Aprende ingles con La Mansión del Inglés-Learn E

Aprende ingles con La Mansión del Inglés-Learn E

Spain

Lecciones para aprender y mejorar tú inglés. English lessons to improve your grammar, vocabulary and listening skills.

Episodes

Mansion Interviews Jack Askew from tofluency.com and teachingeslonline.com  

Puedes contestar las preguntas de comprensión y obtener ayuda con el vocabulario difícil en esta entrevista en inglespodcast.com   

You can answer listening comprehension questions and get help with difficult vocabulary in this interview at inglespodcast.com 

 

Vocabulary

urge = deseo, impulso
stipend = beca
funky (bars) = de moda, en la onda
it rings a bell = it seems familiar
(insurance) policy = póliza
to set up = instalar, montar
to struggle (to have difficulty) = costar
risky = arriesgado/a
to own = poseer, ser dueño de
to put (something) off = posponer
to go all in = echar el resto, ir con todo, apostar todo
overlap = coincidencia
to outsource = subcontratar
to scale = modificar la escala
deadline = fecha tope, fecha límite
to procrastinate = posponer, dejar para después
to run into someone = tropezarse con, encontrarse con 

Pronunciation | Linking sounds in Connected Speech - AIRC132  

In this episode we're going to help you improve your pronunciation with linking sounds. How words join together in connected speech - because WE DO NOT SPEAK LIKE ROBOTS DO WE?

Más podcasts para mejorar tu ingles en: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

More podcasts to improve your English at: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 


Audio message from Jose from Mexico.

Audio message from Mamen: doubt and hesitate

Doubt
I doubt if we can help her. Why are you hesitating?
Doubt = dudar “I doubt if we’ll be making a special Christmas podcast this year.”
“I doubt that I’ll be eating turkey on Christmas day.”
“Did you have doubts about the consistency of this podcast when we first started?”


To doubt means to lack confidence in something; to disbelieve, question, or suspect.
To hesitate means to stop or pause before making a decision or doing something.
(dudar , vacilar)

Expressions with doubt
there is some doubt about it = sobre esto existen dudas
beyond doubt = fuera de duda
beyond all reasonable doubt = más allá de toda duda
to cast doubt on = poner en duda
to clear up sb's doubts = sacar a algn de dudas
to have one's doubts about sth = tener sus dudas acerca de algo
no doubt! = ¡sin duda!
to throw doubt on = poner en duda
without (a) doubt = sin duda (alguna)

to hesitate to do sth = dudar en hacer algo
“When I did a bungy jump, I hesitated before I jumped, but I had no doubt it was safe.”
Don’t hesitate to contact us, send Reza an email.
Don't hesitate to ask us = no vaciles en pedírnoslo, no dejes de pedírnoslo
To hesitate before doing sth = dudar antes de hacer algo
What do you hesitate before doing?

Connected speech. Why do native English speakers connect their speech? We try to say the most we can in the shortest possible time.

English is a stress-timed language. Spanish is a syllable-timed language.

1 - 2 - 3 - 4
1 and 2 and 3 and 4
1 and a 2 and a 3 and a 4
1 and then a 2 and then a 3 and then a 4

CATS CHASE MICE
the CATS CHASE MICE
the CATS CHASE the MICE
the cats will CHASE the MICE
the CATS will have CHASED the MICE

"here and there" Do you pronounce the 'r' at the end of 'here'
"more examples"
"A doctor or a lawyer"
"We never ever thought we'd love podcasting"
"The biscuits are in the cupboard"
“This is a better episode than last week’s.”

Does the first word have to end in an ‘r’ sound, and the second begin with a vowel sound (like better and episode)?

law and order (‘r’ sound)
Pasta and cheese (‘r’ sound)

Go away (‘w’ sound)
No, I can’t (‘w’ sound)

She isn’t there (‘y’ sound)
Tea and biscuits (‘y’ sound)


Consonant + vowel sound (link the sounds together when a consonant is followed by a vowel)
I need it = I needit
Say a word = saya word
Read a text = reada text

Consonant + consonant (if the consonant is the same sound, just pronounce it once)
Big girl = bigirl
Best teacher = besteacher
Good day = gooday (or G’day if you’re Australian!)
Take the fast train = fastrain

I needto stopeating chocolate = I need to stop eating chocolate.
Playa songon ya violin = Play a song on your violin.
Are ya gonna sitdown or standup? = Are you going to sit down or stand up?


Other examples - dictation:

Wacha gonna do? = What are you going to do?

I’ve gotta geta lotavit = I’ve got to get a lot of it

She can’tavarrivedearly = She can’t have arrived early

Sendusanemail = send us an email

I’ve never bininafrica = I’ve never been in Africa ('Nicola's been in Benin, Africa')

Wadaya do? = What do you do? (for a living)

Pickitupoff the floor = pick it up off the floor

He mustav eatenitall = He must have eaten it all


A similar thing happens in Spanish also - cortado, cuñado, pringado

...and now it's your turn to practise your English. Do you have a question for us or an idea for a future episode?
Send us a voice message and tell us what you think. www.speakpipe.com/inglespodcast 


Send us an email with a comment or question to craig@inglespodcast.com or belfastreza@gmail.com.


If you would like more detailed shownotes, go to https://www.patreon.com/inglespodcast 
Our lovely sponsors are:

Lara Arlem
Carlos Garrido
Zara Heath Picazo
Mamen
Juan Leyva Galera
Sara Jarabo
Corey Fineran
Manuel García Betegón
Jorge Jiménez
Raul Lopez
Rafael
Daniel Contreras Aladro
Manuel Tarazona
Mariel Riedemann


On next week's episode: Adverbial clauses, linkers and conjunctions

Más podcasts para mejorar tu ingles en: http://www.inglespodcast.com/

Ghosts and the Supernatural - AIRC131  

In this episode we're going to talk about ghosts and the supernatural an idea from Liliana from Colombia who sent us this voice message


Más podcasts para mejorar tu ingles en: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

More podcasts to improve your English at: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

Feedback: Bruno Schvidah from Brazil
My name is Bruno and I am from Brazil but recently living in Copenhagen!
My weak side has been "adverbial clauses and linkers" I would really like to go through that!
For now, I wish you all a great Friday!
All the best, Bruno

Episode 32
Although / even though / despite / in spite of - http://www.inglespodcast.com/2014/10/09/im-just-a-poor-english-teacher-im-happy-though-airc32/ 

Episode 55
but, even though/although, however, in spite of/despite - http://www.inglespodcast.com/2015/06/14/linking-words-but-even-thoughalthough-however-in-spite-ofdespite-etc-shopping-expressions-airc55/ 

Go and listen to those two episodes, Bruno and if there are linking words, conjunctions that we did not mention, please tell us and we will talk about them in a future episode of Aprender Inglés con Reza y Craig.

Audio Feedback from Roberto from Mexico.
How do you believe that the place where you learn a language affects the way you speak?
A student from Argentina who learned from a teacher from the US and then came to Spain speaks with an American accent.
Friends from the UK who have learned Spanish in Argentina, Mexico and Peru speak very differently to the way I do.

Liliana also sent us an email. Comment by Lili Corne from Colombia, Cali
Hello , the podcast was fantastic today, I would like to talk some day about ghosts, for example, Do you believe in ghosts? I have an experience about that!

Vocabulary

Ghost, ghastly, phantom - fantasma
To haunt - encantar - a haunted house
Spooky - espeluznante
Words for the devil - el diablo: lucifer, the beast, Satan, 666, beelzebub, The Prince of Darkness
Evil - mal, vil
Curse - una maldición
Demons and angels
To terrify - aterrorizar a , terrifying - espantoso/a “I was terrified” / “It was a terrifying experience”
To scare - asustar, aterrorizar, scary
Fear (noun) - niedo, to fear - temer
To be afraid(adj.) - tener miedo
Fright (noun) - susto - I caught/had a fright
Frighten (verb) - asustar a
Frightening (adj.)
Frightful (adj.) a frightful shock
To scream - gritar (a blood curdling/spine chilling scream)
To howl (like a werewolf) gritar, aullar
The afterlife, life after death - el más allá, ultratumba
Coffin - ataúd
To bury - enterrar
Cemetery - cementerio
Grave - tumba, gravestone - lápida mortuoria
Gruesome - repelente - “a gruesome killing”
Eerie - inquietante, escalofriante - an eerie silence
Witch - bruja - broomstick - palo de escoba , to cackle - reírse a carcajadas, to cast a spell - embrujar , witchcraft/sorcery - brujería, wand - varita
fairies - las hadas
wizard - mago, hechicero
Zombie


Discussion

Afterlife - What happens to a person’s soul or spirit after they die (to die, death, he died or passed away)

Astral projection - the process whereby our etheric body, spirit or mind separates from the physical body, while maintaining a level of consciousnes (out of body experiences).

