Episodes

  • CHP-184-The History of Chinese Philosophy Part 1

    · 00:39:06 · The China History Podcast

    After the longest break in the action since 2001, The CHP is back with this pleasant little 9-Part overview covering the history of Chinese philosophy. The series will run from pre-Confucian times clear through to Wang Yangming in the mid Ming Dynasty, a period stretching for more than two thousand years. And don't forget to download the free Infographic that will accompany the series. I predict it will do wonders in keeping all the names, dates, philosophies and texts straight. Thanks for your patience! I hope you enjoy the series.

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  • CHP-183-The Nanjing Massacre Part 2

    · 00:52:25 · The China History Podcast

    Laszlo finishes off the overview of the Rape of Nanking as well as the stories of John Rabe, Robert O. Wilson, Minnie Vautrin, Rev. William Magee and others who directed the Nanjing Safety Zone during the worst weeks of the atrocities.  The aftermath of the Nanjing Massacre is also examined.   TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE: The Nanjing Safety Zone   Nánjīng Ānqúan Qū 南京安全区 Jīnlíng Women's College 金陵女子大学 Now part of Nanjing Normal University Jīnlíng 金陵  ancient name of Nanjing during the Zhou Dynasty Zhū Dé 朱德 Red Army founder Péng Déhuái 彭德怀 Great PLA general and later defense minister Nana-san-ichi Butai  731部队 Unit 731, based in Harbin General Shiro Ishii 石井四郎 Director of Unit 731 Joseph Mengele The German version of Shiro Ishii. Nánjīng Dà Túshā 南京大屠杀 The Nanjing Massacre Okamura Yasuji  岡村宁次 Japanese general who led the brutal Three All’s Policy to Kill all, Burn all, Loot all Yasukuni Shrine 靖国神社 Shinto shrine that commemorates those who died for the Empire of Japan Shì shí qiú shì   实事求是 seek truth from facts, originally from the ancient Book of Han, later made famous by Chairman Mao and then even more famous by Deng Xiaoping.   LINKS: Iris Chang, "The Rape of Nanking - The Forgotten Holocaust if World War II" "The Good German of Nanking - The Diaries of John Rabe" Jay Taylor, "The Generalissimo: Chiang Kai-shek and the Struggle for Modern China" Rana Mitter, "Forgotten Ally: China's World War II 1937-1945" Honda Katsuichi, "The Nanjing Massacre: A Japanese Journalist Confronts Japan's National Shame" Sinica Podcast April 7, 2015 with Lucy Hornby "Comfort Women and the struggle for reparations" Isaac Meyer's excellent History of Japan Podcast YouTube link to the Nanking movie mentioned in CHP-183 Nanjing Massacre Part 2

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  • CHP-182-The Nanjing Massacre Part 1

    · 00:45:14 · The China History Podcast

    By popular demand Laszlo finally introduces the Nanjing Massacre.  This is a very emotional, controversial and sensitive subject for a whole lot of reasons.  Over the next two episodes Laszlo will review material from past episodes to discuss the lead-up to the Massacre. Then in Part 2 the actual event itself as well as the story of the Nanjing Safety Zone and some of the foreigners who became eyewitnesses to the horrors of the Nanjing Massacre.  It's also referred to as the Nanking Massacre and the Rape of Nanking. TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE: Rape of Nanking Nánjīng Dà Túshā 南京大屠杀 (Japanese 南京大虐杀) Also referred to as the Nanjing (Nanking) Massacre. Zēng Guófán 曾国藩  1811-1872 Viceroy of Zhili, founder of the Xiang Army that helped put down the Taiping Rebellion. Zhào Qīzhèng 赵启正  PRC official who has mostly been associated with news organizations. Kublai Khan 忽必烈 Yuan Dynasty founder and grandson of Chinggiz Khan Zhāng Chúnrú 张纯如 Iris Chang 1968-2004, American writer. Honda Katsuichi 本多勝 Japanese journalist and writer who wrote extensively on the Rape of Nanking. Revere the Emperor, Expel the Barbarian (Japanese 攘夷勅命 Sonnō Jōi) Zūnwáng Rǎngyí 尊王攘夷 The Mandarin version of the above phrase. Lǐ Hóngzhāng 李鸿章 1823-1901 Successor to Zeng Guofan, top late Qing era diplomat Treaty of Shimonoseki 下关条约 Signed 1895 at conclusion of 1st Sino-Japanese war Zhāng Zuòlín 张作霖 Warlord of Manchuria from 1922 - 1928. Prime Minister Hamaguchi Osachi 濱口雄幸 Japanese Prime Minister 1929-1931 Jiǔyībā  九一八 The Mukden Incident of September 18, 1931 Manchukuo (Mǎnzhōuguó) 满洲国 Lasted from 1932 to 1945. Puppet state in Manchuria Pǔ Yí 溥仪 The last Qing Emperor, also known as the Xuantong 宣统帝Emperor. Emperor of Manchukuo. Prime Minister Inukai Tsuyoshi 犬養毅 Japanese prime Minster from 1931-1932. Héběi 河北 Northern province of China, where Beijing and Tianjin are geographically located. Shānxī 山西 Northern Province of China, capital at Taiyuan Shāndōng 山东 Coastal northern province Tiānjìn 天津 Northern city in China just east of Beijing Lúshān 庐山 Mountain resort in Jiangxi popular with Nationalist and Communist leaders as a meeting place. Jiāngxī 江西 Province in China, capital at Nanchang Zhōu Dynasty 周朝  Ancient dynasty of China Bái Chóngxǐ 白崇禧  NRA general, close ally to Li Zongren Lǐ Zōngrén 李宗仁 Major military and political figure during the 1920's and 30's. Had a stormy relationship with Chiang Kai-shek. Chóngqìng 重庆 City in Sichuan province, now a stand-alone municipality Wǔhàn 武汉 City in Hubei on the Yangzi River Lǎobǎixìng 老百姓 The people, in this case the Chinese people, (the old 100 surnames). Jiāng-Zhè  江浙区 region Abbreviation for the Jiangsu-Zhejiang region Yamaguchi Tsutomu 山口 彊 1916-2010 A survivor of both the Hiroshima and Nagasaki atomic bombings August 6 and 9, 1945. Nánchāng 南昌 Capital city of Jiangxi province Táng Shēngzhì  唐生智   Nationalist general who was tasked with defending Nanjing Sūn Quán  孙权 Three Kingdoms era leader of the State of Sun Wu. Matsui Iwane 松井石根  Imperial Japanese Army Commander-in-chief for the Shanghai-Nanjing Region Nakajima Kesago 中岛今朝吾  Lt. Gen. in the Imperial Japanese Army Yanagawa Heisuke 柳川平助 General in the Imperial Japanese Army Sūzhōu 苏州 City in Jiangsu province renowned for a thousand things Emperor Hirohito (Emperor Showa 昭和天皇) Emperor of Japan 1926-1989 Prince Asaka Yasuhiko 朝香宮鳩彦王 1887-1981 General in the Imperial Japanese Army, uncle of Emperor Hirohito. Ānhuī 安徽   Province in central China LINKS: Iris Chang, "The Rape of Nanking - The Forgotten Holocaust if World War II" "The Good German of Nanking - The Diaries of John Rabe" Jay Taylor, "The Generalissimo: Chiang Kai-shek and the Struggle for Modern China" Rana Mitter, "Forgotten Ally: China's World War II 1937-1945" Honda Katsuichi, "The Nanjing Massacre: A Japanese Journalist Confronts Japan's National Shame" Sinica Podcast April 7, 2015 with Lucy Hornby "Comfort Women and the struggle for reparations" Isaac Meyer's excellent History of Japan Podcast YouTube link to the Nanking movie mentioned in CHP-183 Nanjing Massacre Part 2

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  • CHP-181-The Early Years of Sino-Russian Relations

    · 01:06:11 · The China History Podcast

    After more than 40 days wandering in the desert Laszlo is back with a topic that languished on the list for more than six years. At last the early years of Russia-China relations can see the light of day (here at Teacup Media, that is). As you can see, this is another one of those hour plus episodes that was not long enough for two episodes and a bit overly long for one. Basically this covers the beginnings back in the late Ming when they first met and mostly in the Qing where all the history happened. This isn't a particularly deep dive on the subject. I first give you a 走马看花 view of the history of Russia's expansion east and how they ended up on the doorstep of Manchuria. Hope you don't mind.   TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE: Míng Dynasty 明朝 Second to last dynasty in Chinese Imperial history 1368-1644 Lóngqìng 隆庆 Ming Dynasty Emperor (1567-1572) Wànlì 万里 Son of Longqing Emperor, reigned a long time 1572-1620 Qing Dynasty 清朝 Last imperial dynasty in China 1644-1912 Xīnjiāng 新疆   Autonomous Region in the northwest of China, formerly referred to as Chinese Turkestan Hēilóng Jiāng 黑龙江 The Black Dragon River (The Amur, and name of Heilongjiang Province) Shùn Zhì 顺治   First emperor of the Qing Dynasty, 1643-1661 Pǔyí 溥仪   The Last Emperor, a.k.a. The Xuantong Emperor, reigned 1908-1912 Northern Sòng  北宋 The first half of the Song Dynasty, lasted from 960-1126 Kāngxī   康熙   Long reigning Qing Emperor, 1661-1722 Jiāyùguān   嘉峪关   The western terminus of the Great Wall of China Songgotu (Suǒ'étú) 索额图 Manchu diplomat during the reign of Kangxi Qiánlóng  乾隆  Another long reigning Qing emperor, 1735-1796 Treaty of Nanjing  南京条约 The marquee "Unequal Treaty" signed in 1842 Hóng Xiùquán 洪秀全 Rebel leader responsible for the Taiping Rebellion Jīntián, Guangxi 广西金田   Place where the Taiping Rebellion was launched Tàipíng Rebellion  太平天国运动   A bloody Rebellion and Civil War all in one, 1850-1864 Hēihé 黑河    City in northeast Manchuria (Heilongjiang) formerly known as Aigun Aìhún   瑷珲 Now called Heihe, formerly called Aigun, site of the signing of the Treaty of Aigun. Yìshān 奕山 Manchu diplomat who was forced into signing the Treaty of Aigun Qíshàn 琦善   Manchu diplomat also forced to sign unequal treaties Lín Zéxú 林则徐   Chinese hero who stood up to the foreign traders and torched their opium Hǔmén  虎门   Located on "The Bogue" in Guangdong, site where Lin Zexu burned the opium Guǎngdōng 广东  Southern province in China Convention of Chuenbi   穿鼻草约  (Chuānbí Cǎoyuē) signed 1841, never ratified. Ili  伊犁   (Yīlí) Town, valley and river name at the northwest border of Xinjiang - Kazakhstan Zuǒ Zōngtáng   左宗棠  (1812-1885) Military leader and statesman from Hunan Li-Lobanov Treaty 中俄密约   (known as the Zhōng É Mìyuē ), signed 1896 Lǐ Hóngzhāng 里鸿章   Co-signer of the Li-Lobanov Treaty), Chinese diplomat and statesman Liaotung Peninsula  辽东半岛 (Liáodōng Bàndǎo) The tip of peninsular Liaoning Province Lǚ Dà Zūdì Tiáoyuē 旅大租地条约   Convention for the Lease of the Liaotung Peninsula at Dalian (大连) Port Arthur Also known as Lüshunkou (旅顺口), Port located at the tip of the Liaodong Peninsula Qīngdǎo 青岛   Scenic city in Shandong, once a German concession Wēihǎiwèi  威海卫   Another scenic city in Shandong, once a British concession, today known simply as Weihai 威海 If you'd like to brush up on your Russian History, may I recommend an old stalwart of mine: MARK SCHAUSS, PRESENTER OF THE RUSSIAN RULERS PODCAST I call it "The CHP of Russian History"  

