having some Spanish wine. Patrick is doubling down with another Get Elevated from Matty J. which prompts a discussion of handedness. Ryan advocates his left-handed lifestyle and recommends a book for those who want to learn more about his affliction. Ryan also is back to his beer roots enjoying a DirtWolf Double IPA from Victory Brewing.  00:41:23 - Jupiter's wife Juno has come home in the form of a probe sent by NASA. Even President Obama was excited about it. Ryan gets excited just talking about Jupiter, but Patrick and Jacob have some pretty cool things about the probe and its science mission around our solar system's largest planet.  01:18:14 - PaleoPOWs are a lot like wives, they deserve love and respect. Patrick begins with his favorite: a new recurring donation from Scott P. High fives to Scott! Ryan goes next and proceeds to put his foot firmly in his mouth talking about Creationism vs evolution thanks to this story from NPR submitted by listener Chris N. Thanks a lot, Chris. Fortunately, Patrick and Jacob are here to smooth things over. Phew. Jacob finishes things off with new 5-star iTunes review from dearknurl. Always appreciated. Thanks for listening and be sure to check out the Brachiolope Media Network for more great science podcasts! Music for this week's show: Trouble Weighs A Ton - Dan Auerbach Holiday In Spain - Counting Crows Juno - Trent Reznor & Atticus Ross (written specifically for this NASA mission, so that's cool)

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  • 247 - The Best Laid Plans

    · Science... sort of

    If you're interested in helping the people of West Virginia recover from some pretty horrific recent flooding, you can check out the list of options compiled by The Huffington Post.  00:00:00 - Patrick and Ryan are joined by Daphne Pringle, who's a post-doctoral fellow at the Hunstman Cancer Institute of the University of Utah. She's sick of us getting epigenetics wrong like we did in episode 241, so she's here to sort us out. She uses mice to study oncogenes and tumors and cancer and all that. It's pretty far outside of our typical biology talk, so segment one is just trying to explain the basics. Here's some background reading: Raf/MEK/ERK, mouse models, and BRAF targeting.  00:35:53 - Alcohol is a carcinogen probably. Oh well. Daphne represents Utah with her Uinta Detour Double IPA. Patrick was sent some cans of Elevated IPA by listener Matty J. Thanks! And Ryan classes up the joint with an Educated Guess Cabernet Sauvignon.  00:43:21 - Now that we have totally covered the basics of Daphne's research, let's talk about her recent publication in PLOS ONE. Will Daphne and her team cure cancer? Only if they can get through the FDA's 15 year approval process! Also, if you wanted to see a Tazzy Devil joey in a pouch, here you go.  01:16:43 - PaleoPOWs are a lot like the FDA approval process; only the strong survive. First up, a new recurring donation from Mark H. Thanks, Mark! Next, Peter C. has a question about population genetics that we're hoping Daphne can help us answer. It involves space travel and maybe racism? Patrick presents a Facebook post from Brennen M. who wants us to know about his favorite book about food science called Modernist Cuisine. Finally, Ryan presents the winners of the iTunes review contest calculated using random.org! The runners up: Kendh and Patrick in Des Moines. And our grand prize goes to Molec-bio! Thanks to everyone who participated. Be sure to follow Daphne on Twitter (@drpringleetal) to follow along as she saves us all.  Thanks for listening and be sure to check out the Brachiolope Media Network for more great science podcasts! Music used in this week's show: Morning New Disease - Jets to Brazil The West Virginia Hills - Moastsville String Ticklers Waiting - Green Day

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  • 246 - Bridging the Gap

    · Science... sort of

    This was our first time recording since the tragic Pulse shooting in Orlando. We encourage our US listeners to share their thoughts with their elected representatives. You can find yours and their contact info here. 00:00:00 - We begin this week by talking about some literal bridge building. Because of things like physics and geology, engineers have to rethink how we build roads around bridges. Joe assumes Ryan and Abe know about soil science. He's wrong. But some researchers at the University of Texas, Arlington, have developed special giant foam blocks to help solve the bridge settling dilemma. All rivers in this segment referred to as Kwai for clarity.  00:21:45 - Drinks, like bridges, get you where you're going. Abe pops the top off a Hop Savant from Crooked Stave. Ryan, thinking back on his afternoon at Corvus Coffee Roasters with Abe, has a Cold Brew IPA from Rogue. Joe B. bucks tradition with a Best Damn Cherry Cola, which while it may not sound like it, is actually an alcoholic beverage. It's not his first time having booze on the show, but it is rare. This leads to a discussion of choosing one's science specialty.  00:29:31 - UPDATES. How often do you actually see follow-up reporting in science journalism? For us, it's rarely. To put our money where our mouth is here is some that. First, Abe is excited to announce that the newly discovered elements first discussed in episode 234 now have names! Next, that weird animal we talked about in episode 229 has finally found a place on the family tree of life (open access paper here), welcome to club Siphonophorae, buddy. 00:48:04 - PaleoPOWs are a lot like updates in that sometimes they really are just updates. Joe starts off complaining about vocal plosives with a new recurring donation from Pedro P. in Chile. Muchas gracias, Pedro! Ryan has an e-mail from frequent correspondent Tyler V., who corrects him about what Einstein won his Nobel prize for in episode 196. Abe finishes things up with an iTunes review, the final review from the Summer Solstice iTunes Review Challenge written by Cynthia. You can also go check out an interview with Joe on the Baja SAE Shop Talk podcast.  Thanks for listening and be sure to check out the Brachiolope Media Network for more great science podcasts! Music for this week's show: Bridge Over Troubled Waters - Simon & Garfunkel Campfire Kansas - The Get Up Kids The Power of Love - Huey Lewis and the News