Channeling - Uses communication with the paranormal through a state of trance.

Dowsing - To be able to find underground water and/or underground minerals

Ley lines - hypothetical alignments of a number of places of geographical interest, such as ancient monuments and megaliths.

ESP - Extrasensory perception (ESP) is the knowledge of external objects or events. A sixth sense beyond the five man already uses. Animals seem to have it.
What are the 5 senses? (hearing, sight, touch, smell, and taste)

Past Life Recall - To remember or have mental flashes about living in another lifetime.

Reincarnation -The belief that a person's soul will, following bodily death, inhabit a new body in a long cycle of rebirths.

Telepathy - To know what others are thinking as if to hear thoughts in your head. Thought transference including the sending and receiving of thoughts.

...and now it's your turn to practise your English. Do you believe in life after death? Do you have any supernatural stories or experiences to share with us? Maybe you know someone who has had a supernatural experience. Send us a voice message and tell us what you think. www.speakpipe.com/inglespodcast

Send us an email with a comment or question to craig@inglespodcast.com or belfastreza@gmail.com.

If you would like more detailed shownotes, go to https://www.patreon.com/inglespodcast 


Our lovely sponsors are:

Lara Arlem

Marketing and Market Research - AIRC130  

In this episode we're going to help you improve your marketing vocabulary

Audio feedback from Maria Jose from Cordoba
Sign up to our email list and we'll tell you when you can join our free conversation practice. http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 


Más podcasts para mejorar tu ingles en: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

More podcasts to improve your English at: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 


Listener Feedback: Maite
Hi Craig!
First of all I have to say that your English podcasts are by far the best. I've never seen such magnificent podcasts.
Well, I'd like you to teach me vocabulary about marketing issues because I'm doing a degree in marketing and market research and I want to get more vocabulary skills.
That's all folks!
Thanks in advance for being as you are.
Maite

"Marketing is the study and management of exchange relationships." - wikipedia

Does marketing have good or bad connotations?

Marketing is activities of a company associated with buying and selling a product or service.
People who work in marketing try to get the attention of target audiences by using slogans, packaging design, celebrity endorsements and general media exposure.

Marketing is everything a company does to acquire customers and maintain a relationship with them. Is this necessarily a bad thing?

Even the small tasks like writing thank-you letters, returning phone calls and emails promptly and meeting with a past client for coffee can be thought of as marketing.

The ultimate goal of marketing is to match a company's products and services to the people who need and want them, thereby ensuring profitability.

Vocabulary

brand / make / label
consumer
distribution - delivering the product to the customer
end-user - the person, customer who is the ultimate (and so real) user of a product
launch - lanzar
E-commerce – buying and selling of products or services over the Internet.
E-marketing – Promotion of products and services over the Internet
market research
Market niche – Small but profitable segment (segmento) of a market in which a company is a specialist
market share
Inbound Marketing - marketing activities that draw visitors in, rather than marketers having to go out to get prospects' attention.
packaging
Engagement Rate - A popular social media metric used to describe the amount of interaction (likes, shares, comments etc.) a piece of content receives. Interactions like these tell you that your messages are resonating with your fans and followers.
keywords - the topics that webpages get indexed for in search results by engines like Google
Product range/line – products of a particular type manufactured and/or sold by a company
Product positioning – consumer perception of a product as compared to it’s competition.

Product placement – a form of advertisement, when a company pays for a product to be seen in films and TV programs.
Corporate image – The way society views a company.
trademark - special symbol, design, word etc used to represent a product or firm
sponsor
Lead - A person or company who's shown interest in a product or service in some way, shape, or form. Perhaps they filled out a form, subscribed to a blog, or shared their contact information in exchange for something.
Landing Page - A landing page is a website page containing a form that is used for lead generation.
Conversion Rate - The percentage of people who completed a desired action on a single web page, such as filling out a form. Pages with high conversion rates are performing well, while pages with low conversion rates are performing poorly.
Bounce Rate - The percentage of people who land on a page on your website and then leave without clicking on anything else or navigating to any other pages on your site. (to bounce = rebotar)

Marketing Acronyms

ROI - Return on Investment - The formula for ROI is: Gain from Investment minus Cost of Investment

SEO - Search Engine Optimization - The practice of enhancing where a webpage appears in search results.

LTV - Lifetime Value - A prediction of the net profit attributed to the entire future relationship with a customer.

CAC - Customer Acquisition Cost - Your total Sales and Marketing cost.

CTR - Clickthrough Rate - The percentage of your audience that advances (or clicks through) from one part of your website to the next step of your marketing campaign.

CTA - Call-to-Action - a text link, button, image, or some type of web link that encourages a website visitor to visit a landing page and become of lead. Some examples of CTAs are “Subscribe Now” or “Download this PDF document Today.”

B2C (Business-to-Consumer) - sells to consumers (Amazon, Apple)

B2B (Business-to-Business) - sells to other busi

Mansion Interviews Andrew Walkely from londonlanguagelab.com  

Andrew Walkely and I worked at the same language school in Valancia when Andrew was living here with his family a few years ago.
But he left Valencia and we lost touch with each other, as people do, so I was really pleased to meet up with him at a teaching conference in the Uk this year.
We had lunch together during the conference and he told me about an exciting new project he's
started in London so I wanted to bring him on the podcast to speak about it.

Don't forget that you can improve your listening with comprehension questions and find some help with difficult words from this interview at inglespodcast.com/andrew 

Más podcasts para mejorar tu ingles en: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

More podcasts to improve your English at: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 


Vocabulary
freelance - independiente, autónomo/a
to set up (a company)
rolayties
bizzare
joint venture - empresa conjunta
redevelopment - remodelación, reurbanización
council estate - un barrio de viviendas de alquiler subvencionadas por el ayuntamiento.


Outcomes: Real English for the real world by Andrew Walkley and Hugh dellar: http://ngl.cengage.com/search/productOverview.do?N=4294918556+200&Ntk=P_EPI&Ntt=174246954616375171057465195942078708486&Ntx=mode%2Bmatchallpartial 

Lexical lab: http://www.lexicallab.com/  
London Language Lab: http://www.londonlanguagelab.com/ 


Many thanks to Andrew for coming on the podcast. I'm sure you join me in wishing him every success with London Language Lab teaching centre at http://www.londonlanguagelab.com/ All links, as usual, can be found at
inglespodcast.com along with more podcasts to improve your English and take it to the next level
Thank you to you for listening to this Mansion Interview. Remember, you can study English free at mansioningles.com

Más podcasts para mejorar tu ingles en: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

More podcasts to improve your English at: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

Time Clauses and Time Expressions - AIRC129  

In this episode we're going to help you with your time clauses

Más podcasts para mejorar tu ingles en: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

More podcasts to improve your English at: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

Feedback: Email from Rafael alba garcia
I've just listened to the new podcast and I found it very interesting with these nine words in Spanish. Episode 127: http://www.inglespodcast.com/2016/10/30/9-spanish-words-we-need-in-english-airc127/  
Muy bien descritas esas nueve palabras, pero con la explicación de «ya», en mi opinión Reza no ha estado del todo (a bit) exacto, porque cuando en español se hace una pregunta, (por ejemplo).... ¿quieres un vaso de agua? o ¿tu eres Craig?, los españoles no solemos contestar «ya».....otra cosa es que yo diga....¡Tú eres Craig!, (afirmación), entonces Craig puede contestar, ya, (ya lo sé)

Audio Feedback: Ivan from Valencia

We spoke about time clauses with the present perfect in Episode 18 ( http://www.inglespodcast.com/2014/03/24/present-perfect-fig-rolls-with-special-guest-bea-airc18/ ) Specifically STILL / ALREADY / JUST / YET / SO FAR (often used with the present perfect)
AGO / LAST WEEK, MONTH / YESTERDAY / IN 2006 (Often used with the past simple)

More time expressions

AFTER - I made coffee after Reza arrived. / After Reza arrived, I made coffee.
I'll have a shower after you.
What are you doing after we finish recording?

More uses of after:
expressions
day after day - día tras día. What are the same mistakes you keep correcting in your classes day after day.
one after the other - uno tras otro. I can’t stop eating chocolates. Once I start, I eat them one after the other.
one excuse after another - excusas y más excusas. When I ask my students for hand in their writing homework I get a load odd excuses, one after the other.
after you! - ¡pase usted!, ¡usted primero!

behind
close the door after you - cierra la puerta al salir or cuando salgas
I'm tired of cleaning up after you - estoy cansado de ir detrás de ti limpiándolo todo

Looking for
She's after a husband - Va en pos de un marido
They're all after the same thing - Todos van a por lo mismo
What is he after? - ¿Qué pretende?
I see what you're after - Ya caigo, ya comprendo lo que quieres decir; (hostile) ya te he calado

in view of - después de
After all I've done for you - Después de / Con todo lo que he hecho por ti
He can't go back after what he's done - Después de lo que ha hecho no puede volver

BEFORE - we had lunch before we started recording. We taught classes before we had lunch.