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  • CHP-180-The Earliest Years of Christianity in China

    · 00:49:36 · The China History Podcast

    Many people don't know that the first preaching of Christianity in China pre-dated the Jesuits by more than nine centuries.  We'll take a second cursory look at the Jesuits as part of a bigger story that includes Christianity in China during the Tang and Yuan dynasties.  We'll see that prior to the arrival of Matteo Ricci, there were two other lesser known attempts to grow Christianity in China.   TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE: Āluóběn   阿罗本 Nestorian monk who visited Chang'an in 635 CE Dàqín Jǐngjiào liúxíng Zhōngguó bēi 大秦景教流行中国碑 "A Monument Commemorating the Propagation of the Dàqín Luminous Religion of China" or "The Story of the Coming of the Religion of Light from the West to China." Jǐngjiào   景教 Nestorian Christianity Tiānzhǔjiào   天主教 Roman Catholicism "the religion of the Lord of Heaven" Dōngzhèngjiào   东正教 Eastern Orthodox “the religion of Eastern Truth” Jīdūjiào 基督教 Protestantism Jīdū 基督 Christ jiào 教 religion or teaching Xīn Jiào 新教   the New religion Lǐ Shìmín 李世民 2nd son of Li Yuan, the Tang founder Táng Tàizōng   唐太宗 Taizong Emperor, formerly known as Li Shimin Fáng Xuánlíng   房玄龄   Chancellor under Taizong Zhōu Gōng 周公 Duke of Zhou Dù Rúhuì   杜如晦 Chancellor under Taizong, colleague of Fang Xuanling Cháng'ān   长安 Capital of Tang Dynasty China (present day Xian) Jǐngjìng   景淨 Christian monk who wrote the story of Alopen on the Nestorian Stele Dàqín 大秦 Rome Xīān 西安 Capital of Shaanxi province, location of ancient of Chang'an Jǐngjiào bēi   景教碑 The Nestorian Stele (or Tablet) bēi 碑 a stele or stone tablet or monument. Fùpíng County Shaanxi   陕西富平县 Northeast of Xian, the place where the stone came from that the Nestorian Stele was made from. Also the ancestral home of President Xi Jinping. Bēilín Bówùguǎn   碑林博物馆 The Forest of Monuments Museum in Xian Xīān Wénchāng Gate   西安文昌门 One of the ancient gates of Xian Táng Wǔzōng   唐武宗 Tang Emperor from 840-846 Huáng Cháo Uprising   黄巢起义 Uprising lasting 881-884, weakened the Tang Dynasty. Khanbaliq 汗八里 Capital of Yuan Dynasty China. Present day Beijing Dàdū   大都 Great Capital...other name for Khanbaliq Hàn Wǔdì   汉武帝 Western Han emperor from 141-87 BCE Xiàmén   厦门 Ancient port city in Fujian Quánzhōu   泉州 Another ancient port city in Fujian Zhū Yuánzhāng   朱元璋 Ming Dynasty founder, also known as the Hongwu Emperor - reigned 1368-1398 Hóngwǔ Emperor 洪武帝 Zhu Yuanzhang, who came from humble beginnings and founded a dynasty. Xú Guāngqǐ   徐光启 Also known as Paul Hsu, a colleague of Matteo Ricci Lǐ Zhīzǎo 李之藻 Along with Xu Guangqi and Yang Tingyun, he was one of the Three Pillars of Catholicism in China. Yáng Tíngyún  杨廷筠 One of the Three Pillars of Catholicism in China Dorgan   多尔衮 Prince Regent during the reign of the Shunzhi Emperor Shùnzhì   顺治 1st Qing Emperor to rule over China 1643-1661 Kāngxī   康熙 Successor to Shunzhi, the longest reigning Chinese emperor 1661-1722 Yōngzhèng 雍正 Successor to the Kangxi Emperor Luō Guànzhōng  罗贯中  Author of the classic novel "Romance of the Three Kingdoms   MATT SHEEHAN'S CHINAFORNIA NEWSLETTER - CHECK IT OUT HERE   JOHN ZHU'S THREE KINGDOMS PODCAST - Click here and check it out   Click here for Laszlo's past episode CHP-098-Ricci, Schall von Bell and Verbiest  

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  • CHP-179-The Ancient History of Silk

    · 00:41:32 · The China History Podcast

    Thanks to Carole in Virginia for giving me enough of a push to get this episode finally produced.  This might have been one of the first ten topics I came up with when I began writing the original list back in 2010.  The history of silk is really an amazing testament to humankind's ingenuity and the randomness of life since Neolithic times. I hope you enjoy this episode.  It turned out to be a much greater story than I was ever aware of. TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE: Shén Nóng   神农 The Divine Farmer, god of agriculture and many other things Qīng Dynasty   清朝   The last imperial dynasty in China - 1644-1911 Dèng Xiǎopíng   邓小平 Chairman of China Bridge Association and great Chinese leader during 20th century Míng Dynasty   明朝 Second to the last dynasty...1368-1644 Táng   唐朝 Dynasty in China 618-907 Ānhuì   安徽 Province in China Fújiàn   福建 Province in China Sòng Dynasty   宋朝   Dynasty in China....960-1279 Yǎngsháo Wenhua 仰韶文化 Yangshao Culture in China..5000 to 3000 BCE more or less Yángshuò County   阳朔县 One of the great sightseeing centers of China, near Guilin Zhèngzhōu   郑州   City in Henan Qīngtaí   清台村 Village in the northwest corner of Zhengzhou on the south bank of the Yellow River Huāxià   华夏 The collective tribes that made up ancient core Han Chinese civilization Xià County   夏县 County in south Shanxi on the border with Henan Shānxī province   山西省 Province in China Qiánshānyàng 钱山漾 town at the south end of Lake Tai near Húzhōu Shāng Dynasty   商朝 China's first "official dynasty," lasted from 1600 to 1046 BCE Huángdì   黄帝 The Yellow Emperor Xī Líng Shì   西陵氏   The discoverer of silk and the primary wife of the Yellow Emperor Léi Zǔ   嫘祖 Other name of Xi Ling Shi by which she is more commonly known Cán Nǎinai   蚕奶奶 The Goddess of Silkworms Cán 蚕 a silk-worm Kǒngfūzǐ   孔夫子 Confucius Shǐ Jì 史记Records of the Grand Historian Lǐ Jì  礼记 Book of Rites nǚgōng 女红 the feminine arts Sūzhōu   苏州 City in Jiangsu Province Nánjīng   南京   Capital city of Jiangsu province Chéngdū   成都   The capital city of Sichuan province Zhāng Qiān   张骞 Great Western Han Dynasty adventurer, instrumental in getting the Silk Road up and running Hàn Wǔdì   汉武帝 Great Western Han Dynasty emperor Wǔyí Mountains   武夷山 Mountains in northern Fujian where some of the best tea in the world comes from Hétián   和田 Formerly called Khotan...a great trading kingdom in present day Xinjiang Jìn Dynasty   晋朝 Dynasty in China: 265-420 CE Suí   隋朝 Dynasty in China from 581-618 Cháng'ān   长安 Present day Xian in Shaanxi Province Qiánlóng   乾隆 Emperor during the heyday of the Qing Dynasty, 1735-1796   Frank Lavin's new World War II book: "Home Front to Battlefront" Web Site: EXPORT NOW if you're looking to break into the China online market with your product. Website for SupChina.com ......everything you need to know to stay on top of China news......Only 3 minutes is all it takes (unless you read ALL the articles)  

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  • CHP-178-William Mesny Part 2

    · 00:45:19 · The China History Podcast

    In part two of this series examining the forgotten life of William Mesny, we hear the second half of his story in China. We're mostly using author David Leffman's 2016 book "The Mercenary Mandarin"   TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE Chéngdū   成都 Capital city of Sichuan Khampa   康巴 Area in eastern Tibet bordering Sichuan Yúnnán   云南 Southwestern province of China Huí   回族 Musilm ethnic minority Guìlín   桂林 Beautiful city in Guangxi Lí River  漓江   River running through Guilin Liǔzhōu   柳州 City in Guangxi Róngshûi   融水 City near Liuzhou Róng’ān   融安   City near Liuzhou Dānzhōu   丹州   City near Liuzhou Miao   苗族 Known as the Hmong in the US, one of China's ethnic minorities Yáo   瑶族 one of China's ethnic minorities Dòng   侗族 one of China's ethnic minorities Zuǒ Zōngtáng   左宗棠 Successful Qing era general Guìyáng   贵阳 Capital of Guizhou Chóngqìng   重庆 Formerly part of Sichuan, now a Municipality Lánzhōu   兰州   Capital of Gansu Zhìlǐ   治理 Old province of China that no longer exists Qīnghǎi   青海 Province in West China Gānsù   甘肃   Province in West China Níngxià   宁夏 Province in West-Central China Shǎolín Temple   少林寺   Famous temple in China Tàiyuán   太原   Capital of Shanxi Shānxī   山西 Province in China Bǎodìng   保定   City in Hebei Lǐ Hóngzhāng   李鸿章 Chinese military leader and diplomat and signer of more than a couple unequal treaties. Zhuōzhōu   涿州   City south of Beijing in Hebei Zhāng Zhīdòng    张之洞 Reforming governor of Shanxi Xīān   西安   Capital of Shaanxi Qínlǐng Mountains   秦岭山   Mountain chain in southern Shaanxi Kūnmíng   昆明   Capital of Yunnan Dōngjīng   东京   Eastern Capital. Can mean Tokyo or Tungking (N. Vietnam) Anhui   安徽 Province in Eastern China Hefei   合肥   Capital of Anhui Guǎngxī   广西   Province in southern China Xinjiang   新疆  Province in northwest China Shaanxi   陕西   Province in north-central China Huangxing Road   黄兴路 Road in Hankou     The Mercenary Mandarin - amazon link to the book Link to Blacksmith Books Link to one of Mesny's Chinese Miscellany (Vol IV) Link to John Pomfrets book "The Beautiful Country and the Middle Kingdom"      