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  • 245 - Science... Hodor

    · Science... sort of

    This week is all about Game of Thrones and/or A Song of Ice and Fire featuring returning guest to the show Miles Traer! If you're not caught up on both the show and the books, consider this your all-purpose SPOILER WARNING. 00:00:00 - First up: time travel. How does time travel in a fantasy story work? Apparently, there are three options, and we mainly stick to one, but it's not without its paradoxes. Check out this nifty drawing from Ben for a diagram of just what we think happened in the already infamous Hodor episode. 00:37:53 - They drink a lot in Westeros, so to keep it authentic, we follow suit. Ben begins with a double shot of weird Sangaria brand soft drinks: carrot and traditional. Miles follows up with a 'Westerosi'-style cocktail, the Sazerac; even if he and Ryan disagree about the proportions. Ryan does what his wife does, and has a Three Philosophers from Brewery Ommegang. It makes sense in context. 00:44:15 - There's a lot more science to be done in Westeros than just time travel. Fortunately, Matt Shipman organized a blog carnival, featuring science posts from some of our favorite former guests such as Brian Switek, Jacquelyn Gill, and David Hone. And our course a geology post from Miles Traer, which he tells us a bit about, but you'll need to read the whole thing for the details.  01:08:38 - PaleoPOWs are a lot like open-ended epic fantasy series; they're both often long overdue. We being with Ben announcing a new recurring donation from Peter C. Thanks, Peter! Next up, Tyler V. wants to know, based on our previous hesitation to call the Anthropocene a thing, how future paleontologists might respond to the discovery of mass human graves as a feature of the debated epoch. That's pretty dark, Tyler, but we sort of have an answer, and it reminds Ryan in particular of a certain dinosaur site called Ghost Ranch. Ryan has an anniversary message from Cyn, who found the show thanks to Ben, because Ben is great. Finally, be sure to also check out Miles' excellent podcast Generation Anthropocene.   Thanks for listening and be sure to check out the Brachiolope Media Network for more great science podcasts!   Music for this week's show: Game of Throne theme on the Seaboard RISE - ROLI Theme from Game of Thrones - New Orleans Swamp Donkeys Game of Thrones Theme (Western Cover) - Benedikt Mendzigal

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  • 244 - A Grunt's Life

    · Science... sort of

    00:00:00 - This week Ryan is joined by his wife, Juliana Olsson, so they can talk with returning guest and author Mary Roach! We do drinks in the preamble so for all you completists out there: Juli had a Three Philosophers and Ryan had a Birthday Suit. Mary, given her druthers, likes a dry gin martini. But the actual point of our conversation is to talk about her new book is Grunt: The Curious Science of Humans at War and that's what we talk about (mostly). She's on tour promoting the book right now, so go see her if you can and tell her you heard about the tour from us! 00:52:34 - PaloePOWs are a lot like books; they contain a lot of words. Ryan begins with a donation from Liam B., a Canadian donating with US money. How thoughtful! Thanks, Liam. Next up, Todd B. wanted us to watch a video about naked mole rats, the official animal of the podcast. They're pretty cute in an ugly sort of way, and the science being done is pretty cool too. Finally, Ryan reminds y'all that we're running an iTunes review contest. Write a review for us on iTunes between now and the Summer Solstice and be entered in a drawing to win prizes! We've gotten some good ones so far, and feature one from treaest. Thanks for listening and be sure to check out the Brachiolope Media Network for more great science podcasts! Music for this week's show: A Soldiering Life - The Decemberists

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  • Ep 243 - Science... sort of: Science Carols

    · Science... sort of

    00:00:00 - This episode Ben and Ryan chat with Cosmologist Sean Carroll about his new book, The Big Picture. Presented here is the first part of our conversation about a number of topics presented in the book. 00:40:58 - Drinks are like the universe in that they exist. Sean enjoys a gin martini or a Gibson depending on his mood. Sometimes he adds both garnishes and we're just not sure about anything anymore. Ben has some guanabana nectar. Ryan explains what that fruit looks like. And Ryan rounds things out with a Celestial Garden from DC Brau. 00:49:51 - The second half of our interview we continue talking about the book, particularly the contributions of Ibn Sina and Rev. Bayes to momentum and probability, respectively. You can keep up with Dr. Carroll on his website or by following him on Twitter. 01:17:32 - PaleoPOWs are a lot like cosmology; they can take some time to wrap your head around. Ryan begins by thanking Jennifer G. (?) for setting up a new recurring donation. Thanks, Jennifer! Ben has a question from Kenneth B. about which would win: the sun, or a water balloon the size of the sun. Ben, of course, has an answer.   Thanks for listening and be sure to check out the Brachiolope Media Network for more great science podcasts!   Music for this week's show: Princes of the Universe - Queen Onions - The Mountain Goats Time Won't Let Me Go (Sun Version) - The Bravery

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