Different uses of before

anteriormente
Have you been here before? - ¿Habías estado aquí anteriormente?

rather than
I would die before I would criticize her. - Moriría antes de criticarla.

in front of
He stood before the crowd and raised his arms. - Él se paró ante la multitud y levantó los brazos.
I stood before my students and made a fool of myself.

por delante
She has her whole career before her. - Ella tiene toda una carrera por delante

antes que
Personally, I'd eat pizza before caviar or truffles. - Personalmente, prefiero comer pizza antes que caviar o trufas.
I’d prefer to eat chocolate before food.

ante
They performed an open-air concert before a huge audience. - Dieron un concierto al aire libre ante un numeroso público.

WHEN (cuando) - I was making coffee when Reza arrived.

WHILE (mientras) - I was making coffee while Reza was testing the microphone. (during the time that)

While/When Reza was living in Salamanca, he met Patricia.

BY THE TIME - What do you hope to have done by the time you’ve retired? (future perfect)
By the time we get to the station the train will have gone!

AS SOON AS - (tan pronto como) I will pay for your ticket as soon as you make the reservation. - Tan pronto como hagan la reserva pagaré la factura.
As soon as this podcast is published it goes to iTunes and all the other podcast applications.

ASAP (AS SOON AS POSSIBLE) Lo antes posible. We must record some more podcasts as soon as possible!
I’ll let you know as soon as possible.


Would you like to join us for fluency practice with me once a week? Sign up to our inglespodcast newsletter for details.

IN THE END (al fin y al cabo, al final) We had some technical problems with the podcast today, but we recorded all of it in the end.


AT THE END (al final - at the final stages of something, at the point when something finishes) What happened at the end of the film?
The toilet is at the end of the hall.

AT LAST (al fin, por fin) - we managed to meet this. Week, at last. Finally!

DURING (durante) How many times have I hit the pause button during this podcast?

Vague Language - AIRC128  

 

In this episode we're going to help you understand and use vague language. What are you doing later this evening? - I’ve got to sort out some stuff at home. (What stuff?)


Más podcasts para mejorar tu ingles en: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

More podcasts to improve your English at: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

Listener Feedback: A question from Vanessa in my FCE class: What is the difference between "even though" and "even so"? When do you use the first and when do you use the second?

EVEN THOUGH = aunque, a pesar de que - "I decided to walk to the library even though it was raining." / "Decidí caminar hasta la biblioteca aunque estaba lloviendo."

EVEN SO = aun así - "I know you don't like vegetables, darling. Even so, you must eat them." / "Ya sé que no te gustan las verduras cariño. Pero aun así te las tienes que comer."

Vague language - not distinct (vago/a)

Sometimes vague language is bad:
How much does this cost? - Around 15 quid, more or less.
Legal contracts and documents, for example, shouldn’t be vague.
When we speak though, we often use vague language.

What did you do yesterday morning?

I took the number 19 bus into the centre of Valencia and bought a pair of blue shoes and a beige pair of shorts in El Corte Inglés. Then I met Michelle for coffee in Starbucks at 12.30.

I went into town to get a few things and then I met a friend for coffee. (more natural)

Vague language
STUFF - There’s so much stuff in my bag. / Clean all that stuff off the floor. (stuff is uncountable: “A lot of stuff” / “Lots of stuff.” / “Much stuff” / “Loads of stuff.”
What’s that stuff you use to make your hair soft?
THINGS - Pass me that thing/thingy on the table. / Don’t forget to take all those things with you when you go.

Are you going to that thing this weekend?
Have you got a lot of stuff to do tonight? (I've got a few bits and bobs/bits and pieces/odds and sods to do)

Vague language for numbers and quantities
Loads of
A few
A couple
Lots of
...ish
More or less

How many emails do you think I got yesterday in the Mansión Inglés and Inglespodcast email accounts?
I got 117 emails yesterday - I got loads of emails yesterday.

Reza had 5 biscuits with his tea. - Reza had a few biscuits with his tea.

Vague language to make a list shorter
…..and that kind/sort of thing
….and so on
…..etcetera (etc)
….and things like that
….or something
….or something like that

What do you like to do at weekends? - Sleep in ‘till late. go to the beach, meet up with friends, listen to podcasts, read, drink beer and watch TV series. - You know, sleep in drink beer with friends, that kind of thing. (Don’t give EVERY DETAIL)

What kind of food do you eat when you’re home in Belfast?
Meat, potatoes, stew and things like that.

He’s got a flash new sports car; a Jaguar or BMW or something.

Vague language to be indirect
Do you want to go back to that French restaurant?
Not really, it’s expensive. (direct)
Not really, it’s kind of expensive. / Not really, it’s a bit expensive. (more indirect)

What do you think of Tom?
He sort of annoys me sometimes. (‘sort of’ makes the criticism softer)

I kind of don’t really feel like going out tonight. (indirect) = I want to stay in! (direct)

about/around

Let’s meet at 11 to record the podcasts. (direct)
Let’s meet about/around 11 to record the podcasts. (indirect)

Can you get here at 11?
Can you get here around 11? (Using rising intonation also makes this more indirect, softer and polite - less like an order)

Approximately / roughly
Approximately - I can do this for you for approximately 250 euros.
Roughly - There’s roughly 16 in the class.

Vague language when you’ve forgotten a name or a word.
Thingy - Pass me that thingy on the table.
Whatsit / What’s it called - Where's the whatsit that you change channels with?
You'd better tell whatsit - what's his name - the guy in charge of the conference.
Thingamajig - Take out the plastic thingamajig and then put the batteries in.
What’s it called? / What do you call it? - I need to open this bottle of wine, but I haven’t got a ….what’s is called?...the thing you open bottles with…....ahh! a corkscrew!
Whatshisname / whatshername / whatshisface / whatsherface (What is her face?) - I got an email from er...whatshisname? Er..y’know, that bloke from Madrid this morning. (not used in written English and N OT used in person to someone’s face! XHey, you, whatsyourface, can you pass the wine?X

...and now it's your turn to practise your English. Do you have a question for us or an idea for a future episode?
Send us a voice message and tell us what you think. www.speakpipe.com/ingl

9 Spanish Words We Need In English - AIRC127  

 

In this episode we look at 9 words that don't have direct translations in English.

Más podcasts para mejorar tu ingles en: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

More podcasts to improve your English at: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

 

Listener Feedback: Javier from Tolasa
What's the difference between 'life expectation' and 'life expectancy' (and also 'life span')?

Life expectancy usually refers to the amount of years left in one's life based on the person's current age.
Life span refers to the average total duration of a lifetime within specific groups

9 Spanish Words We Need in English

1.GUIRI: a foreigner, usually a tourist, who happens to be in Spain and stands out as being pretty obviously not a local. (GRINGO in Central/South America)

En España los guiris hacen más ruido que los españoles. SAYS WHO? I COMPLETELY DISAGREE!

Do you wear sandals and socks? Walk on the sunny side of the street in August?
“Only mad dogs and Englishmen go out in the midday sun!”

2. ESTRENAR: to wear or use something for the first time.

Wear for the first time
Make a debut in a job or in a new post or position
(Films in the cinema) Premiere, release a film, to perform for the first time.

3. ESPABILAR - To liven up, to hurry up, to get one's act together, to wake up, to get a move on, move yourself!
¡Espabila o el banco estará cerrado! - Get your arse in gear or the bank will be closed!

4. CACHONDEO - Messing and joking around
cachondearse = laugh at, (slang - take the mickey), (formal - to mock, ridicule) - “No te enfades, que estoy de cachondeo, no lo digo en serio.”
(falta de seriedad) - a joke a laugh “Esto es un cachondeo, aquí nadie hace lo que debe hacer.”

5. AUTÓNOMO - A registered self-employed person, independent, self-sufficient. The word also refers to freelancers and contractors.
“Es una mujer autónoma que vive independiente.” - She's a self-sufficient woman who lives independently.

 

6. PAGAFANTAS - 'Fanta buyer', it usually refers to guys who buy drinks for girls and treat them nicely, but never actually get anywhere in the relationship. (a mug, chump)
eg. Reza, quite often

7. FUNCIONARIO - clerk, civil servant, official (oposiciones)
“La ambición de mi primo es ser funcionario.”

8. ALTA/BAJA (These words have multiple meanings) - sign on/off the dole (el paro) or social security or many other things, register/unregister (something), statement of fitness for work/sick line
DAR DE ALTA: to be discharged from hospital / to join an organization, to register
DAR DE BAJA: to unsubscribe

9. YA (Reza both loves and hates this word in equal measure because its shortness can be very useful or very sarcastic) - “Yes”, “That’s right”, “Told you (so)”, “I see (what you mean)”, “Stop (talking)”, “Yes, I already know (that)”, “Yes, I’ve already done that”, “About time/At last”, “That’s quite enough”, “Is that it/all?”