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  • CHP-177-William Mesny Part 1

    · 00:37:57 · The China History Podcast

    In this first part of a two-part series we examine the forgotten life of William Mesny. Drawing from author David Leffman's 2016 book "The Mercenary Mandarin," Laszlo discusses an unknown character from the bad old days of late Qing Dynasty China. Though he never made it to the history books, he nonetheless witnessed and took part in a lot of it. Through Mesny we can once again wander through some of Imperial China's worst years.   TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE Qīng 清朝 The Qing Dynasty 1644-1911 Bǎinián guóchǐ   百年国耻 China's Century of Humiliation Lǐ Hóngzhāng   李鸿章  Famous Chinese military man and diplomat Màishìní Huá-yīng Huìtōng   麦士尼华英会通  "Mesny's Chinese Miscellany" Sòng 宋朝 The Song Dynasty Tàipīng Tiāngguó   太平天国 Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Hóng Xiùquán   洪秀全 The head of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Guǎngxī   广西 Province in Southwest China Húnán   湖南 Province on Central China Cháng Shèng Jūn   常胜军 The Ever-Victorious Army Zhìlǐ   治理 Old province of China that no longer exists Húguǎng   湖广 Hubei - Hunan and surrounding areas Liǎngguǎng 两广   Guangdong - Guangxi Wǔhàn   武汉 Capital City of Hubei Province Zhènjiāng   镇江 City in southwest Jiangsu Sūzhõu   苏州   City in Jiangsu, called the Venice of China Bǎoyīng   宝应 County in central Jiangsu Jiāngsū 江苏 Coastal province in China Yángzhōu   扬州 City in Jiangsu Nânjīng   南京   Capital city of Jiangsu Hànkǒu   汉口 City in Hubei, the "Han" in Wuhan Wǔchāng   武昌 City in Hubei, the "Wu" of Wuhan Hànyáng 汉阳 City in Hubei, part of Wuhan Chóngqìng 重庆 Used to be part of Sichuan, now a municipality Niǎn Jūn Qǐyì   捻军起义 The Nian Rebellion lasted from 1851 – 1868. Miáo Rebellion   苗民起义 Three different rebellions share this name Guìzhōu   贵州   Mountainous interior province in West China Zuǒ Zōngtáng   左宗棠 Famous and very successful general during the Qing Dungan Revolt 同治回辩 Tóngzhì Huí Biàn   Another in a long line of Muslim wars , this one against Yaqub Beg in the northwest of China. Xīnjiāng   新疆 Province in northwest China Zūnyì   遵义 City in Guizhou Táng Jiǒng   唐炯 Governor of Sichuan and early benefactor of Mesny Chóng'ān River   崇安河 River in Guizhou where Mesny's bridge stands Shāndōng   山东 Coastal province in China Jìnán   济南   Capital city of Shandong Dīng Bǎozhēn  丁宝桢 Governor of Sichuan Province Gōng Bǎo Jī Dīng   宫保鸡丁 Kung Pao Chicken Gōng Bǎo   宫保 Palace Guardian    

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  • CHP-176-The History of the Teochew People

    · 00:46:09 · The China History Podcast

    In this episode Laszlo explains a little about the "Gagi Nang", the 自己人, known the world over as the Teochew (Chiu Chow or Chaozhou) people. Like the Hakka people, the Teochew's were originally from the Yellow River Valley and migrated to their present location on the Guangdong coast via Fujian province. Their language and culture is unique. Their food and Chaozhou culture is celebrated in more places than Chaozhou and not just by the people from that region. There are Chaozhounese people on every continent except maybe Antarctica. They're a proud group of people with a collective track record that is admirable by any standards of human achievement. The only mentions in this episode were of the Teochew's of South East Asia and the US. There are plenty of other lesser known or unknown histories of Teochew's in Canada, Europe, Mexico, Central and South America and of course Australia and New Zealand. The great 19th century Chinese diaspora is filled with stories, legends and historic events. The Chiu Chow people are a major part of everything that happened. They contributed not only to the society and the economy of their adoptive homelands, they still kept their ties with the eight districts of Chao-Shan.   TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE  Teochew People 潮州人 Gaginang 自己人 What Teochew's call themselves in their dialect ("Our People") Hakka People 客家人 Chaozhou   潮州 Mandarin pronunciation Chiu Chow 潮州   Cantonese pronunciation Chaoshan   潮汕 The term for the Chaozhou-Shantou-Jieyang region Shantou   汕头 Port city of the Chaoshan region Swatow   汕头 Shantou in the Teochew dialect Jieyang   揭阳 The 3rd city to make up the Chaoshan region Meizhou   梅州   Homeland of the Hakka people, located in Guangdong Jin Dynasty 晋朝 Dynasty that ran 265-420 CE Jürchen Jin dynasty 金朝 The dynasty that replaced the Northern Song 1115-1234 Henan   河南 Province of China Shanxi   山西   Province of China Han River 韩江 One of the three rivers of Chaoshan Huanggang River   黃冈河 One of the three rivers of Chaoshan Rong River  榕江 One of the three rivers of Chaoshan Wu Hu  五胡 The Five Barbarian tribes Han Dynasty  汉朝 Ancient dynasty of China 206 BCE - 220 CE Xiongnu   匈奴 People from the northern steppe of Central Asia Xianbei   鲜卑 People from the northern steppe of Central Asia Jie 羯 People from the northern steppe of Central Asia Qiang  羌 People from the northern steppe of Central Asia (and Tibet) Di  氐 People from the northern steppe of Central Asia Jiangnan  江南 South of the Yangzi River (Southern China) Tang dynasty  唐朝 Dynasty of China 618 - 907 Fujian   福建 Southeast coastal province of China Quanzhou   泉州 City in southern Fujian Putian   莆田   City in southern Fujian Yuan dynasty   元朝   Mongol-run Dynasty of China 1271-1368 Guangdong province   广东 Southernmost province of continental China Wu  沪  The dialect of Shanghai and the surrounding region Yue  粤 The Cantonese dialect Xiang   湘   The Hunanese dialect Gan   赣   The dialect of the Jiangxi region Hakka   客家   The dialect of the Hakka people Min   闽   The dialects of Fujian Min River 闽江   The main river of Fujian Minbei   闽北 North of the Min River Minnan  闽南   South of the Min River Hokkien  福建   Pronunciation of Fujian in the local dialect (and the people of course) Xiamen  厦门 Major city in south Fujian Zhangzhou  漳州  Major city in south Fujian Hoklo 福佬  Cantonese for Fujian people Fulao 福佬  The Mandarin pronunciation of Hoklo He Luo 河洛 (also 河老) Another way of writing Hoklo Fujian ren   福建人 Someone from Fujian Hoa Kieu 华侨 Overseas Chinese (Vietnamese) Qin Shihuang  秦始皇 First emperor of China 220 - 210 BCE Nanhai Commandery  南海郡 The 郡 or commandery located in southern Guangdong Zhou dynasty  周朝 Ancient dynasty of China 1046 - 256 BCE Zhao Tuo   赵陀 Former Qin general who set up the Nanyue Kingdom in Southern China and Northern Vietnam Nanyue Kingdom   南越国 A kingdom that lasted from 204 - 111 BCE Han Emperor Wu   汉武帝 Han Dynasty emperor whose forces conquered the Nanyue and reigned 141 - 87 BCE Sui  隋 Dynasty in China that preceded the Tang 581 - 618 CE Emperor Wen of Sui   隋文帝 Founding emperor of the Sui Chao Prefecture  潮州 Set up in 590, where Chaozhou got its name Zhou 州 An ancient name for a prefecture Chao’an County 潮安县 Set up during the Republic of China Wenhua  文化   culture Qianlong emperor 乾隆帝 Qing emperor reigned 1735-1796 Taiping Rebellion   太平天国运动 Violent upheaval in China lasting from 1850-1864 She Youjin 佘有进 Seah Eu Chin 1805 - 1883 - early Singapore Teochew community leader She   佘 A Chinese surname (rhymes with 蛇) Yu   余 The Chiense surname Yu......but compare it to the She above. Liu Song Dynasty 刘宋朝 Dynasty in southern China during the Nanbei Chao 420-479 Nanbei Chao   南北朝 The Southern & Northern Dynasties period Ngee Ann Kongsi (Yi'an Gongsi) 義安公司 Charitable foundation in Singapore Chaozhou Bayi Huiguan 潮州八邑会馆 The Singapore Eight Districts Association Chaoshan cai   潮汕菜 Term used to describe the food of the Chaoshan region Rougucha 肉骨茶 a kind of a Chaozhou style meat soup Lushui E   卤水鹅 Fine tasting Chaozhou goose dish....dip it in vinegar...The Ultimate umami! dongxie   潮州冻蟹 A kind of crab in the shell (of course) eaten cold Yao Ming   姚明 China basketball great and NBA superstar. Also a major anti-shark's fin soup crusader. Yulu 鱼露 Nước mắm in Vietnamese, Fish Sauce in English Shacha Sauce 沙茶醬 made from soybean oil, shallots, dried fish, dried shrimp and a nice kick of chili and garlic. Satay sauce Chaozhou Guotiao 潮州粿条   hủ tiếu in Vietnamese, often spelled in English "Kway Teow" Gongfu cha   工夫茶 A kind of tea service and traditional Chaozhou tea custom. Tieguanyin   铁观音 The preferred tea for Chaozhou style gongfu tea. Dancong Cha   蚕丛茶 Another kind of tea from the Chaoshan region of Guangdong. Not easy to get. Chao Ju   潮剧 Chaozhou Opera Nanxi  南戏 Southern Drama that was popular during the Later Song Kun Qu  昆曲 Kun opera, the oldest form of Chinese opera Tan   陈 Teochew for Chen, the #1 most popular Teochew surname Lim   林 Teochew for Lin, the #2 most popular Teochew surname Ng 黄 Teochew for Huang, the #3 most popular Teochew surname Goh 吴 Teochew for Wu, the #4 most popular Teochew surname Tay 郑 Teochew for Zheng, the #5 most popular Teochew surname Li 李 Teochew for Li, the #6 most popular Teochew surname Sir Li Ka-shing   李嘉诚爵士 Featured in CHP episode 13. Wang Jianlin   王健林 Asia's reigning champion for richest man, founder and chairman of the Dalian Wanda Group. Guangyuan 广元 Town in northeast Sichuan province Wu Zetian   武则天 Amazing lady from the Tang dynasty, China's only real true empress Joseph Lau 劉鑾雄 Boss of Chinese Estates Holdings Lim Por-yen 林百欣  Lin Baixin... Boss of the Lai Sun Group Albert Yeung...杨受成 Yang Shoucheng The main guy at the Emperor Group Vincent Lo... 罗康瑞 Luo Kangrui of Sino Land (who gave us Shanghai's Xintiandi) Xie Guomin 谢国民 Dhanin Chearavanont - Thailand's richest man and CP Group boss (sorry for mispronouncing his name) Ma Huateng   马化腾 Pony Ma, founder of Ten Cent (騰訊控股有限公司) who gave us WeChat and QQ David Tran 陈德 Họ Trần  Legendary founder of the company that gave us Sriracha sauce with the green bottle cap. Huy Fong Foods   汇丰食品公司 David Tran's company, located in Irwindale, California Zou ma kan hua   走马看花 To look at the flowers while riding a horse....a very superficial view.    Charles Antoine de Rouve and Jerome Scemla directed documentary La Guerre du Thé...Tea Wars LINK TO WEBSITE     John Pomfret's new book Amazon link to "The Beautiful Country and the Middle Kingdom"   PLEASE ALSO CHECK OUT: THE CHINA VINTAGE HOUR AND THE CHINESE SAYINGS PODCAST   BOTH ARE NEW SHOWS FROM TEACUP MEDIA