Ahora mismo (now): “Quiero que entres en casa ya.” - I want you to go into the house now. / “Ya se acabó” - it's all over now

Anteriormente (already): “La policía ya había detenido al ladrón en dos ocasiones.” - The police had already detained the thief on two occasions.

¡Basta ya! - Stop it already!, Enough already!, Enough!, Knock it off!

ya entiendo - I see
¡ya lo sé! - I know!
ya, pero ... - yes, but ...
¡ya, ya! - yes, yes!, oh, yes!, oh, sure! (irony)
ya, y luego viste un burro volando - ¿no? sure, and pigs might fly! (irony)
esto ya es un robo - this really is robbery

 

GOING FORWARD

As a valued literary stakeholder all are
Welcome to this key verse
In which you can decide how we
Will go forward together into the future.

A future full, so full,
Of a raft of broad-ranging initiatives
In which we must all pool resources
By supporting this latest proposal, going forward.

Due to present unavoidable circumstances
Words must be properly managed
And targeted primarily only to
Those most in need of them.

Should any mistruth occur, per se,
In accordance with best practice
It will be swiftly dealt with
And those responsible will be held accountable.

In terms of teamwork and leadership
Verbal synergy will be the
Benchmark and core competency
In the most encompassing global sense.

In the face of growing misconception
It now only remains for me
To tender my resignation in a
Bid to quell mounting concern that
These lines are not fit for purpose

Reza Shah


...and now it's your turn to practise your English. Do you have a question for us or an idea for a future episode?
Send us a voice message and tell us what you think. https://www.speakpipe.com/inglespodcast 


Se

Alternative Medicine - AIRC126  

Alternative Medicine - AIRC126

In this episode we'll be speaking about alternative medicine (aromatherapy, acupuncture etc.)

Más podcasts para mejorar tu ingles en: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

More podcasts to improve your English at: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

Listener Feedback: Salui
http://www.sobreperrospod.es/ En hora buena Salvi Melguizo y Ana Sánchez por llegar a 100 episodios de Sobre Perros!!
http://fisiosmterapia.com/podcast/

Voice message from Pilar from Madrid

Email from Carlos
"I am trying now to get the Cambridge First Certificate, so I was looking for some audios in the internet in order to train my listening skills when I found your podcasts by chance.

I´d like to tell you that not only are your podcasts really useful to improve my listening and grammar skills, but they are also very funny, I have a good time with them. (I really enjoy them).
Actually, I usually go running twice or three times a week and I do that listening to your episodes. Sometimes you guys make me laugh and people who look at me running and laughing. They probably think that I am absolutely crazy.

Does that happen to you Reza, when you’re reading on the bus or train?

Alternative medicine
Email from Eva Garcia Romo
Hello Craig!
It’s me again! Sorry, but nowadays I teach English in a wellness clinic to therapists, personal trainers and so on, and I really need your help to talk about vocabulary and expressions in this area.
Would it be possible to have something about this in a podcast?
Thanks in advance for your always kind help.
Best regards
Eva

Wikipedia: "Alternative medicine is any practice that is put forward as (presented as) having the healing effects of medicine,
but does not originate from evidence gathered using the scientific method. Nor is it part of biomedicine, nor contradicted by scientific evidence or established science."

Examples include new and traditional medicine practices such as homeopathy, naturopathy, chiropractic, energy medicine, various forms of acupuncture, acupressure, traditional Chinese medicine, cupping, Ayurvedic medicine, Sekkotsu, Reiki, Bach flowers remedies, aromatherapy, Alexander technique, crystal healing, Shiatsu, reflexology, chromotherapy/colour therapy and Christian faith healing.

We don’t have time to speak about ALL the difference types, but we’re going to look at four kinds of alternative medicine and see if we believe that they actually work.

We’ll look at HOMEOPATHY, ACUPUNCTURE, AROMATHERAPY and The ALEXANDER TECHNIQUE

Vocab:
To treat (treatment), to treat someone FOR something “I’m being treated for high uric acid.”
Placebo = a fake treatment with no physical/scientific basis for success, often used in clinical trials
(Do/carry out/conduct) research
Scientific studies
Pseudoscience - a claim, belief, or practice presented as scientific, but which does not follow scientific method.
A charlatan = someone who pretends (fingir) to know something that s/he really doesn’t
“Mind over matter” = believing that your thoughts can in themselves produce physical effects
To cash in (on something) = to make money from a popular trend or fad
eg. “The shopkeeper is cashing in on the popularity of crystal healing by starting to sell expensive healing crystals in his shop.”
A practitioner = a person who practices (alternative/conventional) medicine
Conventional medicine = not alternative medicine (eg. radiation chemotherapy)
New Age = the modern equivalent of the hippie/flower power movement

HOMEOPATHY
What is homeopathy?
“Homeopathy is a natural form of medicine used by over 200 million people worldwide to treat both acute and chronic conditions. It is based on the principle of ‘like cures like’. In other words, a substance taken in small amounts will cure the same symptoms it causes if it were taken in large amounts.

The holistic nature of homeopathy means each person is treated as a unique individual and their body, mind, spirit and emotions are all considered in the management and prevention of disease. Taking all these factors into account a homeopath will select the most appropriate medicine based on the individual’s specific symptoms and personal level of health to stimulate their own healing ability.

Homeopathic medicines are safe to use as they rarely cause side-effects. This means when used appropriately under the guidance of a qualified homeopath they can be taken by people of all ages, including babies, children and pregnant or breastfeeding women.” (source: The British Homeopathic Association)

Homeopathy isn’t just taking herbal medicine. Caffeine is prescribed by homeopaths (under the name 'coffea') as a treatment for insomnia.

Wikipedia: Homeopathic preparations are not effective for treating

Phrasal Verbs with TAKE and GET - AIRC125  

In this episode we look at phrasal verbs with take and get in answer to a voice message from Ivan.

Más podcasts para mejorar tu ingles en: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

More podcasts to improve your English at: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

Listener Feedback: Manuel Tarazona from Paterna

Hello podcasters, I'm writing a new letter to you while I'm listening (to) the drug episode when I've just finished my holidays. Drugs Episode 118 - http://www.inglespodcast.com/2016/08/28/drugs-and-addiction-airc118/  
I hope you could talk about playing music in a future episode: instruments, amplifiers, speakers.....
I play guitar with my friends and I'm interesting about (interested in) that vocabulary. Thanks you for your podcasts and go on!
A big hug for you from Manuel.
Paterna.
We spoke about music vocabulary in Episode 27 - http://www.inglespodcast.com/2014/07/14/its-cheap-at-half-the-price-airc27/ 


Voice message: Drug episode from anonymous (Messy - desordenado): Drugs and Addiction Episode 118

Ivan Ballester- voice message TAKE and GET phrasal verbs (voice message stops after 90 seconds)
Here are some of the more common uses of TAKE and GET as phrasal verbs:

TAKE

Take off (clothes) Doctor: “Take your shirt off, please.” "Please take off your shoes before you go inside."
(despegar) "What time does your plane take off?"
Take off (a person, to impersonate) “Can you take off Donald Trump?”
(when a business or career is successful) "Our podcast has really taken off this year."
(to leave) "What time are you taking off today?", (take time off) "I'm taking a couple of days off work."

Take up (accept an offer) “Not many students wanted to take up the offer of free classes at 7 o’clock in the morning.”
(occupy) “Craig’s Mickey Mouse memorabilia takes up a lot of space in his bedroom.“ “Podcasting takes up a lot of time.”
(start doing) Take up a hobby

Take on (employ new people): "Our company’s expanding and we’re going to take on more employees." / (engañar) "You were taken on with that car.
It's not worth 4,000 euros." / (challenge/fight/compete against) "Although Goliath was a giant, David took him on and won.” "Who are valencia taking on next week?"

Take over a business (take control). Also a noun "There's been a take over." "When my sister comes to visit she always takes over."
“Who will take over from the current President in the next elections?”

Take out (sacar, to remove from a place) “Craig suspiciously took out a huge bar of dark chocolate from his briefcase.”
(salir con alguien) "I'm taking out a girl from work on Friday. I'm taking her out for dinner."

Take down (to write on paper, to dismantle/remove) "Take this down." = "Write this on paper" / "We're taking down the light in our dining room."