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  • CHP-175-Su Dongpo

    · 00:45:41 · The China History Podcast

    In this 175th episode Laszlo gives the great Northern Song jack-of-all-literary-trades Su Dongpo the once over. This isn't meant to be a deep dive into the reasons for all his renown in literature, calligraphy and painting. Instead, this is just a "popular Chinese historical" overview of who he was and the times he lived in.  And for those who never heard of him, this is a good intro. In America we have Washington Irving, Mark Twain, Hemingway and so on. In China....Su Shi would be mentioned when rattling off their best of the best. He was definitely a major guy not only in the Song, but in the overall world of Chinese culture as well.  The list of terms from this episode is particularly long this time.  You can see them below in the approximate order of their mention.  If you're interested to check out some of his poetry, here's an amazon link to a book of his poems translated by Burton Watson: Selected Poems of Su T'ung-P'o   TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE  Ouyang Xiu 欧阳修 1007-1072 Northern Song statesman, historian, calligrapher, literatus extraordinaire Wang Xizhi   王羲之 Called arguably the greatest Chinese calligrapher Zhou   周 1046 BCE - 256 BCE Ancient dynasty of China Han   汉   206 BCE - 220 CE Ancient dynasty of China Jin   晋 265-420 Ancient dynasty of China Sui   隋 581-618 Ancient dynasty of China Tang 唐 618-907 Ancient dynasty of China Song   宋 960-1279 Ancient dynasty of China Kaifeng   开封 Capital of the Northern Song dynasty 960-1127 Northern Song 北宋 960-1127 Huizong   徽宗 The Northern Song emperor who "lost China" to the Jürchens Su Dongpo   苏东坡 1037 - 1101 Our subject in this episode Su Shi   苏轼 Su Dongpo's birth name Tang Song Ba Da Jia   唐宋八大家 "Eight Great Men of Letters of the Tang and Song Dynasty Han Yu   韩愈 768-824 - Tang essayist and poet. Major influence in development of Chinese literature Liu Zongyuan 柳宗元 773-819 Tang waster of prose and poetry Su Xun 苏洵 1009-1066 - Great man of letters and Father of Su Shi and Su Zhe Su Zhe 苏辙   1039-1112 - Brother of Su Shi, also a great man of letters Wang Anshi   王安石 1021-1086 - Song statesman and father of far reaching reforms. Also a great literary figure in his day. Zeng Gong   曾鞏 1019-1083 - Great prose master of the Song Hangzhou   杭州 Capital of Zhejiang and of dynasties past. Su Dongpo served there twice Zhejiang   浙江 Province in east China Meishan   眉山 City south of Chengdu, birthplace of the Three Su's, Su Xun, Su Dongpo and Su Zhe. Min River 岷江 Yangzi tributary river in Sichuan, famous for the Duijangyan irrigation system Leshan 乐山 City in Sichuan Ya'an   雅安 Great tea city near Chengdu in Sichuan Chengdu   成都 Ancient capital of Shu Kingdom, now capital of Sichuan jinshi   进士   The highest degree that allowed you to fill the top positions in government Wang Fu 王弗 1039-1065 - First wife of Su Dongpo Henan  河南 Province in north China where it all began doucha   斗茶 "Tea Battles" that were popular during the Song Wang Runzhi   王闰之 1048-1093 2nd wife of Su Dongpo Su Di   苏堤 the Su Causeway across West Lake in Hangzhou Xin Fa   新法 The New Policies championed by the Shenzong Emperor and Wang Anshi Shenzong    神宗 1048-1085 - Northern Song Emperor and Wang Anshi supporter Sima Guang   司马光 1019-1086 Conservative Song scholar and official, writer of the Zizhi Tongijan Luoyang   洛阳 City in Henan and former ancient capital of past dynasties. Cheng Yi 程颐  One of the pride of Luoyang, Chinese philosopher Zizhi Tongjian, the "Comprehensive Mirror in Aid of Governance" A monumental historical work covering Chinese history from 403 BCE to 959 CE Wutai Poem Incident 乌台诗案 In 1079, a poem by Su Shi got him in trouble and exiled fron the capital. Huangzhou 黄州 Former name of Huanggang, now a district of that city Hubei   湖北 Central province in China, capital is at Wuhan Huanggang   黄冈 City just east of Wuhan in Hubei Province Dongpo 东坡 Eastern slope Dongpo Jushi 东坡居士 Dongpo, the retired scholar or Buddhist. Chibi Fu   赤壁赋 Ode to Red Cliffs, famous poem by Su Shi Hou Chibi Fu   后赤壁赋   The Later Ode to Red Cliffs, famous poem by Su Shi Nian Nujiao Chibi Huaigu 念奴娇赤壁怀古 Remembering Chibi, Su Shi's third poem in this series about Red Cliffs Zhuge Liang   诸葛亮 Great Shu-Han strategist during Three Kingdoms Period Lu Su 鲁肃 Politician and general who worked for Sun Quan Zhou Yu 周瑜 One of Sun Quan's main generals Cheng Pu 程普 Another of Sun Quan's main generals Sun Quan 孙权 Emperor of Eastern Wu, one of the Three Kingdoms Liu Bei   刘备 Emperor of Shu Han, one of the Three Kingdoms Cao Cao   曹操 King of Wei, one of the Three Kingdoms Fu 赋 One of the three main types of Chinese Poetry, like rhymed prose Ci 词 One of the three main types of Chinese Poetry, like lyric poetry Han Shi Tie 寒食帖 Su Shi's most famous calligraphic work, now hanging in the National Palace Museum in Taipei Huang Tingjian   黄庭坚 1045-1105 artist, scholar, official, a great Northern Song Master Mi Fu 米芾 1051-1107 Great Song painter and calligrapher Cai Xiang   蔡襄 1012-1067 One of the great calligraphers of the Northern Song Song Si Jia 宋四家 the Four Great Calligraphers of the Song Han Shi 寒食 is the holiday that occurs right before Qingming in April Yan Zhenqing 颜真卿 708-785 Great calligrapher of the Tang and one of the greatest of all time Zhezong 哲宗 Northern Song emperor, Reigned 1085-1100 Empress Dowager Gao 高太皇后 1032-1093 Empress of Northern Song emperor Yingzong, regent for Zhezong during his minority. Dongpo Rou 东坡肉 Dongpo Pork Zuo Zongtang 左宗棠   Hunan-born general from the Qing, the man who brought us General Tso's Chicken Lou Wai Lou 楼外楼 Not the best restaurant in Hangzhou but one of the most famous. Been around over one hundred fifty years Ni Zan, the late Yuan-early Ming painter. Xu Wei, the Ming painter Yuan Mei, the Qing dynasty scholar and artist. Yuanyou era 元祐 Conservative era in Emperor Zhezong's reign that lasted 1086 to 1093 Huizhou 惠州 City in Guangdong where Su Dongpo served a stint Hainan   海南 Island province off the coast of Guangdong Danzhou   儋州 Coastal city in Hainan just west of Haikou Haikou   海口 Capital city of Hainan Dongpo Shuyuan   东坡书院 Wang Zhaoyun   王朝云 1062-1095 - 3rd wife of Su Dongpo Changzhou   常州 City in Jiangsu Jiangsu   江苏 Coastal province just north of Zhejiang Cai Jing   蔡京 Long serving chancellor to Emperor Huizong Cai Tao 蔡绦 Son of Cai Jing who had the audacity to say something nice about Su Dongpo Shi 诗 The word meaning all Chinese poetry but also a specific kind as well. Su Men Si Xueshi 苏门四学士 The Four Scholars at Su Shi's Gate Zhang Lei   张耒 1054-1114 One of the four scholars famous for being part of Su Shi's gang Chao Buzhi 晁补之 One of the four scholars famous for being part of Su Shi's gang Qin Guan   秦观 1049-1100 - Northern Song writer and poet. Also one of the four scholars famous for being part of Su Shi's gang Jin 金朝 The Jin Dynasty of the Jürchens 1115-1234  

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  • CHP-174-The Pirate Queen Zheng Yi Sao

    · 00:31:42 · The China History Podcast

    In this latest episode Laszlo finally gets around to the oft requested subject of piracy in early 19th century China.  Pirates had been a fact of life going back to the most olden days. Mid to late Qing Dynasty the amount of trade being plied on the China coast attracted pirates like never before.  Zheng Yi Sao ("Zheng Yi's Wife") was a tough woman from the Pearl River Delta who married the most notorious pirate of his day Zheng Yi.  Upon Zheng Yi's death, his widow took control of his massive pirate fleet.  With her adopted son, and later husband Cheung Po Tsai, she controlled what as, at the time, the largest pirate fleet that preyed on coastal dwellers and vessels engaged in trade. She later became an inspiration for many characters that appeared in books, movies, video games and other media. TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE Zheng Shi 郑氏 Madame Zheng, Widow Zheng Zheng Yi Sao 郑一嫂 Zheng Yi Sao, wife of Zheng Yi haidao   海盗 pirate Zhejiang   浙江 East coast province of China Guangdong   广东  Southernmost province of continental China Tây Sơn Rebellion   Major uprising in Vietnam from 1770 to 1802 Binh Dinh Province   South central coastal province in Vietnam Da Nang   Vietnam's 3rd largest city Nha Trang   Coastal city in Vietnam Xishan   西山 West Mountain (Tây Sơn in Vietnamese) Guangxi   广西 One province over from Guangdong Shi   石 Common Chinese surname, means stone Ma 马Another common Chinese surname, means horse Xu   徐 Common Chinese surname. I always get it mixed up with 许. Shi Xianggu   石香姑 Zheng Yi Sao's real name Xinhui   新会 City near Jiangmen Tanka or Danjia   疍家 The boat dwelling people of south China and Fujian shuishang ren 水上人 people who live on the water Zheng Yi   郑一 South Seas pirate who ran the Red Flag Fleet. Married Shi Xianggu Red Flag Fleet  红旗帮 Hóngqí Bāng. Cheung Po Tsai  张保仔 Zhang Bâozâi Jing Hai fen ji  靖海氛记 Charles F. Neumann's "The Pirates who Infested the China Sea from 1807 to 1810. Jiaqing emperor   嘉庆帝 Qing emperor 1796 - 1820 Daoguang emperor   道光帝 Qing emperor 1820 - 1850 Ming Jiajing Emperor   明嘉靖帝 Ming emperor 1521 - 1567 Lantau 大屿山 Island that is part of the Hong Kong SAR Cheung Chau  - Changzhou 长洲 Island off the coast of Lantau Humen  虎门 Located at the mouth of the Pearl River Delta Chow Yun-fat  周润发 Great Actor who played Sau Feng, one of the Pirate Lords from Disney's P of the C movie Part 3. Qiongzhou Strait 琼州海峡 Body of water that separates Hainan from Guangdong    