Take back (to return) "This camera is too complicated for me. I'm taking it back to the shop for a refund."
(admit saying something wrong) “I wrongly accused Jack of cheating. I’m sorry and I take it back.”

Take after (resemble, parecerse a) “Mary has a big nose, just like her mother. Mary takes after her mother.” “I take after my dad.”

Take in (comprehend, understand) “Susan was very attentive to my story. She took in every detail.” "I listened to his presentation, but I couldn't take anything in."
(make clothes smaller) "I need to take this jacket in. It's too baggy."

Take up (make shorter) "If your trousers are too long, you take them up."

 


GET

get up (levantarse) "What time did you get up this morning?"

get over (recover from) “It takes time to get over a serious illness/divorce.” "It can take time to get over a relationship."

get by (arreglarse) "Do you think you'll be able to get by on a Spanish pension?"

get away (go on holiday, escapar, fugarse) “She likes to get away at Easter, if she can.” "We're hoping to get away for a few days to visit Mamen in Huesca."

Get away with (escape unpunished) “The robber tried to get away with the crime, but the police caught her.” “I wonder if I can get away with not paying my taxes this year.”

Get on (subir) “We got on the bus/bikes and departed/left.”

Get on with (continue without delay) “Stop telling silly jokes and get on with the podcast, Reza!”

Get on/along with sb (llevarse bien con) "I get along very well with my sister." "Angeles doesn't get on very well with my mum." “Craig and Reza get along/on like a house on fire.”

Get out (salir, escapar) "Get out!" - ¡Fuera de aquí! "Get out of the way!" - ¡apártate!, "Have you ever thought of getting out of teaching?"

Get out of (avoid doing something) “Tom always gets out of paying for anything. He’s very stingy.”

Get into (meterse en) "I got into a taxi and came straight home."
(enganchar

How Not to Repeat Yourself in English - AIRC124  

In this episode we'll be speaking about avoiding repetition. Not saying 'thank you' all the time or repeating expressions like 'How are you?'

Más podcasts para mejorar tu ingles en: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

More podcasts to improve your English at: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

Listener Feedback: Fransisco from Granada
Voice message - good news! Francisco Espínola from Granada passed his FCE exam!
Thanks for your comments, Francisco. Wonderful pronunciation and not one mistake!

Itunes reviews thank yous to everyone who has taken the time to write a short for us.
It's because of you that we are one of the best podcasts for learning English in itunes - the most visible.

chuspo from Spain
Merak.kain from Mexico
rrg01 from Mexico
Sirihus from Spain ("It's the best podcast I've ever heard and you are a perfect couple, doing that everything flows so perfect and easy")
Mcorrea2004 from Spain
Alvaroscali from Spain

Comment on the website from Rafael:
Hello Reza and Craig, very interesting this episode speaking about drugs - Episode 118  http://www.inglespodcast.com/2016/08/28/drugs-and-addiction-airc118/  
Me ha gustado mucho todo lo que comentáis. Lo ha hecho como siempre, muy bien.

Hablais de las adicciones en las que se toman algunas sustancias químicas,
pero habéis pasado por alto una adicción muy potente que es la "ludopatía" o la afición por el juego, (ya sea cartas, lotería o las máquinas tragaperras - slot machines, fruit machines, one-armed bandit)

Muchas personas se enganchan sin tomar ninguna droga, Es curioso como la química del cerebro crea sus propias sustancias para que la gente quede muy enganchada
de personas que lo han perdido todo, sin tomar absolutamente ninguna sustancia química.

También he recordado una canción de John Lennon, que se llamaba "Cold Turkey" ahora ya sé lo que significaba, "el mono".
Saludos, Rafael.

to gamble - apostar, jugar

If you're struggling to understand this podcast:
Nuestra tienda de descargas: http://store.mansioningles.net/ 


Voice message from Elisa from Finland - She hates dependent prepositions! Time flies and the show must go on.


Hi, this is Javier from Tolosa. One question, please.
Episode 119 - http://www.inglespodcast.com/2016/09/04/getting-dressed-and-undressed-airc119/ 
What do you wear for work (usually – as a habit)
You always say that after preposition goes -ing, then I do not understand "...for work", why it is not "... for working" or "What do your wear TO work"
Thanks for helping me. A hug.
Javier González
Tolosa (Gipuzkoa)

PREPOSITION + ___ing VERB
But also PREPOSITION + NOUN/PRONOUN
eg. What do you wear for/to work. CORRECT. “For” or “to” are prepositions and “work” is a noun.
“Work” can be a noun or a verb.

Voice message from David Martinez, Alcoy. FCE September.

FCE practice:
flo-joe.com: http://www.flo-joe.com/fce/students/index.htm 
Exam English: http://www.examenglish.com/FCE/fce_listening.html  
Cambridge English TV: https://www.youtube.com/user/cambridgeenglishtv  
Mansion Ingles 60 hour FCE course: http://www.mansioningles.com/cd_first.htm 

Level test on the website at mansioningles.com http://www.mansioningles.com/First_cert.htm  


How Not to Repeat Yourself in English

Saying ‘Can you repeat that, please?’
Alternatives:
Sorry?
Sorry, I didn't get/catch that.
Sorry, what was that (you said)?
I'm afraid I don't follow (you) (formal)
Come again? (informal)

saying 'hello' and 'How are you?'
Alternatives:
Alright?
What's up?
How's it going?
How are you doing?
How are things?
'bout you! (Belfast greeting - 'How about you?)
Ey up! (Greeting in the North of England)
Whatcha! (What you)

Saying 'Thank You'
Alternatives:
Thanks
Cheers!
Much appreciated
I owe you one
Many thanks
Thanks a bunch

Saying 'That's very, very good'
Alternatives:
That's amazing, fantastic, unbelievable, wonderful, awesome, out of this world!

Saying 'That's very, very bad'
Alternatives:
That's terrible, awful, horrible, disgusting

Saying 'I'm sorry'
Alternatives;
I'm really/very/extremely/so sorry
I apologise
I can't apologise enough
Please forgive me
It won't happen again!


...and now it's your turn to practise your English. Do you have a question for us or an idea for a future episode?
Send us a voice message and tell us what you think. https://www.speakpipe.com/inglespodcast 
Thank you for all the voice messages you sent during the summer.
Please keep sending them. It takes 3 or 4 minute

The difference between ALL and EVERYTHING | FIX, MANAGE, MAKE IT and FIGURE OUT - AIRC123  

The difference between ALL and EVERYTHING | FIX, MANAGE, MAKE IT and FIGURE OUT - AIRC123

In this episode we speak about the difference between ALL and EVERYTHING | FIX, MANAGE, MAKE IT and FIGURE OUT
and your feedback and questions that you sent us during the summer.

Más podcasts para mejorar tu ingles en: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

More podcasts to improve your English at: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

We recieved a Voice message from Hellen Jimenez from Costa Rica.

As Helen said, you can find a free grammar reference at http://www.mansioningles.com/  . There is also grammar in our free courses and
you can download the grammar pdf from the store: http://store.mansioningles.net/  it costs 1.99 euros.


Listener Feedback: Ivan from Cuba
Hi guys I'm Ivan and I'm Cuban that’s why my situation here with the internet is kind of complicated but I will always find a way to get your episodes.
I wanted to say that you guys are great and I believe truly in what you do.
I'd like to ask you about the use of ALL and EVERYTHING. That's all, thank you.

ALL and EVERYTHING = 100% of something or of a group

ALL

All + uncountable/plural countable nouns
eg. He ate all the food. (uncountable noun) / These students are all my friends. (plural countable noun)

Pronoun + all
eg.Craig and I love you all./ We all love holidays. / It all seemed a bit strange, from start to finish./ They all came to see us. / We love you all / We love all of our listeners.

All of + object form of pronoun (Compare with Pronoun + all)
eg. Craig and I love all of you.

We all love holidays / All of us love holidays.

It all semed a bit strange / All of it seemed a bit strange.

They all came to see us. / All of them came to see us.

All = all of + determiner (the, this, those, my, etc.) “All of” is more common in American Eng.

eg. Craig’s eaten all (of) the chocolate.

The listeners had heard all (of) my jokes before.

BUT COMPARE:
Not all podcasts are popular. (Talking about podcasts in general. No “the”; no “of”)
Not all (of) the podcasts are popular. (Talking about specific podcasts. eg. Aprender inglés con Reza y Craig podcasts.)


All's well with me at the moment.

All that matters is that YOU improve your English. (the only thing that matters.....)

All (that) I ever wanted was for Berta to love me.

All he wants now is to get a divorce.

'All' often goes with 'that' - We say Is everything finished? ~ Yes, everything is finished. (Not XIs all finishedX)


EVERYTHING

Everything = All + relative clause
eg. Reza gave Berta everything, but she still wasn’t satisfied. = Reza gave Berta all (that) he had, but she still wasn’t satisfied.
The bad businessman lost everything. = The bad businessman lost all (that) he owned.