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  • CHP-173- The Tong Wars of New York Chinatown Part 3

    · 00:41:28 · The China History Podcast

    Laszlo offers up the exciting conclusion to the 3-part series introducing the Tong Wars.   TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE On Leong Tong   安良堂 The Tong led by Tom Lee Wanguo Jinyanhui huizhi 万国禁烟会会址 Meeting place of the International Opium Commission weiji   危机   A crisis Charlie Boston 李观长 One of the top guys in the On Leongs Tom Lee  李希龄  Chinatown elder credited with the formation of the On Leong Tong and other NY Chinatown organizations Hip Sing Tong   协勝堂 The rival of the On Leongs, led by (but not established by) Mock Duck. Xinhai Revolution   辛亥革命   The event that toppled the Qing Dynasty in 1911. Mock Duck   麦德 Top guy (but not the founder) of the Hip Sing Tong. Directed and took part in a lot of Chinatown violence. Chong Pon Sing   The president of the Hip Sings, bumped off by the On Leongs Yee Toy 余才 A Hip Sing soldier involved in a few of their most daring hits Gin Gum   Another high ranking On Leong and later right hand man to Tom Lee Kim Lan Association   金兰公所 A part of the Chee Kung Tong (Hongmen) made up of mostly Hip Sings Hongmen   洪门 A secret society formed in China during the Qing who pined to restore the good old days under the Chinese Ming dynasty (as opposed to despised Manchu Qing). It later inspired other similar secret societies and fraternal organizations Fong Foo Leung   the Hip Sing national president Chin Jack Lem   An On Leong whose defection to the Hip Sings sparked a Tong War zhi baobuzhu huo   纸包不住火 An old Chinese saying that says "paper can't wrap a fire" Zhongguo Huiguan 中国会馆 The Chinese Consolidated Benevolent Association... Lee Gee Min  Officer for the On Leong’s Wong Get 黄傑 A Hip Sing everyman...Used by reforming politicians to rat out the On Leongs and by his fellow Hip Sing tong brothers to make things difficult for the On Leongs. Frank Moy   head of the Chicago branch of the On Leong’s Tung On Society 东安会馆 Another society made up mostly of seamen Jiu Yi Ba  九一八 the Mukden Incident of September 18, 1931.   "Tong Wars, The Untold Story of Vice, Money and Murder in New York's Chinatown"   Scott Seligman's Amazon Page   The Tong Wars book home page   Article from Signature Magazine that explains the Turf Wars in NY Chinatown .          

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  • CHP-172-The Tong Wars of New York Chinatown Part 2

    · 00:41:53 · The China History Podcast

    In this Part 2 episode the Tong Wars begin in earnest.  The first and second Tong Wars are discussed.     "Tong Wars, The Untold Story of Vice, Money and Murder in New York's Chinatown" Scott Seligman's Amazon Page The Tong Wars book home page Article from Signature Magazine that explains the Turf Wars in NY Chinatown   "Wish Lanterns - Young Lives in New China" Alec Ash - UK Amazon link to Wish Lanterns   21st Century China Program - UC San Diego Link to their Website Link to the China 21 Podcast   TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE Lung Kin was a Hip Sing member who was the first to get shot in the First Tong War Hip Sing Tong   协勝堂 The rival of the On Leongs, led by (but not established by) Mock Duck. On Leong Tong   安良堂 The Tong led by Tom Lee Gong Wing Chung The On Leong soldier charged with Lung Kin's murder Sin Cue An On Leong, first a suspect in a 1900 murder and later a victim of a Hip Sing hit to prevent him from testifying against Mock Duck Mock Duck   麦德 Top guy (but not the founder) of the Hip Sing Tong. Directed and took part in a lot of Chinatown violence. Tom Lee  李希龄  Chinatown elder credited with the formation of the On Leong Tong and other NY Chinatown organizations Sue Sing   a Hip Sing charged with the murder of Ah Fee, got sentenced to life in the Sing Sing Correctional Facility Lee Sing An On Leong highbinder from Dedham, Massachusetts. Tried to bump off Mock Duck in 1904. Zhongguo Huiguan 中国会馆 The Chinese Consolidated Benevolent Association Charlie Boston 李观长 One of the top guys in the On Leongs Chu Gong 赵昂 High ranking On Leong officer Gin Gum   Another high ranking On Leong and later right hand man to Tom Lee Hop Lee A Hip Sing laundryman brutally killed by the On Leongs in a retaliation murder. Shah Kai-fu 夏偕复The Chinese Consul based in the US. mo mentai, mo mentai 没问题,没问题 Cantonese for no problem, no problem boo-how-doy / futou zai 斧头仔 Term was used to describe hatchet men contracted from out of town. Also another name for a highbinder. Leon Ling Charged with the murder of Bow Kum but escaped and was never found. Chu Gain Proprietor of The Port Arthur Restaurant who was carrying on with Bow Kum at the time of her murder. Lung Kong Tin Yee Gong Shaw / Longgang Qinyi Gongsuo 龙岗亲义公所Early name of the Four Brothers Society See Sing Tong / The Sixing Tang 四姓堂 The Four Surnames Society Sixing 四姓Four surnames. Lau / Liu 刘 One of the four clan names of the Four Brothers Society Kwan / Guan 关 One of the four clan names of the Four Brothers Society Cheung / Zhang 张 One of the four clan names of the Four Brothers Society Chu / Zhao 赵 One of the four clan names of the Four Brothers Society Hongmen   洪门 A secret society formed in China during the Qing who pined to restore the good old days under the Chinese Ming dynasty (as opposed to despised Manchu Qing). It later inspired other similar secret societies and fraternal organizations Bow Kum 包金(?) A China-born consort whose murder in 1909 sparked the Second Tong War between the On Leongs and the Four Brothers Society.  Lau Tong Four Brothers member charged with the murder of Bow Kum Lau Shong Four Brothers member charged with the murder of Bow Kum Gun Kee Four Brothers member shot and wounded in front of On Leong headquarters by a cousin of Tom Lee. Ah Hoon   An On Leong who was also a Four Brothers member. A well known comedian in his day. Shot and killed in 1909.  fan tan 番摊 The game of games for Chinatown gamblers...a game of skill and guessing. Also called Chinese Roulette. pi-gow 牌九 A Chinese domino-based game of chance

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  • CHP-171-The Tong Wars of New York Chinatown Part 1

    · 00:39:55 · The China History Podcast

    In this long awaited and oft requested episode Laszlo explains about the Tong Wars of New York's Chinatown. With the help of Scott Seligman's latest book we go back to late 19th - early 20th century America and focus on New York's Chinatown.  These were terribly unpleasant days for most citizens of Chinese ancestry and especially for those immigrants who either had not begun the process or lived in the shadows illegally. The Chinese Exclusion Laws tarred these citizens like no other immigrant group in US history. The Tong Wars didn't happen because of these laws but they were certainly part of the story.  With everything Chinese-Americans have done to make America great over the past century it's interesting to look back at another time when the ordinary law abiding Chinese and the bloodiest tong soldier were equally reviled in society that was loath to accept them. The book is called "Tong Wars, The Untold Story of Vice, Money and Murder in New York's Chinatown" by Scott D. Seligman. Terms from this Episode Qing Chao monian 清朝末年The last years of the Qing Dynasty Mao Zedong 毛泽东   Chairman Mao Shaoshan 韶山   Birthplace of Chairman Mao, in Hunan Toisan   台山 City in the Pearl River Delta where many early Chinese immigrants came from. Hoiping   开平 Another city in the Pearl River Delta where many early Chinese immigrants came from. Sun-wui   新会 Another city in the Pearl River Delta where many early Chinese immigrants came from. Wong Chin Foo   王清福 First to use the term Chinese American. His life was featured in CHP episode 136. Wo Kee Early Chinatown Merchant also known as Wong Ah Chung Wong Ah Chung Real name (maybe) of the "pre-Tom Lee" Chinatown personality known as Wo Kee Wung Ah Ling 李希龄 (Tom Lee) Chinatown elder credited with the formation of the On Leong Tong and other NY Chinatown organizations Loon Yee Tong 联谊堂 Cantonese for the Lianyi Tang a.k.a. Chee Kung Tong (致公堂) Society that went back to the Qing dynasty///also known as The Chinese Masons and The Hongmen Lianyi Tang   联谊堂 Mandarin pronunciation of the Loon Yee Tong Hongmen   洪门 A secret society formed in China during the Qing who pined to restore the good old days under the Chinese Ming dynasty (as opposed to despised Manchu Qing). It later inspired other similar secret societies and fraternal organizations Lee Sing 利胜 Chinatown merchant on Pell who publicly assaulted Tom Lee and got away with it fan tan 番摊 The game of games for Chinatown gamblers...a game of skill and guessing. Also called Chinese Roulette. pi-gow 牌九 A Chinese domino-based game of chance On Leong Tong   安良堂 The Tong led by Tom Lee An Liang Tang   安良堂 Mandarin pronunciation of the On Leong Tong Hip Sing Tong   协勝堂 The rival of the On Leongs, led by (but not established by) Mock Duck. Xie Sheng Tang   协勝堂 Hip Sing in Mandarin Lee Toy   李彩 Tom Lee's nephew and chief tough guy in the On Leongs Lee Quon Jung 李观长 a.k.a. Charlie Boston One of the top guys in the On Leongs Yuet Sing Another wealthy On Leong merchant in Chinatown  Wong Get 黄傑 A Hip Sing everyman...Used by reforming politicians to rat out the On Leongs and by his fellow Hip Sing tong brothers to make things difficult for the On Leongs. Mai De a.k.a. Mock Duck   麦德 Top guy (but not the founder) of the Hip Sing Tong. A slippery as an eel and hard to pin down by the authorities...directed and took part in a lot of Chinatown violence Lung Kin was a Hip Sing member who was the first to get shot in the First Tong War   "Tong Wars, The Untold Story of Vice, Money and Murder in New York's Chinatown" Scott Seligman's Amazon Page   The Tong Wars book home page   "Wish Lanterns - Young Lives in New China" Alec Ash - UK Amazon link to Wish Lanterns   supchina.com - New Home of the great Sinica Podcast and a wonderful place to stay in daily touch with what's up in China.  

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  • CHP-170-The Mongol Yuan Dynasty Part 2

    · 00:59:02 · The China History Podcast

    Laszlo finishes up the story of the Yuan Dynasty, founded in 1271.  The parts of China not yet conquered were done in by 1276 and the last holdouts gone by 1279.  But the Great Yuan didn't last long.  This episode takes a nice little overview of the dynasty, its slow demise and the legacy they left. TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE Da Yuanchao 大元朝 The Great Mongol Dynasty Tolui 拖雷 Fourth Son of Genghis Khan, father of Kublai Khan Golden Horde  金帐汗国   Originally the northwest portion of the Mongol Empire. Also known as the Kipchak Khanate. Lasted till 1502. Arigh Böke 阿里不哥 Youngest son of Tolui, fought civil war with Kublai Möngke 蒙哥 Eldest son of Tolui, elder brother to Kublai Khan Zhao   赵   The surname of the Song dynasty ruling family Ogedai Khan 窝阔台 or 斡歌歹 Third son of Genghis Khan, second Khan of the Mongol Empire Zhengding   正定 A place adjacent to Shijiazhuang, site of Kublai Khan's mother's appanage. Shijiazhuang   石家庄 Capital of Hebei Province Hebei   河北 Province in northern China Zhongtong Era   中统 Era during the Yuan 1260-1264 Zhiyuan Era 至元 Era during the Yuan 1264-1294 Jin Dynasty  金朝 Jürchen Dynasty 1115-1234, founded by Aguda Haiyun Chan Shi 海运禅师 Buddhist advisor to Kublai Khan Liu Bingzhong   刘秉忠 Advisor to Kublai Khan on all matters architectural, feng shui and other things Khitans   契丹 The people who founded the Liao Dynasty 907-1125 Kaiping 开平 Original name of Shangdu Shangdu   上都 Known popularly as Xanadu, later became Kublai's summer palace Chengde   承德 Better known in old history books as Jehol or Rehe, city northwest of Beijing Hülegü 旭烈兀 grandson of Genghis Khan, son of Tolui Dadu  大都 Kublai Khan capital, also known as Khanbaliq, City of the Khan's, located in present day Beijing Zhu Yuanzhang   朱元璋 Ming Dynasty founder Karakorum  喀喇昆仑 Mongol capital 1235-1260, originally built by Ogedai Khan Shandong   山东 Coastal province in the north, famous for a million things including Confucius Li Tan 李璮 Loyal Yuan official up in Shandong who later led a rebellion against Mongol rule in China. Shi Tianze   石天泽 One of Kublai Khan's most loyal and successful Han Chinese generals Duke of Zhou   周公 Son of the Zhou Dynasty founder King Wen, brother to King Wu Taizong   太宗 Co-founder of the Tang Dynasty, also known as Li Shimin Han Wudi   汉武帝 Great conquering Han Dynasty emperor Liu Bei   刘备 Mighty hero during the Eastern Han Dynasty and Three Kingdoms period. Founder of the Shu Han State. Lantau Island   大屿山 Hong Kong's largest island, the international airport is located there Zhao Kuangyin   赵匡胤 Song dynasty founder Lizong   理宗   Southern Song emperor 1224-1264 Not a terribly good one. Emperor Yang of the Sui   隋炀帝 Son of Sui Dynasty founder and final emperor of the Sui. Did some good and some bad. Had a lot of concubines Empress Dowager Xie Duzong emperor 度宗 Southern Song emperor from 1264 to 1274 Jia Sidao   贾似道 Southern Song chancellor Aju  阿术 General and high ranking official during the Yuan. Grandson of Subotei Subotei  速不台 Genghis Khan's number one guy (and Ogedai's too!). Great Mongol general. Dali Kingdom 大理国 Kingdom that lasted 937-1253. Mostly located in Yunnan. Bayan of the Baarin 伯颜   Kublai's greatest general Han Jiang   汉江 Tributary of the Yangzi flows from Shaanxi to Hubei Hanshui   汉水 Another name for the Han JIang Hubei ren   湖北人 Someone from Hubei Wuchang   武昌 The city that makes up the Wu in Wuhan Hankou   汉口 The city that makes the Han in Wuhan Hanyang   汉阳 The third city of the Wuhan metropolitan area Nanjing   南京 Ming Dynasty capital, also known as the ancient city of Jiankang Jiankang   建康 Ancient name for Nanjing Qiantang River   钱塘江   the southern terminus of the Grand Canal, flowed through Hangzhou Xiangyang   襄阳 City in Hubei opposite the Han Shui from Fancheng Fancheng  樊城   City in Hubei opposite the Han Shui from Xiangyang Xiangfan   襄樊 The twin cities of Xiangyang and Fancheng Hui Hui Pao   回回炮 "Muslim trebuchet" Cai Jing   蔡京 Huizong's main official, great calligrapher, not terribly popular in his last years Emperor Gong  恭帝  Southern Song emperor from 1274 to 1276 Changzhou   常州   City in Jiangsu who felt the wrath of the Khan Huizong 徽宗 Last emperor of the Northern Song Duanzong 端宗   Second to the last Southern Song emperor, died age 8 Lu Xiufu   陆秀夫   Official and Military man who served the Song dynasty till the last Zhao Bing   赵昺   Last emperor of the Southern Song, also known as Huaizong Huaizong   怀宗   Last Song emperor, also known as Zhao Bing Hubilie 忽必烈 1215-1294, Great Khan and founder of the Yuan Dynasty. Reigned 1271-1294. Yunnan   云南   Southwestern province in China Empress Chabi 察必皇后   favorite wife of Kublai Khan Zhenjin   真金   Son of Kublai Khan, died before he succeeded his father as emperor Shizu   世祖   Posthumous temple name of Kublai Khan Temür Khan 完泽笃汗 Son of Zhenjin, later became the Chengzong emperor Chengzong emperor   成宗   Succeeded Kublai Khan as Yuan Emperor Külüg Khan  曲律汗 Also known as the Wuzong emperor Wuzong emperor  武宗   Yuan emperor 1307-1311 Buyantu Khan   普颜笃汗 Also known as the Renzong Emperor Renzong emperor 仁宗 Yuan Emperor 1311-1320, champion of Confucianists. Zhu Xi   朱熹 Great Chinese philosopher, father of Neo-Confucianism Si Shu 四书 the Four Books The Lunyu   论语 The Analects Mengzi   孟子 The Mencius Daxue   大学 The Great Learning Zhongyong  中庸 The Doctrine of the Mean I Ching   易经 The Book of Changes. People swear by it. Yingzong emperor   英宗   Yuan Dynasty emperor 1320-1323 Temuder   铁木迭儿 Yuan grand councillar during Yingzong Taiding Emperor 泰定帝 Yuan emperor 1323-1328 Liangdu zhi zhan   两都之战   War of the Two Capitals Toghon Temür 妥懽帖睦尔Mongolian name of Yuan emperor Shun Emperor Shun   顺帝 Yuan emperor Shun  舜  Last of the mythical Five Emperors, lived around 2200 BC Yu the Great   大禹 Founder of the Xia Dynasty Poyang Hu zhizhan   鄱阳湖之战 the Battle of Poyang Lake Hongwu Emperor   洪武帝 Era name chosen by Zhu Yuanzhang, founder of the Ming dynasty Liu Bang   刘邦 A.K.A. Han Gaozu, founder of the Han Dynasty Longquan   龙泉 Ancient site near Lishui where some of the best porcelain ware in China was fired. Lishui   丽水 City in southern Zhejiang Jingdezhen   景德镇   The historic porcelain capital of China. Zheng He   郑和 The Yongle Emperor's loyal admiral who led seven voyages to the west that went as far as the east coast of Africa Wu Cheng 吴澄   Great Yuan dynasty scholar-official and student of Zhu Xi's philosophy Guo Shoujing 郭守敬   Great Yuan dynasty scholar, scientist, engineer. The "Tycho Brahe of China" Zhao Mengfu   赵孟頫   Great Yuan era painter, descended from the Song royal family, married to Guan Daosheng.   Guan Daosheng   管道昇   Called "China's greatest female painter". Married to Zhao Mengfu...an amazing couple in their day Liu Guandao   刘贯道   Another great Yuan dynasty painter    Alec Ash's new book: Wish Lanterns: Young Lives in New China   Barbarians at the Gate Podcast: Get it H E R E at Jeremiah's Granite Studio page.   David Moser's "A Billion Voices: China's Search for a Common Language"   And check out Sixth Tone at http://www.sixthtone.com/  

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  • CHP-169-The Mongol Yuan Dynasty Part 1