EVERYTHING is usually used as a pronoun:
Everything is OK. / I did some work, but I didn't finish everything.

Everything substitutes 'other things', for example, "I had to reply to emails, make some images, record a podcast, phone my co-worker, post on Facebook.......but I didn't have enough time and I didn't do everything.

All = Everything/Everybody - dramatic/ poetic/ old-fashioned English
eg. I saw you with your new boyfriend last night. Tell me all/everything!
Newspaper headline: “Ship sinks. All are dead. No survivors.”

All = nothing more/the only thing(s)
eg. All (that) I ever wanted was for Berta to love me.
All we did was a friendly kiss on the cheek - nothing more. I promise!


Hi Craig! I am Karla from Costa Rica... I just wanted to thank you for this excellent tool that allows me to
practice and improve my English.
I am going to start a new job having interaction with people from different countries in Europe,
so I was concerned about accents and slang words.
As any language, I think it is about learning through daily interaction, right? Any advice? Thanks again!


Speak to people (Italki, language exchanges)
Listen to podcasts and watch TV series in English (Netflix, YouTube)

Mamen - Biescas, Huesca
Hi guys
Thank you so much for keeping working on your podcast so hard during the summer
We all appreciate your big effort!
This podcast had been so useful 'cause you get (give) me the opportunity to learn and improve every day
I wonder if you could help me with some issues that I always have.
Please, could you explain the difference between : fix, manage, figured out, make it?
I've heard these verbs in so many situations and it's a bit confusing.
Thank you so much
Hope you could manage or what ever with the hot summer.
BIG KISS


FIX - a problem/something broken/a time

(mend, repair) - arregl

Too, Enough and Religion Vocabulary- AIRC122  

In this episode we look at the difference between too and enough and vocabulary connected to religion.


Más podcasts para mejorar tu ingles en: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

More podcasts to improve your English at: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 


Listener Feedback: Wesling Rojas
"I want to improve my speaking but I don't know how to do it. Please just give me some advices (advice/pieces of advice/some advice)."

You must speak! 'You can´t make an omelette if you don't break a few eggs!' Practice, practice, practice!


Who can you speak to and practise with?

1. Go to an English-speaking country.

2. Find English native speakers in your area.

3. Go to a language exchange (un intercambio) in a bar or cafe.

4. Use Italki.com


Italki ad read:

Effective 1 to 1 personal teaching

Native, International (native speakers)

Convenient (learning at home, technology)

Affordable (cut out the middlemen, great pricing)

 

5. Find a foreign boyfriend or girlfriend

6. Arrange to meet up with work colleagues or friends and speak English together for an hour a week.

7. Speak English at home to your family and friends.

8. Record yourself speaking English on your mobile phone and play it back.


Too and Enough

too - demasiado
enough - no bastante


Reza's TOO poor to buy designer clothes.

Designer clothes are TOO EXPENSIVE. (TOO + ADJECTIVE)

Reza doesn't have ENOUGH MONEY. (ENOUGH + NOUN)

TOO goes before an adjective or an adverb. 'It's too expensive' / 'She speaks too quickly.'
ENOUGH goes before the noun. - 'I don't have enough money.'

ENOUGH goes after adjectives - 'Are you warm enough?' / 'Is your coffee strong enough?'

ENOUGH often goes with the negative NOT. 'I'm NOT warm ENOUGH.'

You can use ENOUGH AFTER a verb - 'Podcasters do NOT get paid ENOUGH money.' / 'You're NOT studying ENOUGH.'

RELIGION

Religious (noun) - a religious person
Christian religion - Catholics and Protestants
Greek Orthodox
Jews follow the Jewish religion called Judaism.
Muslims (Moslem) follow the Islamic religion called Islam.
If you are a religious person, you have faith.
to pray - rezar
Hindus pray in a temple
Jews pray in a temple (US) / Synagogue (UK)
Hindus follow hinduism
Buddhists follow Buddhism
Agnostic - Does not know if there is a God or not.
Atheist - Does not believe in God.
Christians pray in a church
Muslims pray in a mosque
Buddhists pray in a temple
Sikhs wear a turban on their heads
A catholic priest (priest - cura, sacerdote
vicar (in the Anglican church) - pastor, vicario
monk - monje - monks live in a monastery
nun - monja - nuns live in a convent
to take a vow of silence - voto de silencio
holy - santo
the symbol of Christianity is the cross


...and now it's your turn to practise your English. Do you have a question for us or an idea for a future episode?
Send us a voice message and tell us what you think. https://www.speakpipe.com/inglespodcast

Send us an email with a comment or question to craig@inglespodcast.com or belfastreza@gmail.com.

If you would like more detailed shownotes, go to https://www.patreon.com/inglespodcast

We need $100
Our 11 lovely sponsors are:

Lara Arlem
Zara Heath Picazo
Mamen
Juan Leyva Galera
sara Jarabo
Corey Fineran from Ivy Envy Podcast
Jorge Jiménez
Raul Lopez
Rafael
Daniel Contreras Aladro
Manuel Tarazona
Carlos Garrido
Manuel García Betegón


Más podcasts para mejorar tu ingles en: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

More podcasts to improve your English at: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 


On next week's episode:

The music in this podcast is by Pitx. The track is called 'See You Later'

Mansion Interviews Innes about Fishing  

My friend Innes is a keen fisherman, and when he came to visit me last summer I asked him about fishing and if he goes fishing in the rain.

 

There are comprehension questions and translated vocabulary from this interview at: http://www.inglespodcast.com/Innes 

Common Collocations with KEEP, SAVE and GO - AIRC121  

In this episode we're going to help you improve your collocations with the verbs keep, save and go.

Más podcasts para mejorar tu ingles en: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

More podcasts to improve your English at: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

Listener Feedback: Adriana Salazar

KEEP (guardar, conservar)

“Don't drink all the water. We need to keep some for tomorrow.”
Quedarse con - “I’ve decided to keep this microphone and not return it to the shop.”
Guardar, almacenar - “Where do you keep the sugar?’
Criar - “My aunt Mary has kept bees for over forty years.”
Seguir (continue) - ‘He kept working until six o'clock.’ / ‘Keep walking until you get to the beach.’

keep a promise (make and break)
keep a secret - Are you good or bad at keeping secrets?
keep an appointment (make and cancel)
keep calm (and carry on) - mantener la calma / tranquilizarse
keep in touch (with) - seguir en contacto / get in touch
Keep in mind - no olvidar, tener en cuenta
keep quiet
keep the change
keep it real! - ¡sé sincero!
keep your chin up
keep taking the tablets!
keep your nose out of someone’s business
keep your hair on! = Don’t get angry!
keep well out of it/something

Italki ad read:
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Native speakers
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Affordable
Italki gives 100 italki credits (ITC) to each paying student
For more information: inglespodcast.com/italki/
We want to say thank you to italki for sponsoring Aprender Inglés con Reza y Craig

SAVE
save money
save someone a seat - Would you mind saving me a seat? / Would you like me to save you a seat?
save someone's life
save space - that’s very important in my flat
save time
save someone the trouble
save something to the hard disk/a USB

GO
go somewhere physically - go to the supermarket (remember the preposition TO - Have you been to Paris?), go abroad / overseas
go jogging, skiing, sailing, snowboarding, trekking, fishing etc
go bald - quedarse calvo
go grey - encanecerse
go out of business / go bankrupt - ir a la quiebra, bancarrota
go blind - ciego/a / deaf - sordo/a
go crazy / mad - He’s gone completely mad!
go wild - enloquecer
go dark - oscurecer
go missing - My phone’s gone missing
go online - I’ll just go online and check my emails
go to war - Would you go to war to defend your country?

...and now it's your turn to practise your English. Do you have a question for us or an idea for a future episode?
Send us a voice message and tell us what you think. https://www.speakpipe.com/inglespodcast

Send us an email with a comment or question to craig@inglespodcast.com or belfastreza@gmail.com.

If you would like more detailed shownotes, go to https://www.patreon.com/inglespodcast 


Our lovely sponsors are:

Lara Arlem
Zara Heath Picazo
Mamen
Juan Leyva Galera
sara Jarabo
Corey Fineran from Ivy Envy Podcast
Jorge Jiménez
Raul Lopéz
Rafael
Daniel Contreras Aladro
Manuel Tarazona
Carlos Garrido
Manuel García Betegón


On next week's episode: Too, Enough and Religion Vocabulary

The music in this podcast is by Pitx. The track is called 'See You Later'

 

Más podcasts para mejorar tu ingles en: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

More podcasts to improve your English at: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common Collocations with BREAK, CATCH and PAY - AIRC120  

In this episode we're going to help you with some common collocations with the verbs BREAK, CATCH & PAY

Más podcasts para mejorar tu ingles en: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

More podcasts to improve your English at: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

Revise collocations with Make and Do in Episode 2: http://www.inglespodcast.com/2014/01/30/aprender-ingles-con-reza-y-craig-2/ 

Listener Feedback: Hi excelente podcast, this is my first time writing, I know this podcast will help me to improve my English. Could you please help me with collocations.
Thanks
Adriana Salazar

BREAK - smash, fracture a bone, shatter, stop functioning, descansar, hacer pausa
To physically break something: break a glass / break a limb (arm or leg)
break someone's heart
break a habit - to break a bad habit, replace it with a good one
break a promise (make, keep a promise)
break a record - Have we broken the record for the most podcasts recorded in 3 days?
break the ice - What are your favourite ‘ice-breakers’?
break the law - Have you ever broken the law?
break the news to someone
break the rules ‘Rules are made to be broken’
break wind = to expel air via the anus (to fart)

CATCH
coger, pillar (por sorpresa-he was caught stealing a car), atrapar, agarrar, pescar (to catch a fish),
catch a ball - coger
catch a bus/train - coger/tomar (in Argentina)
catch a/the cold/flu/your death
catch a thief
catch fire
catch sight of
catch your breath - recuperar el aliento
catch someone's eye/attention - a waiter in a restaurant
catch someone red-handed/at it
Where's the catch? - ¿Cuál es la trampa?
There must be a catch here somewhere - Aquí debe de haber trampa
(I'll) catch you later! (informal) ¡nos vemos!
You can catch me at my office.

PAY
Pay with money: pay a fine / pay the bill / pay cash/by credit card
You can also pay a/the price (as a consequence of something)
pay attention - presta atención
pay someone a compliment - hacer cumplidos a algn (to return the compliment)
pay someone a visit
pay your respects (when someone dies / passes away)
pay for your mistakes

...and now it's your turn to practise your English. Do you have a question for us or an idea for a future episode?
Send us a voice message and tell us what you think. www.speakpipe.com/inglespodcast 

Send us an email with a comment or question to craig@inglespodcast.com or belfastreza@gmail.com.

If you would like more detailed shownotes, go to https://www.patreon.com/inglespodcast 
Our lovely sponsors are:

Lara Arlem
Zara Heath Picazo
Mamen
Juan Leyva Galera
sara Jarabo
Corey Fineran from Ivy Envy Podcast
Jorge Jiménez
Raul Lopéz
Rafael
Daniel Contreras Aladro
Manuel Tarazona
Carlos Garrido
Manuel García Betegón


On next week's episode: Common Collocations with KEEP, SAVE and GO

The music in this podcast is by Pitx. The track is called 'See You Later'

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Getting Dressed and Undressed - AIRC119  

Getting Dressed and Undressed - AIRC119

In this episode we're going to help you get undressed (and dressed)! They’ll be a live unzipping by Reza and a live unbuttoning by Craig. If you don’t know what that means, you need to listen to this podcast?

Más podcasts para mejorar tu ingles en: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

More podcasts to improve your English at: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

Feedback: Elisa from Finland
Hi,
After the last episode I had my palm read ;) And guess what, my future seems to be brilliant. The lady told me that she can see two men and probably one dog ...
Both men were bald but the dog was hairy... One of the men had a tattoo on the top of his head... something like Mickey Mouse..
But the main thing was that they had a big announcement in their hands: We are podcasting forever!
Elisa

We spoke about clothes on Episode 7 http://www.inglespodcast.com/2014/01/31/aprender-ingles-con-reza-y-craig-7/ 

More vocabulary on mansioningles.com http://www.mansioningles.com/vocabulario10.htm  

To get up, get dressed, get undressed How long does it take you to get dressed? Do you get dressed as soon as you get up?
To put on your clothes/ to take off your clothes
To do up/undo... buttons, a zip, your coat, shirt etc.
To button/unbutton a coat, shirt, (or anything with buttons)
To zip up/unzip
To tie/untie (a knot)
To buckle/unbuckle (a belt, shoes with a buckle - hebilla)
To do up = to tie your shoelaces
Underwear: pants (shorts US - calzoncillos), knickers (panties US), tights (panty hose US), vest (camiseta sin mangas in the UK, chaleco in the US), socks, bra
Stockings (medias) and suspenders (garters US)
High heel(ed) shoes = high heels - tacones
To get dressed up - arreglado/a
To wear clothes -
What are you wearing? (now)
What did you wear yesterday? (past)
What do you wear for work (usually - as a habit)

Collar - cuello, cuff - puño, fly - bragueta ‘Your fly is down. Zip it up.’, ‘You’re flying low’, seam - costura, strap - correa, v-neck, inside pocket, sleeveless

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Discussion
Which sock/shoe do you put on first, left or right?
What’s your favourite material? Wool, silk, cotton, linen, leather, synthetic (nylon, polyester)
What’s the last item of clothing you bought? Do you wait for the sales?
What’s your favourite item of clothing?
Do you judge people by their clothes?
Zips or buttons, which do you prefer?
Belts or braces (suspenders US) - tirantes?
How many pairs of shoes have you got?
Boxers or Y-fronts?
What’s the best length for a gentleman’s sock?
Do you think that the clothes we wear reflect what is inside us ?

...and now it's your turn to practise your English. Do you have a question for us or an idea for a future episode?
Send us a voice message and tell us what you think. www.speakpipe.com/inglespodcast

Send us an email with a comment or question to craig@inglespodcast.com or belfastreza@gmail.com.

If you would like more detailed shownotes, go to https://www.patreon.com/inglespodcast 


Our lovely sponsors are:

Lara Arlem
Zara Heath Picazo
Mamen
Juan Leyva Galera
sara Jarabo
Corey Fineran from Ivy Envy Podcast
Jorge Jiménez
Raul Lopéz
Rafael
Daniel Contreras Aladro
Manuel Tarazona
Carlos Garrido

On next week's episode: Common Collocations with BREAK, CATCH and PAY

The music in this podcast is by Pitx. The track is called 'See You Later'

 

Más podcasts para mejorar tu ingles en: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

More podcasts to improve your English at: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

 

 

 

Drugs and Addiction - AIRC118  

Drugs and Addiction - AIRC118

In this episode we're going to help you increase your vocabulary around taking drugs and addiction.

Más podcasts para mejorar tu ingles en: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

More podcasts to improve your English at: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

Last week economics and investment trends and this week drugs and addiction!

Listener Feedback: Segundo Davila de Peru

Soy un Peruano que viaja mucho soy Ingeniero, todo el tiempo estoy estudiando Inglés sin terminar, actualmente me encuentro de viaje de trabajo en Marruecos. He encontrado  sus podcasts y me interesan mucho, son muy prácticos, mi nivel es casi intermedio, favor sus recomendaciones para ver que me conviene adquirir de sus productos pero para descargar y pago con tarjeta de crédito.

 

Drugs and Addiction

to be addicted to

to have an addiction (to)

an addict

an addictive substance

 

What is addiction? Quote from Psychology Today website:

"Addiction is a condition that results when a person ingests a substance (e.g., alcohol, cocaine, nicotine) or engages in an activity (e.g., gambling, sex, shopping) that can be pleasurable but the continued use/act of which becomes compulsive and interferes with ordinary life responsibilities, such as work, relationships, or health.

Users may not be aware that their behavior is out of control and causing problems for themselves and others."

 

abstinence - A deliberate decision to avoid harmful behaviors, including sexual activity before marriage, tobacco, alcohol, and other drugs. (verb - to abstain from doing something)

 

addictive drug - A substance that causes physiological or psychological dependence.

 

psychological dependence - A condition in which a person believes that a drug is needed in order to feel good or function normally.

 

physiological dependence - A condition in which the user has a chemical need for the drug.

 

stimulant - A drug that increases the action of the central nervous system, heart, and other organs.

 

nicotine withdrawal - The process that occurs in the body when nicotine is no longer used. (Cravings, discomfort.)

 

intoxication - The state in which the body is poisoned by alcohol or another substance and the person's physical and mental control is significantly reduced.

(tipsy-drunk-sloshed-pissed-stoned-high-plastered-hammered-wasted-three sheets to the wind-inebriated-out of it-completely gone-as pissed as a fart

 

Opposite: (stone-cold) sober  (sobriety - living without alcohol), straight, tea total

 

To be on/off the wagon (on the water wagon - to drink water instead of alcohol)

 

detoxification - A process in which the body adjusts to functioning without alcohol.

 

euphoria - A feeling of intense well-being or elation.

 

gateway drug - A drug whose use increases the likelihood that a person will use other harmful drugs. Cigarettes, Marijuana and Alcohol are the 3 of these.