    · 00:45:31 · The China History Podcast

    In this long overdue episode with a deceiving title we don't actually get around to the Yuan Dynasty.  However a nice handy and confusing overview tracing the rise of the Mongol nation is presented which includes a bio on Genghis Khan.  We'll get to rise of Kublai Khan this time and look at the Yuan Dynasty next episode.     Terms from this Episode numero ciento sesenta y nueve Number 169 Qin Shihuang 秦始皇 Qin Dynasty founder Da Yuanchao 大元朝 The Great Mongol Dynasty Parthians 帕提亚  Iranian nomadic people Scythians   斯基泰人 Iranian nomadic people Yuezhi 月氏 Originally from Xinjiang and Gansu, defeated by the Xiongnu Goths 哥特 West central Asian power, the scourge of the Roman Empire Magyars   马扎儿人 West central Asian power. Today they are known as Hungarians. Huns 匈奴 More from the western part of the steppe, often confused with Xiongnu Xiongnu 匈奴 Often called Huns, they were an early northern tribe who kept invading China Slavs   斯拉夫人 People from central Europe and the West Asian steppe Xianbei 鲜卑   So-called "proto-Mongols" who lived around the Qin and Han dynasties and founded the Northern Wei. Shatuo Turks  沙陀突厥  Power in north China late 9th and 10th century. Founded several short-lived dynasties in the north of China. Khitans 契丹 The people who founded the Liao Dynasty 907-1125 Tatars 鞑靼人 Mongol tribe defeated by Genghis Khan who later moved westward towards Russia and Europe Kazakhs   哈萨克人 North-Central Asian people, Turkic, found mostly in Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan Kyrgyz  吉尔吉斯  Central Asian people, Turkic, found mostly in Kyrgyzstan Uighurs   维吾尔人   Turkic people who today mostly live in Xinjiang The Hakkas 客家人 The Hakka People Fujian 福建   Province on the east coast of China Huizong   徽宗 Last emperor of the Northern Song Aguda 阿骨打 Also known as Emperor Taizu of Jin, founder of the Jin Dynasty Wuqimai 吴乞买 Aguda's brother, second emperor of the Jin Kaifeng 开封 Capital of the Northern Song Dynasty Jin Dynasty  金朝 Jürchen Dynasty 1115-1234, founded by Aguda Zhao Gou   赵构 Escaped Zhao royal family member, launched Southern Song Gaozong 高宗 First emperor of the Southern Song Dynasty Lin'an 临安 Southern Song capital, present day Hangzhou Merkits  蔑儿乞人 One of many tribes of the Mongols Keraits  怯烈亦 One of many tribes of the Mongols Ongüts  汪古部 One of many tribes of the Mongols Ongirats  One of many tribes of the Mongols Naimans 乃蛮 One of many tribes of the Mongols Temüjin 铁木真 Genghis Khan's name Dobun Known as Dobun the Clever, married to Alan the Fair, early ancestors of Temujin Ah-Lan the Fair married to Dobun, early ancestors of Temujin Khaidu 海都 c. 1040-1100 Great-grandfather of Khabul Khan Khabul Khan  合不勒  Early great khan and great -grandfather of Genghis Khan Yesugei the Brave 孛儿只斤Ÿ也速该 Father of Genghis Khan Yuanchao Mi Shi 元朝秘史 The Secret History of the Mongols Börte 孛儿帖 Wife of Temüjin and later Grand Empress of the Mongol Empire Ulaan Bator 乌兰巴托 Capital of Mongolia Jochi 术赤 Oldest son of Börte and maybe Genghis Khan Golden Horde 金帐汗国  Originally the northwest portion of the Mongol Empire. Also known as the Kipchak Khanate. Lasted till 1502. Xinjiang   新疆 Northwest autonomous region in China Mongol Yasa (Jasagh)   A Mongol Codified law introduced by Genghis Khan Khuriltai 忽里勒台   A Mongol congress of all elders and leaders Kara Khitai 喀喇契丹 Also known as the Western Liao 1124-1218 Xixia  西夏 The Western Xia, an empire established by the Tanguts Khwarizmian Empire 花剌子模王国 Lasted 1077-1231. Khwarazmia covered All of Iran and parts of Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan. Batu 拔都 Founder of Golden Horde, son of Jochi, grandson of Genghis Khan Chaghadai 蔡合台 Second son of Genghis Khan, founder of Khanate of Chaghadai Khanate of Chaghadai 蔡合台汗国 Covered most of Central Asia Ogedai Khan 窝阔台 or 斡歌歹 Third son of Genghis Khan, second Khan of the Mongol Empire Tolui 拖雷 Fourth Son of Genghis Khan, father of Kublai Khan Möngke 蒙哥 Eldest son of Tolui, elder brother to Kublai Khan Kublai 忽必烈 1215-1294, Great Khan and founder of the Yuan Dynasty. Reigned 1271-1294. Hulagu 旭烈兀 grandson of Genghis Khan, son of Tolui Arigh Boke 阿里不哥 Youngest son of Tolui, fought civil war with Kublai Subotei 速不台 Genghis Khan's number one guy (and Ogedai's too!). Great Mongol general. Dzungaria 准噶尔 Northern half of Xinjiang with Tianshan Mountains south and the Altai north. Karakorum 喀喇昆仑 Mongol capital 1235-1260 Guyuk 贵由 Eldest son of Ogedai Khan, reigned only two years as the 3rd Great Khan Mamluks 马木留克 Originally slave soldiers, they were a powerful "caste" of warriors who operated from the 9th to 19th centuries. Not to be messed with. Il-khanate 伊儿汗国  The southwestern portion of the Mongol Empire. Ruled by Hülagü's branch of the family - centered around Iran Dali Kingdom 大理国 Kingdom that lasted 937-1253. Mostly located in Yunnan. Owen Lattimore 欧文Ÿ拉铁摩尔 American scholar and Central Asian specialist   Isaac Meyer:  “History of Japan Podcast” https://historyofjapan.wordpress.com/   Nina Xiang: "China Money Network" http://www.chinamoneynetwork.com/  

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  • CHP-168-Zhou Enlai Part 8

    · 01:04:32 · The China History Podcast

    In this bonus one hour plus episode we look at the last six years of Zhou Enlai's life. It was a bittersweet end for Premier Zhou.  In between doing great things for China and guiding the country's general well-being he was forced to play a central role in some of the worst internecine politics in CCP history.   Terms from this episode Sun Weishi   孙维世 Zhou Enlai and Deng Yingchao's adopted daughter Jiang Qing   江青   Wife of Mao Zedong, Gang of Fouyr leader Lin Biao   林彪   Revolutionary hero, great general, Mao chosen successor Chen Yi   陈毅   Another great military leader, later foreign minister Liu Shaoqi   刘少奇   State Chairman (title changed to president in 1982), main target of Cultural Revolution Chen Boda   陈伯达 Former secretary, speechwriter to Mao Zhang Chunqiao   张春桥 Political theoretician, later member of the Gang of Four Yao Wenyuan   姚文元 Prominent writer, critic...wrote the initial critique of Wu Han's play that kicked off the Cultural Revolution Lushan   庐山 Scenic spot in northern Jiangxi, site of many historic meetings Poyang Lake   鄱阳湖   China's largest freshwater lake Jiangxi Province   江西 Province in eastern China Xian Incident   西安事变   October 12, 1936 kidnapping of Chiang Kai-shek Peng Dehuai   彭德怀   Great military leader, destroyed by Mao at Lushan in 1959 due to criticism of the Great Leap Forward Zhuang Zedong   庄则栋   One of China's greatest table tennis champions Wu Faxian   吴法宪   Former Air Force commander, staunch Lin Biao supporter Ye Qun   叶群 Wife of Lin Biao Lin Liguo   林立果   Son of Lin Biao, main planner of the attempted coup of Lin Biao Beidaihe   北戴河   Beach resort near Qinhuangdao, Hebei province, popularly used as a Party retreat for informal meetings Shanhaiguan   山海关 Historic district near to Beidaihe and Qinhuangdao "Tian yao xia yu, niang yao jia ren, wufa keshe, you ta qu ba!"   天要下雨,娘要嫁人,无法可设,由他去吧   the heavens must rain and a woman wants to be wed....nothing can be done about this....let him go." Zunyi Conference   遵义会议 Historic CCP conference in January 1935 in which Mao and Bo Gu fought for supremacy Zhongnanhai   中南海   Government leadership compound adjacent to the Forbidden City Deng Yingchao   邓颖超 Wife of Zhou Enlai, later chairperson of the CPPCC Wumao's   五毛党   People in the Party's employ responsible for flooding the internet with pro-Party comments in an effort to sway public opinion. Wang Hairong   王海容 Mao's grand niece and later vice minister of the Foreign Ministry Nancy Tang Wensheng   唐文生 Mao's English interpreter Wang Hongwen   王洪文 Young, unknown Shanghai radical hand picked by Mao to be his successor Xinjian County Tractor Factory   新建县拖拉机厂 Factory outside Nanchang where Deng Xiaoping was sent to work after his first political purge ion 1969 Nanchang   南昌 Capital of Jiangxi province Pi Lin Pi Kong   批林批孔运动 The Criticize Lin Biao, Criticize Confucius Campaign Ye Jianying   叶剑英 Great PLA general, great leader, rose to the occasion at several key moments in China history Luo Ruiqing   罗瑞卿   Popular general, early victim of the Cultural Revolution Mao Yuanxin   毛远新   Mao's nephew, son of his younger brother Mao Zemin Sige Xiandaihua   四个现代化   The Four Modernizations Hua Guofeng   华国锋 named as acting Premier to replace Zhou, later Party Chairman Zhu De   朱德 PLA founder, great general and comrade of Mao Tangshan   唐山   City in Hebei, just east of Beijing, epicenter of the great earthquake of 1976 Li Xiannian   李先念   Great military and political leader, later President of Chian 1983-88 Wang Dongxing   汪东兴 Mao's bodyguard during the Cultural Revolution years. Commander of the 8341 Special Regiment Gaige kaifang   改革开放 The policy of reform and opening up to the outside world.

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  • CHP-167-Zhou Enlai Part 7