 

Overdose - taking too much of a drug which cause death

 

Withdrawal - Unpleasant reactions that occur when a person who is physically dependent on a drug no longer takes it.

 

“Cold turkey” - A colloquial expression describing the extreme discomfort of withdrawal symptoms from drugs.

 

Hangover/to be hungover - the unpleasant feeling the day after drinking too much

 

“Hair of the dog” - A colloquial expression describing the (dubious) idea that the best way to cure a hangover is to drink a little bit more.



Common drugs -

heroin, cocaine, crack, speed = amphetamines, e’s/E= ecstasy, acid = LSD, magic mushrooms

a doobie - a joint - a spliff

marijuana - grass - weed - dope - cannabis

uppers/downers

alcohol = “booze = sauce = grog = hooch = a tipple”

 

tobacco = baccy

Cigarettes = “cigs = ciggies = tabs = fags”

alcoholism - an alcoholic

substance abuse

(to be) in denial

a drug addict - junkie  

dealer - a pusher

to shoot up

to chase the dragon

to pop pills

 

Discussion

Should some drugs be made legal? Which ones?

The Economy and Discussing Trends - AIRC117  

In this episode we're going to help you speak about the economy and discussing trends

Más podcasts para mejorar tu ingles en: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

More podcasts to improve your English at: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

We spoke about money vocabulary and the economy in Episode 46 

Discussing Trends - upward and downward trends

Verbs/Nouns - DOWN

to decline/a decline
to go down
to drop/a drop
to fall/a fall
to decrease/a decrease
to dip/a dip
to slide - deslizar /a slide

More extreme-

to plummet
to halve/a halving
to plunge/a plunge
to nosedive/a nosedive
to tumble/a tumble
___________________________________________

UP

to rise (intransitive = no object)/a rise
to raise (transitive = with object)/a raise
to go up
to increase/ an increase
to improve/ an improvement
to grow/ a growth
to recover (from a previous fall)/ a recovery
to peak (to a maximum point)/ a peak

More extreme-

to shoot up
to hockeystick (US)
to skyrocket/ a skyrocketing (uncommon) *NOT a skyrocket
to double, triple/ a doubling/tripling
to rocket/ a rocketing (uncommon) *NOT a rocket
to soar/ a soar

___________________________________________________

UP AND DOWN OR STABLE

to fluctuate/ a fluctuation
to level off or out/a level(l)ing off or out
to hold steady
to flatline/flatlining
to even out/an evening out (but *NOT with your friends in this case!)


Adjective + Noun phrases / Verb + Adverb phrases

a significant increase/to increase significantly
a slight drop/to drop slightly
a noticeable decline/to decline noticeably
a gradual recovery/to recover gradually
a steep rise/to rise steeply
a substantial growth/to grow substantially
a sharp decrease/to decrease sharply
a dramatic jump/to jump dramatically
a moderate recovery/to recover moderately
a steady improvement/to improve steadily

Examples-

There has been a steady rise in the number of unemployed people in recent years.
The figures show a sharp decline in the number of homeowners this year.
Compared to last year’s figures, this year has seen a significant increase of 40% so far.
We can see a slight drop of 2% compared to last week, according to theses statistics
The figures show (that) the number of homeowners has declined sharply this year.
The chart shows how car sales have plummeted since the crisis by 67%.
The table shows (that) the amount has flatlined at 8 million tonnes.
As the graph demonstrates, a dramatic price increase/increase in price occurred last month.
In recent years the percentage of homeless people in Spain has risen sharply.
There has been a slight improvement in our team’s ball possession this season.
As you can see from the diagram, the ratio of men to women is currently 2:1 (two to one).
Sales rose by 10% from 32,000 to 32,320. This meant an increase of 320.
The present fluctuation in prices makes future predictions difficult.
The amount of plastic polluting the seas looks set to continue rising, according to the figures.
Half of all those interviewed said they had bought 2 or more handheld devices over the last 5 years.


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Convenient (learning at home, technology)
Affordable (cut out the middlemen, great pricing)
Italki gives 100 italki credits (ITC) to each paying student that registers.
To find out more, go to: inglespodcast.com/italki/
We want to say thank you to italki for sponsoring Aprender Inglés con Reza y Craig


...and now it's your turn to practise your English. Do you have a question for us or an idea for a future episode?
Send us a voice message and tell us what you think. www.speakpipe.com/inglespodcast

Send us an email with a comment or question to craig@inglespodcast.com or belfastreza@gmail.com.

If you would like more detailed shownotes, go to https://www.patreon.com/inglespodcast
Our lovely sponsors are:

Lara Arlem
Zara Heath Picazo
Mamen
Juan Leyva Galera
sara Jarabo
Corey Fineran from Ivy Envy Podcast
Jorge Jiménez
Raul Lopéz
Rafael
Daniel Contreras Aladro
Manuel Tarazona

On next week's episode: Drugs and Addiction

Más podcasts para mejorar tu ingles en: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

More podcasts to improve your English at: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

The music in this podcast is by Pitx. The track is called 'See You Later'

 

Dependent prepositions – Nouns followed by a preposition - AIRC116  

In this episode we're going to help you revise and practise prepositions that are commonly found after some popular nouns.


Más podcasts para mejorar tu ingles en: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

More podcasts to improve your English at: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

Listener Feedback: Mamen
Mamen listens to podcasts while walking the dog. That's a great idea!
“It’s been a while since I've spoken to you”
Thanks for the invitation to visit Biescas. We'll try to make it up there at the end of the summer.
Have a wonderful summer!

A dependent preposition is a preposition that always follows the same expression; for example, we say 'interested in' and not 'interested on' or 'interested about'.
As we saw in the previous two episodes, dependent prepositions can depend on a verb or adjective, as well as a noun.

There are dependent prepositions which go before certain nouns and others that go after certain nouns.

IN
in agreement - Are we in agreement with the way English should be taught?
in doubt - I’m in doubt about which course to write next.
in a hurry - Are you in a hurry to finish this podcast?
increase/decrease in - rise/fall in "There’s been a fall in the value of the euro and the pound."
difficulty in/with - Is there anything you’re having difficulty with?

OF
(take) advantage of - Take advantage of these podcasts and the free courses on mansioningles.com ( http://www.mansioningles.com/NuevoCurso.htm )
as a result of - As a result of this podcast we’ve met some wonderful people.

ABOUT
information about/on - Where can listeners find information about/on FCE courses? On the Mansión Inglés website ( http://store.mansioningles.net/downloads/first-certificate-course/ )
anxiety about - She feels a lot of anxiety about her test tomorrow.

ON
on strike - Have you ever gone on strike?
on average - How much coffee do you drink on average?
on the whole - On the whole, are you pleased with life in Valencia?
opinion on (attitude towards) - What's your attitude towards underage drinking?

AT
at risk - Do you think the EU is at risk? Will it break up?
at fault - I apologise. I am at fault. Sorry!

FOR
need for - There’s a need for good government. / There’s a need for change.
reason for - What’s the reason for the indecision in Spanish politics?
taste for - There’s a well-known podcaster with a taste for dark chocolate.

UNDER
under guarantee/warranty - have you got anything at home that's still under guarantee?
under age - Did you drink alcohol when you were under age?

TO
solution to - I’m afraid they had no solution to our problem.

PREPOSITIONS BEFORE AND AFTER A NOUN
in answer to - In answer to our request, we were given some help.
for the love of ... - “Don’t do it, for the love of God!”
in lieu of (= in place of, instead of) - My boss gave me a day off work in lieu of extra pay.

Italki ad read:
Effective 1 to 1 personal teaching
Native, International (native speakers)
Convenient (learning at home, technology)
Affordable (cut out the middlemen, great pricing)
Italki gives 100 italki credits (ITC) to each paying student that registers.
To find out more, go to: inglespodcast.com/italki/
We want to say thank you to italki for sponsoring Aprender Inglés con Reza y Craig

...and now it's your turn to practise your English. Do you have a question for us or an idea for a future episode?
Send us a voice message and tell us what you think. www.speakpipe.com/inglespodcast
Send us an email with a comment or question to craig@inglespodcast.com or belfastreza@gmail.com.

If you would like more detailed shownotes, go to https://www.patreon.com/inglespodcast


Our lovely sponsors are:
Lara Arlem
Zara Heath Picazo
Mamen
Juan Leyva Galera
Sara Jarabo
Corey Fineran from Ivy Envy Podcast
Jorge Jiménez
Raul Lopéz
Rafael
Daniel Contreras Aladro
Manuel Tarazona


On next week's episode: The Economy and Discussing Trends


Más podcasts para mejorar tu ingles en: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

More podcasts to improve your English at: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

The music in this podcast is by Pitx. The track is called 'See You Later'

 

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