    · 01:00:50 · The China History Podcast

    In this longer than expected seventh episode of the series the Cultural Revolution gets underway, something that Zhou will have to deal with until his dying day.  Aside from this, China's illustrious premier also has his hands full with a thousand other responsibilities, both foreign and domestic.    Terms from this Episode: Zhou Enlai   周恩来   China's beloved premier and statesman Huai'an 淮安 City in Jiangsu Province, birthplace of Zhou Enlai Jiangsu   江苏   Rich coastal province in China Nankai Middle School 天津南开中学   Famed school where Zhou attended Tianjin   天津   Municipality just east of Beijing Whampoa Military Academy   中华民国陆军军官学校   Military academy located in Guangzhou Jinggangshan   井冈山 Soviet base set up by Mao in the mountains of Jiangxi Zhu De   朱德   PLA founder and legendary general Liu Shaoqi   刘少奇   Great Chinese leader, persecuted by Mao during Cultural Revolution Deng Xiaoping   邓小平 China's supreme leader in the 1980's Yang Shangkun   杨尚昆   Chinese leader and one of the Eight Immortals Peng Zhen   彭真 Chinese leader and one of the Eight Immortals Peng Dehuai   彭德怀   Great military hero of the PRC, former defense minister Guiyang   贵阳   Capital of Guizhou Province Guizhou   贵州   Interior province of China Hebei   河北 Province in northern China geming lao qu   革命老区 Revolutionary areas loyal to the CCP going back to the 2nd Sino-Japanese War Boyan   伯延 A town near Wu'an (武安) in southern Hebei Zhou Enlai de Sige Zhouye   周恩来的四个昼夜 Movie called "The Story of Zhou Enlai" Wang Tiecheng   王铁成   Chinese actor famous for his portrayals of Zhou Enlai Liu Bocheng   刘伯承   Great PLA general who worked closely with Deng Xiaoping cunmin   村民   village people Gu Mu   谷牧 1914-2009, great revolutionary, politician, vice-premier Lin Biao   林彪 Great military hero of the PRC, former defense minister, later rabble rouser Xinjiang 新疆   Autonomous region in China's northwest lao gege   老哥哥   Old buddy Deng Jiaxian 邓稼先   The father of China's nuclear program. Great nuclear physicist Li Siguang   李四光 Great Chinese scientist, father of China's geomechanics program Qian Sanqiang   钱三强 Great nuclear physicist Zhongnanhai   中南海   China's top leadership compound adjacent to the Forbidden City Luóbùpō  罗布破 Lop Nor in Xinjiang province He Long   贺龙 Great PLA general Ngo Dinh Diem 吴廷琰 President of South Vietnam 1955-1963 Yunnan   云南   Province in southwest China Chen Yi   陈毅   Great Chinese leader, general, statesman, football fanatic Sanxian jianshe   三线建设 The Third Front Movement Qinghai   青海   Province in western China Ningxia   宁夏   Autonomous region in the north of China Sichuan   四川   Province in China also known as Szechwan Gansu   甘肃    Province in western China Chen Yun   陈云 Chinese leader and one of the Eight Immortals Bo Yibo   薄一波   Chinese leader and one of the Eight Immortals Li Fuchun   李富春 Leader and statesman in China, handled the planning of China's economy. chi chuan yong   吃穿用 "Eat, Wear, Use" biyaopin   必要品 Necessities of Life riyongpin   日用品   Daily use items Dongfang Hong   东方红   The East is Red Jiang Qing   江青   Mao's last wife, among many other things, all negative. Wu Han   吴晗   Ming dynasty expert, Beijing vice-mayor Yao Wenyuan   姚文元   One of the Gang of Four Wenhui Bao   文汇报   The Wenhui Bao, a Shanghai newspaper Wuhan   武汉   City in Hubei on the Yangzi consisting of the cities of Hankou, Wuchang and Hanyang Hangzhou   杭州   Capital of Zhejiang province Zhong Fa   中发   A Central Directive, like an executive order Luo Ruiqing  罗瑞卿   PLA great and later target of the Cultural Revolution Ye Qun   叶群   PLA colonel and wife of Lin Biao Xiao Xiangrong   肖向荣 Whampoa Military Academy grad, old revolutionary, Luo Ruiqing ally. Yangzi   扬子江   The Yangtse River Pao da siling bu   炮打司令部   Bombard the headquarters (Mao's first Big character poster) Tan Zhenlin   谭震林 Another PLA great Xu Xiangqian   徐向前 Another PLA great Wang Guangmei   王光美   Wife of Liu Shaoqi Song Qingling   宋庆龄   Wife of Sun Yat-sen, later a stateswoman of the PRC Sun Weishi   孙维世 Adopted daughter of Zhou Enlai and Deng Yingchao Sun Bingwen   孙炳文   Early CCP martyr, father of Sun Weishi Deng Yingchao   邓颖超   Wife of Zhou Enlai, among many other things You Tube link to The Zhou Enlai Story movie

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  • CHP-166-Zhou Enlai Part 6

    · 00:44:35 · The China History Podcast

    More Zhou Enlai again. This time we look at the second half of the 1950's. Zhou was as busy as ever, setting up the government, handling foreign relations and dealing with Chairman Mao. This episode will see Zhou during the Gao Gang Affair, Hundred Flowers, Anti-Rightist, San Fan and Wu Fan Campaigns, Land Reform, rapid agricultural collectivization and the disastrous Great Leap Forward. Terms from this episode Gao Gang 高岗 Senior CCP leader who fell victim of the first high-level purge in PRC history Shaanxi 陕西   Ancient province where Xian is the capital. Next door to Shanxi Yan'an   延安   Revolutionary CCP base from 1935-1947 Wang Ming   王明 29 Bolsheviks leader who challenged Mao and lost Peng Dehuai   彭德怀 Legendary PLA leader and old comrade of Mao Chen Yun   陈云   Old revolutionary chiefly in charge of China's economy Li Fuchun   李富春   Old comrade of Zhou's from Paris, great revolutionary, Vice premier Lushunkou   旅顺口 Port Arthur in Liaoning Province Liaoning   辽宁 One of the three provinces of Manchuria Liu Shaoqi   刘少奇   Party legend and sometimes rival of Chairman Mao Hangzhou   杭州 City in Zhejiang, former capital of the Southern Song Zhang Zuolin   张作霖   Warlord of Manchuria in the 1920's Rao Shushi   饶漱石 Gao Gang accomplice in the Gao Gang Affair Gao Rao Fan Dang Lianmeng 高饶反党联盟 The Gao-Rao Anti-Party Alliance San Fan Campaign   三反运动 The 3 Anti's Campaign Wu Fan Campaign   五反运动 The 5 Anti's Campaign Tanwu he langfei shi jidade fanzui 贪污和浪费是极大的犯罪     Corruption and Waste were the biggest crimes zhishifenzi   知识分子   Intellectuals zibenzhuyizhe   资本主义者   Capitalists Zhongguo Minhang   中国民航   CAAC The old China national airline before it was broken up Chen Yi   陈毅   PLA legend, soccer fanatic, close comrade of Mao's and later Shanghai mayor and China foreign minister (after Zhou stepped down) jus sanguinis This is a Latin word meaning "right of blood" Zhongnanhai   中南海   Compound adjascent to the Forbidden City where China's leaders reside. Bo Yibo   薄一波   Old revolutionary from Shanxi in charge of finance and the economy with Chen Yun Li Xiannian   李先念 CCP legend who played a major role in the 80's with Deng Xiaoping zili gengsheng   自力更生   Self-reliance Ren duo hao ban shi   人多好办事   When you have a lot of people, things are easy to do Nanning   南宁   Capital city in Guangxi province Chengdu    成都 Capital city in Sichuan Lushan    庐山   Sacred mountain and site of a famous resort in Jiangxi province  

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  • CHP-165-Zhou Enlai Part 5

    · 00:55:11 · The China History Podcast

    Laszlo returns after one of the longest breaks ever in the history of the CHP.  Part 5 this time.  The PRC is founded and Premier/ForeignMinister Zhou Enlai has his work cut out for him.  In this episode the focus is on the Korean War and the Geneva Conference. Zhou already enjoyed some degree of international respect from those he had come to know during his Shanghai and Chongqing years.  By 1954 he had established himself as a respected tour de force on the world stage and earned begrudging admiration from those who refused to recognize the country for which he was head of state. TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE Deng Yingchao   邓颖超   Wife of Zhou Enlai and CPPCC Chairwoman 1983-1988 Zhongnanhai   中南海 Compound adjacent to the Forbidden City that houses the top Party leadership Juxiang Shuwu 菊香书屋 Zhou's first dwelling in Zhongnanhai and later taken over by Mao as his primary office and residence. Yingtai 瀛台   Island located in the center of South Lake...later the residence of Deng Xiaoping Empress Dowager Cixi 慈禧太后 Top decision maker in China from 1861 to 1908 Guangxu Emperor   光绪帝 Qing emperor who began the Hundred Days of Reform and got locked up by the Empress Dowager for his troubles. Xihuating   西花厅   Zhou's residence after Mao took over the Juxiang Shuwu. Prince Chun 醇亲王 Qing dynasty statesman and father to the Guangxu Emperor and grandfather to Puyi... Puyi   溥仪 The Xuantong Emperor, a.k.a. The Last Emperor Chongqing   重庆 Wartime capital of China during WWII Zhou Enshou   周恩寿 Younger brother of Zhou Enlai didi   弟弟 younger brother butie   补贴 a subsidy Sun Weishi   孙维世 Adopted daughter of Zhou Enlai and Deng Yingchao Li Peng   李鹏 Adopted sin of Zhou and Deng Yingchao and Premier of China1987-1998 Huai'an 淮安 Birthplace of Zhou Enlai Jiangsu   江苏 Province where Huai-an was located. Guowuyuan   国务院 The State Council Zhengwuyuan   政务院 Former name of the State Council Chen Yi   陈毅   Immortal military leader, foreign minister and hardcore soccer fan Wenhui Bao   文汇报 The Wenhui Daily, a Shanghai newspaper Pu Shouchang   浦寿昌   Served as Zhou Enlai's secretary from 1954-1965 Zongli Yamen   总理衙门 The old Qing dynasty foreign ministry Wang Jiaxiang   王稼祥 Vice foreign minister Li Kenong   李克农   Vice foreign minister Zhang Hanfu   章汉夫   Vice foreign minister Wang Bingnan   王炳南 Key foreign ministry leader Qiao Guanhua   乔冠华   Key foreign ministry leader Chen Jiakang   陈嘉康   Key foreign ministry leader Ke Bainian   柯柏年   Key foreign ministry leader Gong Peng   龚澎   Key foreign ministry leader Huang Hua   黄华   Key foreign ministry leader Lüshun   旅顺口 Located in the tip of the Liaodong peninsula, formerly known as Port Arthur Dalian   大连 Port city in Liaoning province xijie   细节 details Lin Biao   林彪 Marshal and military hero until he tried to overthrow Mao in 1971 Peng Dehuai   彭德怀 Great military leader and later victim of the Great Leap Forward Yalu River   鸭绿江 The river dividing North Korea and China. Zhongguo Renmin Zhìyuànjūn 中国人民志愿军 The China People's Volunteer Army Léi Yīngfū the Luòyáng Cáizǐ  雷应付, 洛阳才子 Assisted Kimn Il Sung during the Korean War. Mao called him later the Literary Genius from Luoyang Lǐ Chéngwǎn李承晚 1st president of South Korea Syngman Rhee Guoqing   国庆 National Day Zhongguo laobaixing   中国老百姓 The Chinese People Kàng Mei Yúan Cháo Zhànzhēng   抗美援朝战争 The resist America and defend Korea War (What China calls The Korean War). Kàng Mei Yúan Cháo   抗美援朝 resist America and defend Korea. Zhong Mei Guanxi   中美关系  China-US Relations Yang Kaihui   杨开慧 Mao's 1st wife (if you don't include the arranged marriage he never recognized) Mao Anying   毛岸英 Son of Mao Zedong and Yang Kaihui shi   市 a City zhen   镇 a Town cun   村 a Village Vo Nguyên Giáp   武元甲 Great military hero of Vietnam Wéi Guóqīng   韦国清 Dien Bien Phu   奠边府 City in Vietnam where the French were defeated in 1954 Pham Van Dong   范文同   Former prime minister of Vietnam Liuzhou, Guangxi   广西柳州 Major city in Guangxi province Huan Xiang   宦乡   Journalist and diplomat Bandung   万隆 City in Indonesia, site of a famous conference Gao Gang   高岗  Heavyweight in northeast China and later victim of the first purge after the PRC was established. San Fan   三反运动 The Three Anti Campaign launched end 1951 Wu Fan   五反运动 The Five Anti Campaign launched in early 1952

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